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Full text of "Collier's Dec 5, 1914"

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NATIONAL WEEKLY 



Dec. 5, 1914 







England's Man at the Helm By h. b. Needham 



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COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 




Y 



ESSIR 



that is, 



yessum ! — you can 
run that man of 
yours — husband, broth- 
er, son or sweetheart — 



into everlasting debt of 
the deepest gratitude 
this Christmas by giving 
him one of these hand- 
some crystal-glass humi- 
dors full to the brim 
with P. A. 




i 



It isn't the cost that will 
make him come back on 
your birthday with silk 

stockings or a bracelet watch. It is the thoughtfulness with which 
you chose good old 











the national joy smoke 



a real smoke with real fragrance and real flavor. The one tobacco 
made by the wonderful patented process that takes out the bite and 



lets 



man smoke his fill without broiling his tong 



Get the Christ 



massy pound package of P. A. early while the stores have plenty. 
Everywhere stores selling tobacco are prepared with P. A. in the 



g 



humidors 



also in pound and half-pound tin humidor 



also 



with the famous tidy red tin, 10c; and the toppy red bag, 5c 

R. J. REYNOLDS TOBACCO CO., Winston-Salem, N. C. 







COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



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Salesmen for Timken -equipped motor cars 
never have to defend their Timken- Detroit 

Axles. 

On the contrary they aggressively use the 
Timken Axle as a leading sales argument for 
the purchase of the car. 

Because they know there is no hetteraxle made. 

Because each knows that the particular type 
and size of Timken Axle under his car was 
designed and engineered into that model of that 
car by the combined efforts and with the com- 
bined knowledge born of the combined experi- 
ence of able engineers, metallurgists, chemists, 
production men and salesmen of both the car- 
building organization and the Timken- Detroit 
organization. 

Because he knows that Timken men are 
motor-car men as well as axle men and have 
sat in many a conference with the greatest en- 
gineers of the car-building industry — working 
out with them the problem of designing the right 
axle for a particular car to rightly correlate 
and balance with all the other parts of the car. 

He knows that no single car-builder has all 
this specialized knowledge, ability and 



perience in the co-designing of axles with the 



He knows that with its vast output the 
Timken-Detroit Axle Co. can afford to have — 
can not afford to be without — the most efficient 
machinery (much of it special), the most effi- 
cient tools, jigs, gauges — and methods. That — 
quality considered— Timken Axles must cost the 
car-builder less than if made under his own roof. 

Stop to think — this must be so. No business 
can long exist that does not truly settee the men who 
use the goods it produces. 

Car-builders serve the public by supplying the 
means for rapid, pleasurable or profitable travel. 

The Timken-Detroit Axle Company serves the public 
through a number of car-builders by enabling those builders 
to furnish their cars to the public on better axles, costing less 
than if made by themselves, engineered into more perfect 
relations with the other essential parts of the car. 

Many prominent car-builders have found, year after year, 
that it helps them serve the public to make the Timken 
Organization a part of their own organizations — to make the 
great Timken plant, in effect, their axle department. 

Those car-builders are listed in a booklet, "The Companies Tim- 
ken Keeps," which tells where, in each model of their cars, Timken 
Axles and Bearings are located. This, and the Timken Primers, "On 
Axles" and "On Bearings," will be mailed free on post-card request 
to Dep't B-9 either Timken Company. Your request will bring 
only the booklets — no letters, no salesman. 



THE TIMKEN-DETROIT AXLE COMPANY 

Detroit, Mich. 

THE TIMKEN ROLLER BEARING COMPANY 

Canton, Ohio 





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d Commercial Veh 



Manufacturers list the Certainty of Continental 
Motors as first in the specifications. 

For out of the eight good qualities for which 
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the Motor alone. 



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is irrefutable that this standard Motor, represent- 
ing one- fourth of the total manufacturing cost 
of a Car or Truck, guarantees three-fourths of 

that vehicle's potentiality for service. 

See that Continental Certainty is in your next Car. 

CONTINENTAL MOTOR MFG. CO. 

Largest exclusive Motor Builders in the World 

Detroit. 



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BY H. 



B. 



BEHIND me is a considerable experience 
in studying our public men at close range. 
I have interviewed Mr. Wilson and, early 
in his Presidency. Mr. Taft. Several times 

I have interviewed Mr. Roosevelt. But the 

quite another story. While approachable, Mr. Asquith is a particularly hard 
person to get at, then to get to! He is the exceptional public man who, far 
from courting publicity, by nature and habit shuns the limelight. 

They do not wait luncheon for the master of the house at Ten 
Downing Street. This informality did 
not obtain when cowboys, muck rakers, 
and "bad" men rubbed elbows with na- 
tive and foreign culture at 1600 Penn- 
sylvania Avenue. Even in those demo- 
cratic days at the White House the 
noontide feast of reason never began 
without the chief logician. 

But this wasn't a feast of reason. It 
was an appetizing luncheon — "nothing 
to write home about." as they say over 
here, but wholesome, nourishing, and 
capable of satisfying a robust hunger, 
beginning, as it did, with Irish stew. 
And those present were not there alto- 
gether for conversation. Not that there 
wasn't conversation: clever, witty, in- 
teresting table talk; but one didn't feel 
guilty of lese inajeste in taking a bite. 

Another mark of informality was the 
raiment of the men. In a land where 
schoolboys and "darks" wear top hats 
with utter abandon, and where coats, if 
not seized early from the maker, in- 
evitably grow tails, it was positively 
shocking to see, with one painful excep- 
tion, nothing but lounge— that is. sack- 
coats at the luncheon. If there is any- 
thing more disconcerting than not being 
dressed with adequate formality at a 
function, it is finding oneself over- 
dressed at what is not a function. I 
know now how the minister must have 
felt at the Sunday-school picnic. 

His most implacable enemy, so I'm 
told and can believe, would never sug- 
gest that Mr. Asquith had in him any- 
thing of the actor. Certainly, when he 
entered the room, he did not play the 
part of Prime Minister, as I had con- 
ceived it. He appeared strong and 
healthy and — British. Though his hair 
is almost white, his face is youthful, 
discounting his age by ten years. A re- 
served man, who might have been a shy 
professor of Greek as he bowed, not 
without geniality, and walked quietly 
to his place. Oh, irritating British calm ! 
At this, my glimpse of him near to. 
he seemed a different person than in the 
House of Commons. There he is to- 
day the figure of most inlluence, domi- 
nating the House because of his high 
efficiency, and swaying the galleries, as 
he did the audience at the Guildhall, 
by the force of his oratory. He never 

makes a bad speech, although he has tough cases at times: for he enjoys carrying 
other people's mistakes on his shoulders. A natural feeling for beautiful English, 
a rare choice of words— not of rare words— distinguish a style thai easily and 
Clearly makes its points and damages adversaries. Nothing but thorough scholar 
ship and long training in public speaking could produce such truly eloquent 



NEEDHAM 



addresses; and one is not surprised to learn 
that his career at the City of London School 
and at Oxford was strewn with classical prizes ; 
nor surprised to know that his favorite diver- 
Prime Minister is another story, sion at. the university, aside from walking, was the Union. At debate he over- 
shadowed all others of his day. But one is relieved to find that he didn't carry 
his scholarship to excess. When he became a Fellow of Oxford he was the only don 

at Balliol content with a B. A. He remains a B. A. to this day. 
And he puts his classical scholarship to good use, as witness : 

■ "For rest and recreation Mr. Asquith 




" Strong and healthy and British. Though Mr. Asquith's hair is almost white, 
his face is youthful, discounting his age by ten years. Calm by day, by night at peace 



often renders the 'Barrack Room Bal- 
lads' into (J reek.'' 

This view of the Prime Minister off 
duty was given me by Mrs. Asquith, a 
genuine personality and a woman of 
unusual charm, who is devoted to her 
husband's career. I was on the point 
of asking her what other form of "re- 
laxation"' he was addicted to, when 
there was a sudden hush, much as if 
the Prime Minister had risen to speak. 
One could instinctively feel that he was 
about to tell something of particular 
importance. Of course it must be of 
the war. With simplicity that made it 
all the more dramatic, and temperately, 
Mr. Asquith told of the loss of three 
warships — the cruisers Abonkir, Cressy, 
and Hogue — 12 ? 000-ton boats. As he 
made this announcement of the first 
disaster to the British navy, one thought 
primarily of his serenity. In not the 
slightest degree was he flustered, yet he 
wasn't indifferent. You knew intuitively 
that he was moved, but he did not 
unmask. His poise was admirable. 

"MinesV" some one asked. 

"Torpedoed by submarine," we were 
informed. 

"Were the officers and crews saved?" 
was the anxious question. 

"The Admiralty, so far, has not 
heard." 

"We must expect some losses,"' re- 
marked one. 

"But we do not like to lose a ship 
without getting something back." was 
the reply. 

That was all. Nothing about re- 
venge, no boasting. A cool head, in- 
deed, to have over all the Government ! 

Another incident demonstrated again 
Mr. Asquith's reserve, but at the same 
time revealed the man's warm heart. 
His youngest son, Anthony, aged eleven. 
who so early has shown proficiency in 
Greek, Latin, and French, was to go 
away to school that afternoon. As he 
was being excused to return to play, 
his father called him over, at the same 
time fumbling in his pocket. The na- 
ture of the transfer that followed was 
carefully hidden beneath the table, but 
there was no hiding the father's smile, 
or the beaming face of the boy, or his 
query: "Will it hurt to crinkle it?"— "No." said Mr. Asquith with dignified rapture. 
Positively human, not at all a man on a pedestal, was (he Prime Minister. M.\ 
awe of him vanished. He might not be so hard to talk to, 1 assured myself. But 
he was more unrevealing than any statesman T ever went up againsl ! In the acri- 
monious Home Rule debate, when accused of breach of promise and breach of faith, 
























6 

after reading the record to dem- 
onstrate the absurdity of the 
charge, the Prime Minister said : 

"If that Is a ma iter of any 

importance, so far as my per- 
sonal honor is concerned, I am 

quite content to leave it in the 

keeping of my countrymen." 
If personal honor, how much 

more readily would he re- 
pose in his countrymen the 

weighing Of his iz<hh\ works, 

the assessment of ids meed 
of popular appreciation? 

He doesn't care a hang 
about publicity. Moreover, 

propaganda is not among 
England's weapons. 

Eminent fairness, or, if 
that is putting it too strong 
for a neutral, a desire to be 
eminently Pair, character- 
izes the Prime Minis! e r 's 

comment apon the war. Net 
only in Ids public remarks is 
this true, but in private conver- 
sation. Everything he says is in 

the best of temper and marked 

bj unvarying moderation. There 
is. moreover, no note of Infalli- 
bility in his statements or argu- 
ments— nothing to the effect 
that England can do no wrong. 
Quite the contrary. 

It has heen our misfortune— : 

is Mr. Asquith's viewpoint (having in mind, perhaps, 
the Boer War. which split the Liberal party from top 
to toe) — as it is the misfortune of most peoples ;n 

some stage of their history— to nse our armed forces 
on behalf of a dispute as t.. the justice of which there 
was division nf opinion at home: uneasiness as to the 
wisdom of the diplomacy, anxiety as to the expediency 
of the policy, doubts as to the i ential righteous- 
ness of the •■Muse. 

Why England Fights 

THAT is m.t the case to-day. Our gallant soldiers 
and sailors take into their arduous and hazardous 

task the assurance that they have behind them not 
only the material resources, great and Inexhaustible 
as they are. of the British Empire, but they have 
that which i- better still— the universal feeling among 

those who are their fellow citizens that they are the 

instruments and agents not of aggression, not of 
vengeance, hut of freedom and justice 
We are at war for three reasons: In the Oral 

place, and primarily, to vindicate the sanctity of 

treaty obligations and of what is properly called the 
public law of Europe; in the second place, to assert 
and to enforce the independence of free states, rela- 
tively small and weak, against the encroachments and 

the violence of the strong; and, in the third place, to 
withstand, as we believe in the besi Interests not 
only of our own Empire. Put of civilization ; ,t large, 

the arrogant claim of a single power to dominate 
the development of the destinies of Europe. 

If you ask me what we are fighting for, I can 
reply in two sentences: To fulfill a solemn inter- 
national obligation—an obligation which, if it bad 
been entered into between private persons in the ordi- 
nary concerns of life, would have heen regarded as 
an obligation, not only of law, but of honor, and 
which no self-respecting man could have repudiated. 
Secondly, to vindicate the principle that small na- 
tionalities are not to be Crushed in defiance of inter- 
national good faith at the arbitrary will of a strong 
and overmastering power. 

There is not a Minister who. during the trying 

days leading up to the war. did not have clearly 

before his vision the suffering— the almost brutal 
suffering- that war must bring, not only to us who 

live in this country, and to those of the other coun- 
tries of Europe, but to posterity. Every step we took 

was taken with that vision before our eyes and with 

a sense of responsibility, which it is Impossible to de 

scribe in words. In spite of our efforts for peace, 

and with full and overpowering consciousness of the 
results of war, w« thought it. to he the duty as well 

as the interest of this country to unshonth the sword 

Hut i^vvvy possibility of peace had i.e..,, exhausted. 
Mr. Asquith Blames Germany 

N<> MAX in the history of the world has ever la 
bored more strenuously or more successfully than 
sir Edward Grey for that which is the supreme h, 
teresl of the modern world— a general and abiding 

peace. Over a year ago, it should no! he forgotten 

largely due to the tops taken by him, the ambassa- 

dors Of the meat powers met in London everv day 

and week a er week, under the strain of the Balkan 
curtailing the area of possible differences, recon 
iling warring ambitiona and aims, pi-, i Ing againsl 
[most Incalculable odds the general harmony, and 

umscrlbing the zone of conflict. 
n * '" the same spirit and with the same pur- 
po - thai the Foreign Secretary, when Austria deliv- 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5. 1914 




Unmilitarylooking Mr. Asquith, who since Lord Haldanc's retirement has acted as 
Secretary of State for War as well as Premier, visits the training camp for recruits at Alder shot 



ered her ultimatum to Servia, put forward the pi 
posal for a mediating conference between the four 
powers not direct h concerned— Germany. France, Italy. 
and Great Britain. If that proposal had been ac 
eepied. the actual controversy would have heen set 
tied with honor to everybody, and the whole of this 

terrible war and bloodshed would have i □ averted. 

Why was it not accepted? one power, and one power 
only, blocked the way to a conference, and that power 
was Germany. 

I wish all who sincerely desire to ftx, fairly and 
without bias, the responsibility for the illimitable suf 

ferings which now < front the world, would read 

the diplomatic correspondence respecting the European 

crisis read, learn, and mark. Es -iall.\ would I 

ask that the communications between Berlin and Lon 
,|,,n - '"""l between Vienna and his Majesty's Go rn 
ment, be carefully considered. The justice f Eng- 
land's cause rests upon this correspondence and her. 

we are content it should rest. 

4 'The Case for Great Britain " 

A WORD at this point of interpretation. It is no 
doubt true thai a reporter who keeps eyes and 
irs open can form a pretty fair judgment of the pur- 
poses of those who come under his observation. Ulte- 
rior designs are not long dissembled. This being so 



lost sight of. [f the record of 
negotiations leading up to the 
war is clear, understood, and 
not forgotten, England Is coi 

lent tO have events take their 
course. 

Complaint was made at one 
time that some regiments of 
recruits in Kitchener's army. 

owiiii,' tO the difficulty of 

the War Office in keeping 
pace with the volume of 

volunteers, were not so well 
feci and cared for as the 

German prisoners in Eng- 
land. This complaint was 

repeated in my presence t«> 

the Lord Chancellor. Vis- 

eouiit iiai. lane, a former 

War Minister who i< n0 w 

I unofficially aiding Lord 

Kitchener. Mis reply was 
significant : 

l, \Ve are not only doing with 

German prisoners what is re- 
quired by the Hague < -onvention, 

hut we are doing all that is 

required." 

in other words. England Is 
taking action all along the line 

t<» ^trenu'then what she hon- 
estly believes to he a 
case. 

The 4 vas ( . for Great 
ain M in this Old World 
looks at. it seemed to me. a 
type ,.f lawyer. This require 



g0( 

Brit- 
con- 




flict, Mr. Asquith* 
a lawyer— -but his 
explanation. 

,,, ' Wtta , •'• |ll « ,,| to the Par at Lincoln's Inn in June. 

1S76. After bis success before the I'arnell CommJ 

sion lH ' became Queen's Counsel (grade above barrls 
ter), and gradually concentrated on appellate work 
^fore "'•• House of Lords and the iTiw Council. 
He was earning, I'm told, £15,000 a rear when 1, 
became Prime Minister. 

. The bar celebrated ti leva. ion f one of Its mem- 

new to the premiership, and on that occasion sir 
Edward Clarke said of him : -For thirty years he has 
preserved an untarnished shield." 

A Man of Peace—at Peace 

'-piiAT by day he is habitually calm and unruffled, 

A and by night at peace, is the man's miracle. Lord 
»y-ehery could not throw off the trials and p, 

Plexities of the premiership, and official life be- 
came a burden Herbert Henrj Asquith, horn in 
W, " ,,1 ; v '" ^tau stock sixty-two rears ago 

Can and does. He never f,l M i , 

. . . n ,H x « i takes his busines horn- 

"< M». notwithstanding bis home Is his place of 
Dullness, 

. JJJwy«« 'ago we la America presented our Chief 

; .'..v,,i, ;l ,,,,,,,,,,,,. s to whicll to trans- 

ac* public business. The consequent removal of office 

SfSSL '•■"," '"V""'- House transfer , it !,,„. 

' "I ,'/ **• ll ' 1 -' 1 ™ Bui the C f Executive 

11 ;<< si. Government is bidden away In a cor- 

'• ' ""'■'•" '>■ ■•"'■' I rately domiciled In a house 

ii- browu brick „,„..,, ,,,„„ , |u . nii( sMr ;|f 

NiiMi'? ( ?i' l ' , 'r,' 1 ;'' Wl ?'' r ' ,h " ttBW « of the Prime 

Mintete -to deUghtful a characteristic attributable 

•>. taste a* sunpii.,,, of furniture and decora- 

"°ns, the quality of the pictures, and to an atmos- 

','"'' ; l: '.""- :l "- v associates with Cabinet conn- 

;,,;;;,'„.;;;•'" ***** e *» «*• British Empire and 

To go no farther Into the pas! than August of 

1 '.' • u "" " ."■='« determined to draw the 

!r ,';;'";.'•'' l,u ' ,ii r ***** ***■ «"•■ 

,,,','•.'''' <si '" :,ki "- al Dublin) deftly 

tin ri., i the Kaiser's pel phrase. 

^ K Itf ^ ' " is '■-"■a'-aablo leader- 

Seven Years of Asquith 

TrranJhtee't,? bU1, T"**** the Parliamentary 

two ' , ' s " ilss "" hl l83 2, but i, took fifty- 

.'.:;'"" ;',""," "'" '"-"< «>mewha1 re- 
I ■".',, ,. :, ■*'• J2S*! tonrt reforms began with 



:uu] his Ballot Act tw 



Mrs. Asquith and Anthony Asquith, aged 
eleven —one of the Prime Minister's seven children 

1 s:l > '" ■• I emphatically that the British Government's 
one desire. s .) far as American opinion is concerned 
is '«» keep the White Paper fresh In mind; that Amer- 
l,;l " l:l > llul come to say. as certain German writers 
;|,I,,;|,|V have suggi ed, that the cause of the war 
or, hetier. the responsibility for the war has been 






the Irish Land Act in |s7 

years later. 

™ debate? 3T^J!?! *~ ™* ™ 

r..u» . , " I ,;ISS,, <1 lis second Home 

I he Z*Z ^ u gh the House <* Com > * » 

sixty years ''° ° f tte perIod l ®®^ aboul 

Mr AstM.m,' ,M {hv srVlM1 years of 

< t ontimtcd on /-//;■ :;l» » 






COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



' 





















s 



and 

the 



UT — " said Annie Doran, ceasing to click 
the keys. These were the last of the 
district president's letters, the private 

particular ones, which went straight onto 
feed roll without any carbon copies and 

stenographic notes, she looked up at her employer, 
busy fingers arrested by sonic inward puzzle, it was 
three-forty of a December afternoon; the late sun 
came in the office window and made the room merci- 
lessly light Tierney sat facing the full blaze of it. 
his desk littered with stationery of the United Mine 
Workers, his afternoon's letters waiting in a neat pile 
under his elbow ready to he signed. He frowned, pre- 
occupied and resenting interruption. 

"I haven't contradicted myself. For the Lord's sake, 

go on! It's my letter— "over a little private editing of 

the Westmoor tally sheets; for with the judges of 
election right everything goes.'" 
"But—" 

"Look here," said the district president in a sort of 
wonder. "What's gol into you? In two years I never 
knew you to mix in before." 

-It's just the opposite of the letter you sent the 
Mayor yesterday. They can't both he the truth." 

SAFE-DErOSIT ANNIE was nearly twenty-one, with 
a sweet little round face, rather pale from office 
heat, and -ray Irish eyes under long lashes. She was 

union labor horn and bred, as fast a stenographer as the 

Sisters' school had ever trained, and an efficient, confi- 
dential secretary to the president of Anthracite District 
B. But her peculiar fitness for her pest lay In rarer 

qualities. She had a memory as ordered as the British 
Museum and as absolute as the Babylonish tile books: 
her discretion was the size of the Great Pyramid ; and 

she never talked business. She smiled instead. It was 
a baffled emissary of the -Sun" who. getting smiles in- 
stead of oual-sTriko news, nicknamed her Safe Deposit 

Annie. In a year trade-unionists had made the sobriquet 

a fond, respectful tribute throughout the coal regions. 

-I know what I'm saying. Joe's safe. <:<> ahead." 
Annie's great, honest eyes regarded him. "But"-— 

she motioned toward the typewriter— "what's the good 
of going on signed paper two different ways Thursday 

and then Friday? Our local unions vole next Tuesday. 

And suppose the Sunday papers — " 

HE whistled. 
"It wouldn't do to allow Shea quite that handicap 

on me. would it? Skip Westmoor. then. Go on. pleas. 
'This using my locals in county politics has been a 
grand thing for holding the interest, so we are all paid 

up for twenty-seven thousand men. I am starting in 

an hour for Atlantic City to meet the new board very 
quietly, and most likely will mail this in New York. 
With good wishes, very truly yours—' There, that's 
safe and sane enough for anybody. For I certainly 
don't intend to quit being president of this district till 

I'm something bigger." 

'•AllV" queried she. fingers resting. 

The door to the corridor opened, interrupting them. 

Tierney took from a messenger boy a sealed note. 




E 




JOHNSON 



ILLUSTRATED BY PAUL STAHR 



I . 










• • 



••All fight. No answer," he told tin- boy. after a 

glance at the folded Sheet in the envelope. lb' closed 
the door, slipped on the spring latch, and crossed In 

stand by the typewriter in the window. 

'Annie." he said in a changed voice, "read that. Do 
yon know what thai name— stands for?" 

••(h. how wonderful! — thai is. If you're sure. It 

couldn't be a newspaper trap?" 

''It's no "trap. I've had a hint that he might want 

to see me. And since the county elections — it means 

I'm somebody to deal with. He never tinkers with 

small fry." 

"To call him up at a pay station at a drug store. 

though !" 

"What kind of a story would it start for him to 1" 

coming here? < >r me go to ins room at tin- hotel".' 
There isn't a workingman in the country wouldn't 

holler I'd been asked my price. Tve got to meet him 

without anybody's knowing it. Exactly what time is 

it now'.'" Miss Doran looked through the dun and 

golden mists overhanging the town, and barely made 
out the clock tower. "Four-seventeen, about." 

"Waiting two minutes now:" Tierney stepped to 
the telephone and called a number from the paper in 

his hand. In the booth at the corner drug stoic ;it 
the upper end of the city a man was evidently wait- 
ing; for his response was instant. 

"Yes." said Tierney. "This is the party you wished 

to speak to. I've just got your not< — at four-seventeen 

instead of fifteen. Yes. Yes- 



II 



w 



[ILE he listened, his stenographer made envel- 

pes ready and busied herself with the rOUtlft 

papers needing signature before the leader should leave 
his district. The summons to Atlantic City was Im- 
portant, a recognition of the man. But this other 
unsought conversation transcended any honor Dis- 
trict B had won before. Her eyes shone and her 
hands wavered a little with young elation as she cov 
ered her machine. "I'd expected to take the five-five 
limited to New York," TIerney's voice said, answering 

the murmur Of the wire. "I dare say you know halt' 
:l dozen men an- going t<> the seashore to consult on 
ways and means. The\ sent for me." 
"Possibly." 

"No, none of the Country Club servants knows me." 
he admitted with a laugh. Social vanity was not hi 

besetting sin. "Safest thin- VOU know, unless there's 

;i reporter fellow dodging after yon. But somebody'll 

have jo meet me. I don't know the road into the place." 

"Little card room in the basement. Nine-thirty. 

Yes." 

"Oh. I can arrange. Auto, yon say. Where?' 

"Yes, the corner of Tuck and Franklin is quiet, if 
that suits yon. I'll be on hand. There are some other 
trains; it's only a six hour trip, and I can show up 

down there in the morning early. Yes. I understand 

that." He hung lip the receiver. 

••Annie." he said, standing with his back to the In- 
strument, "yon and I will have to put up a bluff of 

going to New York on the Limited at five. I didn't 
expect to need yon. But I will.*' 

"Oh. I'd rather not, Mr. Tierney! Can't you—" 



ti 




END for that hackman that scouts for the news- 
papers and have him take over your machine Into 

the baggage room right away," planned the president 
rapidly, not even hearing her remonstrance, "and get a 

'Chronicle' reporter on hand at the station to surprise 
and annoy me v^vy much. We'll be early. We'll lake 

a stateroom and begin dictating like 'all-get-out'; and 

they'll see my hat on the rack with a New York ticket 
in it, and draw their own conclusions. Have to lose 
that hat: yon wouldn't want to be bothered. Say, 
what's the matter'.'" 

"I don't want to go to-night I suppose I can't tell 

my folks, can 1 V" 

''Certainly not. Here. I'll sign those. Whatever hap- 
pens, nobody's to find out about the Country Club. 

He's a big man. and I'm a little 'un, yet: and he'd 

have my hide on the fence in a week if anything hap 
pened that he thought i'dleaked. No,sir! iTou'vegotto 

post those letters for me in New York and say nothing. 

-I had a date. 1 was going to tin- theatre to-night. 

And if I don't come home, nor explain ahead to—" 
Her round, childish face darkened with trouble. 
The labor lender, she knew well, needed the protec 

tion of that trip to New York to mask his evening's 
Interview. Cornelius Shea, his organization rival, kept 

satanically well posted as to his every look and word. 



»» 






"Matt Tierney's no silk stocking!" cried the "Chronicle 
man. " That's the miner of it! It'ud he like him. Hut 
would he want it known? My crimes, what a story! 



.. 



The gentlemanly league of mine owners some- 
times spent money to have him shadowed and 

sometimes not. ;i^ the fitful spirit moved them. 

Reporters were always dangerous, worse than 
ever since Tierney's late excursion into county 
politics. Finally, the greatness of the great man him- 
self was like ;i huge electric sign in mid city. 

"You could think up some other way of being seen 

on the train, couldn't yon. without me?" 

HE SHOOK his head. His mind wove on to guard 
that evening's consultation. With a strike of the 
coal miners probable \'<>r April, and national conven- 
tions of all the political parties meeting in early sum- 
mer to choose candidates for the White House, even 

small secrets like the district president's comings and 
goings became news worth spying out. Tierney. the 

leader, meant to snatch his followers some greater or 
less advantage out of this winter's strifeof part les. Also. 
Tierney the man, in an unreasoned sort of way, some- 
times experienced five minutes' consuming jealousy of 

a tall young limb of the law who took Annie Doran — 

the office's Safe-Deposit Annie— to plays and parties. 
This jealousy stung him now. it made him crafty. 
You're tired of being District B's good angel, then?" 

"That's silly talk." 

"Annie." he said with earnestness, leaning forward 
over the papers on her table, "in two years you've 

arned the mime they call you, right enough — Safe- 

Deposit More'n that, besides. I think you've kept me 

ont of some shabby deals, unnecessary lies, ami easy 

money. I know 't isn't personal. It's for our cause. 

Now to-day can't you see me through?" 

"But so long as I can't say yon didn't go — " 

"Yon mean the lawyer's jealous of the faithful way 

you stick to your job and don't tittle-rattle? Lord: 

lb- must be far gone !" 

"Who said I was talking about Larry Glidden?" 

I don't want to queer you. But you've been to all 

the conventions with me: and who said a word? I 
don't booze. I'm a steady old boss. None of the re- 
porters raked up any reason, did they, why I wasn't 
a tit person to hire Safe-Deposit Annie tor my work?" 

THE girl still hesitated. "How about it?" 
"You can always make ;i thing sound easy when 

you want to: I wouldn't take it just on that. Bur 

you've got more at stake than I have." 

"It's my big day. and a slip would smash me. 
Annie, we haven't much time. I'll telephone the sta- 
tion and reserve the room. Or do VOU refuse to go?" 

"For the convention." she insisted, "we told every- 
body beforehand, and we didn't go at night. Don't 

you see a difference'.'" 

"I see. all right But who else'll help my bluff of 

getting out of town, if you won't? Besides, you can 

come Up on the sleeper and get breakfast, in the sta- 
tion, and be here on the job when the nosey ones come 

round to Spy." 

"I think that would be worse than going on to At- 
lantic City and meeting you there." 

-Yes. or no'.'" said Tierney. hand upon the telephone. 



*» 



. .v...:// 



* * 




Dec. 5 



8 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



I 




"Listen! Whafs that buy call- 
ing? It's an extra." Out in the 

corridors of the building home- 
going men and girls were run- 
ning and exclaiming. A boy was selling papers. " 'Dis- 
aster at the rortdale!' IVe got to get one. Wait!" 
Annie Doran was still weighing and doubting when 
her employer returned. He shut the door behind him 
and went to stand at the window space, facing the 
smoky sunset. The paper hung from his hand 






* C 



'"pHE whole day shift, near two hundred men ! It's 
A my old mine. I know the place and I know 
they re trapped. And, my God, here I'm going to see 
that human mint to-night in an automobile at a Coun- 
try Club, while up inside the mountain there they're 
tryin to stay alive in the smoke, makin' a fight of it ' 
That's where I ought to be ! I know the workings, and 
they U be short of help. Most of the bosses are inside." 
Its a fire ? " 

"Fans down, roof falling, three explosions! Oh I 
tell you, it'll be one of the worst horrors we've had 'if 
it isn't taken just right from the first ; and how can 
it he If the bosses are in it? They've sent for the 
mine Inspector of this district"-be flourished the 
ne™paper-«to dIr <*< operations! And this noon 
« he I went tor my dinner I met him out here so 
drunk he couldn't direct his own feet'" 

"Don't, Mr. Tierney. This time you can't go," said 
twcn, -year-old Annie firmly. "My own father was 
k lied in the mines ; the others tried to help him. but 

BnT y rcan. t go!" ; " ' *** What *» ^ *"<"* 

som^'ack'ormy fL-" ,K ' S ' **" ** W WUh 
"But he— the man to-night— would think you did it 

col'derT* 1Um - YOU ' Ve SOt thousands ° f m - ^ 

"I know just where the gas gathers. A stranger 
don't By midnight the long slope will kindle and 
there's no real second opening to the split vein'- fs 
early work or none. Why, I worked in that mine 
seven years, and I tell you those men arc my old 
butfos and my friends! What do I care for politics 

and bankers, against getting the boys out alive?" ' 

' YSS ^ ****** we w »at my job was" said 
X Safe-Deposit Annie after a minute, "and I hated 

it because it was tricky, and I didn't want to do it not 
for any cause. See?" She began to pin on her hat 
I in going to put mine through. How 'bout yourself' 
We're near train time." ' 

The district president had not set himself to school 
to experience for nothing. Temperament, the tradi- 



tions of courage, the trained miner's instinctive and 
unquestioning impulse to rescue mates underground, 
all unpolled him toward the burning mi,,,.. Coldreason 
ever a hangdog virtue to an Irishman, ordered him to 
his ofticia post. Yet Tierney, sitting in judgment 
managed it seemed, to give the case toxoid reason 

He walked to the telephone, called a hackman, and 
reserved a place on the Limited. The whole farce 
should be carried through. 

"tw!f T C '° WiS Y,' SP ° ke Amiie as the * v ,eft the office, 
hat if you possibly can, after you get through inter- 
viewing Mm up among the swells, you'd call up Larry 
from some safe telephone. Tell him I've been sent 
ahead on the five o'clock and couldn't nodfy Mm 
about the theatre. And tell him you're going lat™ 
It 11 be a weight off my mind." 

I'lMry"' 8 ^ * ake rlSUS '" Said Tiel ' Dey absently, "But 

QX SATURDAY at nine Miss Doran was at her 
V^ place m the office-rather heavy-eyed, rather 

heavy-hearted, but outwardly mistress of events She 
had begun her day with calling up Atlantic City on 
the long-distance wire. Then there was plenty of cor- 
respondence to be attended to, especially letters to go 
to the hundred and thirty local unions of the presi- 
dency concerning Tierney's reelection on Tuesdav 
Miss Doran applied herself, with the realization that 
much depended on her tact. 

In the middle of the morning her stepfather walked 
into the office and sat down in a swivel chair. Dennis 
Callan was fat, windy, and important. Nature had 
framed him, twenty years too late, for a walkln- 
delegate of the old school ; In the modern trades-union 
he managed to live without manual labor, but never 

attained authority. "Where's his Nibs?" inquired this 

chunky person, swinging in the chair. 

"Went out of town last night on business." replied 
Annie, hammering on with a sentence 

"N*Yawk?" 

"Very likely." 

"Paterson ? Connecticut?" 

"I hardly think so." 

"What d'ye knowT" Dennis shot at her suddenly 

arm and Anger menacing. "Tell the truth, now'" " 

You know very well," said his stepdaughter calmly, 

that I don't talk about my job." 

"Where was you all last night? You weren't to 

your own home. And he wasn't to his boarding house 

where he belongs." 



"I was most of the time on 
trains. In Jersey City station 
two hours." 

Being'lmt tSTJSLZSL with t ^ JW"? 

£.**££ "sT i m -' ----- omcrr^i' 

upstairs ?v "7 1, ^^ with you ' s <*° a man 

c led ^aL Th : "n n ° m ^ lDg -" Shp ™«* off ^d 
"Is Mr Br,m! f " "Chronicle" answered her. 

-ill come Sh fSe" o £"«£* *?* ** If * e 

Block, we ha g ve «^ for t 7" iW" ** ^"^ 
This is Miss Doran talkh^" ^ternoon's paper. 

bacfto'L'Lar^e d S X "" Stefifather ' gol " S 

If there's nothlL „ " f t,l,k so oft ™ we're stale. 

««Jw SSLXS^ « « * »« York. 

<'ff to-day" 4,id thll sc »naal. I've got a lot to run 

tnesilenYe of ^office "** ^ macMne broke 



BRAITHE of the 
"Hello!" he cried joyouslv "tmi u 
*— - J^onsiy. i ij i, aV(1 ,. (l( , ink an(1 



afternoon paper came first. 



'Townsman' about me. -- • Shea has - lven «ie 



~e7rCniaJ Sn t'hen hat ,T ^ <»" He 

•— „,,•;,;::'::„: ?™, « a ^-f er ; f the 

copy, too? You don't fro to , Ton here tor the 

«oi rt»i.j«-r ;; r"c , n p,y,, « I,K th ""^ 

"Xesterday al'ternoon." ll( . h' '"' M ' SS D ° ran? " 
eyes wide. "Mr Tien,,,- begap - Sr eat . frank 

don't think I ough to sav w no Ca "f """"--own: I 
meeting with file otner Jabor " "i" ""' " W:,s '" il 

York. We bad lots of n, ,il J"'" U ' rs , "' v '"" 1 New 

four o'clock and Z°LnX^%^^T ^ UP t0 

Parlor car, ,,,,,1 sent my lv , , ,, to0k a r " oni on the 
go down the road L far L h e ^ TJ"' : " ,,, T W;,S t0 

back on the sleeper." needed ,,u ' '''"'1 come 

"I know," Braithe nodded "Di,i„- t t , 
a ghost while y„n were writi,,. ,, aUnt y "" like 

^u tell us where TieTney^enT?" ^^ ? But Wi " 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 



5 



19 14 



"I want you to find out. 1 To's disappeared." 
"Disappeared !" 

"Yes. After the train started I had a great slack 
of notes; and says he: 'That'll last an hour. Here's 

the Pullman conductor's money and the tickets. I'll go 

through and have a smoke.' And he went." 

""Why wouldn't he light up where he was?" Dougher 

demanded with a faint sneer. 

"We've tried, and it makes me terribly ear sick when 

I'm working fast. Mr. Sopwith, the conductor, knows 
us ami he gave me both our t rain checks. You see. we'd 
got word of that accident before we started ; it was Mr. 
Tierney's old mine; and he was wild to go up and help. 
Then at Newark Mr. Sopwith came back and said: 'I 
can't see your boss anywhere on this train!' And he 
wasn't, only his hat." 

"Business troubles?" 

"Not so far as I know. But the train made one extra 
and one regular stop between here and Newark." 

"You think he got off? Without, his hat'.'" 

"I don't know anything," said Safe-Deposit Annie 
with emphasis, "but yet I have a dread. It was his 
old mine. I'm afraid he slipped away and went back 
up to the Portdale." 

"By George!" The "Chronicle" man slapped his pad 
on the table. 

DOUCHER of the weekly was Massachusetts-born 
and new to the coal regions: lie did not sense 
motive or plausibility in such a theory. "You don't 
think that? Why should he? !><> the union officers 

have to report on accidents?" 

"Matt Tierney's no silk stocking!" cried the "Chron- 
icle" man. "That's the miner of it ! It'ud be like him. 
Bur would he want it known V Supposing he'd gone in 
with the helmet men. would he give his own name?" 

"He said he could dirty his face and nobody 'd know 
him; I remember now. Oh. Mr. Braithe. I wouldn't 
have said a word, only I can't leave here, and I've tele- 
phoned several places and can't lhid him. and the Port- 
dale's dangerous! And I feel as if that's where he 
is. It's terrible. And I'm so worried. I thought the 
newspapers had better find him." 

"My crimes, what a story ! And your locals are to 



vote him out on Tuesday, 80 1 bear. Talk aboul the 

wisdom of Solomon's dove!" 

"I'm not making up," remonstrated Miss Doran. 

Her eyes were dark with pain under those incompara- 
ble lashes. 

"No, no. no, I know it ! I'll look into it, you bel ! 
Dougher. we've just two minutes to go down in the 
elevator and walk a block for the next Portdale car. 
I don't mean to miss it." 

"Good-by," said Safe-Deposit Annie. "And do tele- 
phone me if you find one trace. I expect 1 here's an 
awful confusion up there now. The poor women!" 

As the door closed she sighed, put her palms across 

her forehead repeatedly as if brushing away some 
weary vision, and returned to the eternal lettered keys. 

Outside in the corridor the postman whistled and 
poked a letter through the door slot. It was for Annie, 
and the writing kindled in her an eagerness clear as 

a flame. Matt Tlerney had been thoughtful, then, and 

Larry did understand! She tore it open. 

Out fell her note accepting his invitation for the 

theatre last night. No other word. 



<< 




T'S your chance; decidedly, it's your chance," said 
the District Attorney to Larry (Hidden. 

And Larry nodded somberly, it was bis chance, the 

step long waited for, the task which, well done, would 
insure practice and reputation. He intended to use it 
with all the brains there were in him: but sometimes 
chances come to a man a week too late. 

"All right. If he's crooked, he's got to take his 

medicine. That Shea's a crook himself, though." 

"The curious point is. Tierney reelected me last fall. 

Afterward he gave me ;i list of six youngish lawyers ho 
wanted me to pick from when the county needed extra 
counsel. You were the only one I cared to consider in 

these election frauds." 

"Why me?" Larry demanded bluntly. "Why me?" 

"I had been smoking a par-ti-ou-lai ly good cigar 
after a par-ti-ou-lar-ly good dinner," said that gentle- 
man, matching his finger tips with extreme precision, 

"and rending a little Juvenal. Juvenal stimulates my 
faculty of irony. Being so stimulated, my faculty of 
irony decided me to put the matter in your hands. 



•» 



rou have moderate abilities : the least moderate of the 
six. sbe.-i promises to bring the Grand Jury evidence 

<»f about ten kinds of conspiracy and fraud in every 
elect ion prerinet in Westnioor, with Tierney in the docu- 
ments every time. Therefore, when you appear, con- 
sider the shock to leader Tierney! Always assuming, 
of course, that the Grand Jury can agree with Shea. 

"You think he*s skipped." 

"Tierney? Yes." 

"What for? And what from?" 

"It's my personal belief." said the District. Attorney 
mildly, "that all labor leaders have something to skip 
from. It may not be a felony. Or it may—" 

"He never struck me as the skipping kind." 

"The question of motive seems obscure. Hut that is 

one thing that you, with his best enemy's help, are 
to look into." 

"There'd have been no election charges if he'd been 
here. His fellows 'ud swear anything for him: I be- 
lieve they pray to him. He's too clever to vanish in 

advance." 

"Ah." said the elder, rather bored. "Just so. You 
are retained, then, to go into this case. Have it ready 
for presentment in four days. By the way. the fore- 
man is a strong Tierne.vite. You'll have to look sharp 
or he'll summon defense witnesses in spite of you. 
That young female Bonaparte of a stenographer, for 

one. with the eyelashes." 

Xo topic in the world was sorer. Larry (Midden re- 
tired from the prosecutor's Office in disorder. And to 
think that, even two weeks ago. this chance might 
have meant marriage with Annie! 



it 



Y 



OU'RE Miss Doran, private secretary to the said 

Matthew Tierney?" Inquired the foreman of the 
Grand Jury. lie knew perfectly well that she was. 

'"Yes. sir." 

"Did you ever see this? Or this'.'" 

Shea and (Hidden, from opposite corners and oppo- 
site motives, sprang forward in protest But the fore- 
man was too quick for them, and some letters were in 
Annie's hands. Young (Hidden sat down, well aware 
that an objection after the fact would prejudice such 

jurors as were still (Continued on page 27) 
























tc 



N 



OW Will you be good?" said (Hies Iludders to 

himself. He also blushed as he spoke— under 

a month-old stubble of beard. The husky bar- 

of a basement saloon had just kicked him out 

place for putting bread and bologna into his 

a great breach of etiquette in West Street ; 



BY LEON MEAD 

ILLUSTRATED BY HOWARD V.BROWN 



tender 
of the 

pocket _ 

and though Giles had sinned darker sins, and been 
punished more heavily, he felt as bashful as a girl 

over the misadventure. 

The raw February day was drawing to a close, an 
icy rain was falling, and the tattered garments of the 
penniless one were soon drenched. The discomfort 
ensuing did not add to the beauty of Giles Rudders, 
though I must tell you that he was the possessor of a 
pair of exceedingly handsome blue eyes. Oddly enough 
they looked in the mottled face of him, those forget- 
me-not blue eyes, like retlected stars in dirty water. 

ON AM) OX he went, the poor scarecrow, thinking 
of his misspent life. What a slop he had made of 
it all ! What debauches! As a common sailor he had 
breathed the salty whiffs of the Seven Seas; the scars 
on his neck were souvenirs of a tight, all but to the 
death, in a low dive in Singapore: and once for more 
than twelve months, along witli other worthless dere- 
licts, he had been a slouch of a beach comber on an 
island in the South Pacific. He had spreed in many 
I)orts __Lord. in what filth hadn't he waded! And now- 
after fifteen years of this shady career— fifteen dear, 
lost years!— what was there left to him for hope or 

happiness? 

So he mused, Giles Hudders, waster of the fruit- 
ful seasons, and at last, his teeth clicking like cas- 
tanets, his shoulders humped with the cold, he came 

to a great lumberyard bordering on a cross street. 

Tt was in the days before skyscrapers had so quaintly 

.•hanged New York's skyline, and altered so much of 
the picturesqueness of poor districts. Scattered homes 
Of the wee two-story sort— the sort that hangs the 

wash at the windows— and the big lumberyard held 

this street for their own. At the foot of it. was the 
river, made romantic now by a passing ferryboat, 
dazzling with lights. It seemed a friendly quarter, 

and <;n<'s Hudders was a believer in luck. Going up 

to the locked gate of the lumberyard he gazed wist- 
fully and vet appraisingly through the bars. The 
aromatic smells of cedar and pine boards came grate 
fully to his Wheezing nostrils; and far down the tan- 




" Have a hunk of 
bread and a mug 
of coffee, " con- 
tinued the 
watchman 
more 
gently 





bark path, between two rows of the fresh 

high-piled lumber, he could see a glimmer of \ 

light Presently the watchman, lantern in hand. 
approached the gates and Giles hailed him: 
"Say, pardner, what's the matter with giving 

me a night's sleep under the boards? I'm dead 
tired and froze and soaked to the bono. I won't 
do any harm." 

John Clegg, the watchman, examined the shivering 



suppliant with doubtful eyes. Finally he said: "You 
are a pretty hard -looking bum. but I don't like to see 
any poor cuss in need of shelter on a night like this. 
I'll let you in. but it's against the rules. Now. none 
of your hobo tricks or you'll get the worst of it.'* 

The gate was unlocked and pulled grudgingly open 
to lot Giles pass through- "If you are hungry, I can 
let you have a hunk of bread and a mug of coffee," 
continued the watchman more gently. "Come along.'* 

PUTTERING his thanks. Giles trailed after the cus- 
todian to a small shack on wheels. There, when 
braced by substantial food, he unfolded some of the 
dour particulars of his life, swearing repeatedly that 

he was ready to reform the minute the world gave him 

a chance. John Clegg seemed to think that he spoke the 

truth. lit' nodded sympathetic- 
ally to the dismal tale — which 
included a blighted romance — 
and then pointed out a big box. 
a tremendous box, lying some 

distance away on its side, as 

a possible home for (Jiles until 
he COUld get on his feet. 

"It's sizable enough to live in, 
I guess." said the watchman. 
"ami you kin stay if you ain't 
messy with matches. But you 
must cut out the booze. The 
first time you come in here with 
a jag I'll turn you out of the 
yard for fair." 

(Jiles pledged himself to rigid 
temperance, and John Clegg. 
not without plain misgivings. 
led him to what might pass for 
the doorway of his new home. 
It was indeed a mighty box. a 
box far larger than would suf- 
fice to hold a pair of grand 
pianos: for what purpose it had 
been built always remained a 
mystery to (Jiles. There it was, 
a box big enough to live in, a 
brown stone front and a corner 

of Paradise in one to a home- 
less man. Into the blessed 
haven the wanderer stepped, 







10 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 
















"The superintendent had at last found out 



>' 



finding to his delight that the top boards were a foot 
or more above bis head, and the whole interior more 
extensive even than he had fancied. 

"Seems like a gentleman's estate to me." grinned 
Giles, adding chokingly that he did not know how he 
could ever repay his kind friend. 

The watchman seemed pleased with his manners — 
truth to tell he had taken an immediate fancy to the 

blue-eved stranger. "Guess there's a couple of blankets 

I can let you have." he announced presently; and be- 
fore they parted for the night these benefits had been 
increased by the loan of a quarter and the gift of a 
quite decent overcoat. 

PROVIDENCE may like a little joke sometimes 
when helping a man find his lost decency. At any 
rate, with his first night in that box of hitherto un- 
known uses. Ciles found his old grit returning to him 
like the waters of a breaking dam. Getting up with 
the first sparrow the next morning, he made some- 
thing of a toilet, and after a breakfast of hot coffee 
and German ring at a cheap bakery, he fared forth in 
search of a job. He was lucky enough to find one as 
sandwich man at seventy-five cents a day; and that 
very afternoon, and for months to come, he could be 
seen trudging up and down Fourteenth Street ex- 
ploiting the miraculous cures of a corn doctor. 

The pride of the householder increased with his 
occupancy of the box, and seldom did he wend his way 
homeward without carrying something of use or orna- 
ment for his domicile. One of his first purchases was 
a second-hand oil stove, a cooking stove; and gradually 
through unflagging search of the ash cans and dump 
heaps that lay along his homeward route, he accumu- 
lated a queer assortment of culinary implements and 
dishes. Then he bought a barrel of dried peas, from 
a handful of which with water and the proper season- 
ings, he could concoct a really delicious soup. Thus he 
was always sure of something good to eat. and at a 
cost of about two cents a meal. But Giles was not 
so miserly as to deprive himself of bread or even of 
pie — not to mention other good things. 

OX SUNDAYS he pottered about the big box, doing 
odd jobs. lie now had a pass key to the side gate 
of the yard, and the only man he avoided meeting was 

the superintendent; he it was to be feared would not 
approve of a squatter on the premises. Giles went, on 

with his plans, however, as if lie expected to remain 
there the rest of his life. With red and black paint 
he lettered at one end of the interior of the box — still 
open at one side to the elements — the inscription: 

"God Bless Our Home"; and at the other end: "Be 
Virtuous And You Will Be Happy." And on the out- 
side, in the grandest letters of all, he painted the 
splendid name of his mansion : 

LUMBERHURST BY THE RIVER 

To the lanes between the piles of lumber he like- 
wise gave pretty names ; the one on which his man- 
sion faced he called Paradise Avenue, and that at 
right angles to this he christened Water Street be- 
cause it was on the way to the pump. When May 
came Giles planted posy seeds about, his house, nas- 
turtiums and larkspur and asters and morning-glories, 
and in due time these came to thrifty bloom. 

■ 

MEANWHILE not only was he furnishing his home, 
but he managed to save more than half his earn- 
ings, placing the money in a savings bank that gave 3*4 
per cent interest. He was still a sandwich man, but 
he had lately risen to a Broadway jolt with better pay. 
Early in his reformed life, too. he had made a great 
change in his appearance by the purchase of a sec- 
ond-hand outfit of clothes, including hat and shoes. 
His beard was now glossily luxuriant, and his skin 



clear; and every night throughout the sum- 
mer he would take a bath in the river from 
a near-by wharf. In a word. (Mies Hudders 
had begun to live up to the promise of his 

starry eyes. 

/iS THE days shortened toward autumn 
j[\ the master of Lumborhurst proceeded 
to make great improvements on his prop- 
erty. First he dug a miniature cellar at 
the back of the box and built a little lean-to 
kitchen over it: then he cut a doorway in 
the box wall for easy access to his culinary 
department, fitting this with a trim sliding 
door that worked sidewise. After this he 
sided up the whole front of the box— which 
had once been its top— and then put in a 
door and two tiny windows, using waste 
scantlings in the yard by permission of the 
watchman. When completed, his house 
Showed a fine assortment of old tin over its 

roofing— some of the tomato-can sort, melted 
.,,,.,,.( ;m( | hammered Hat -and ;i tiny porch, 

*" whose roof was no more and no less than 

the iron-bound top of a big trunk which 

some shiftless home in the street had dis- 
gorged upon the sidewalk. It was a neigh- 
borhood for rich findings, and all was gold 
that fell into the hands of Giles Hudders. 
lately of the homeless world. 

One evening the superintendent, who had at last 
found out about the squatter, came to view the odd 
abode. Giles was reading a newspaper by the light 
of his neatly kept lamp, when the door opened, and 
fancying his caller to be only John Clegg, he called 

out merrily : 

"Here's a bit in the paper about how to tell a mad 
dog. Well, I haven't anything to tell a mad dog that 
I can't communicate by postal card or telegraph." He 
found out his mistake in a moment and stood re- 
spectfully as his guest seated himself. It was a psy- 
chological moment, but Giles Hudders was equal to it. 
The arbiter of his fate was amused with his shanty 
—amused, even a little impressed by its blue-eyed 

master. 

"Why, I'd like to live in this shack myself," laughed 

the superintendent, though he had come round with 
the express purpose of kicking the squatter into the 
street. "Now who would think it was in you — to 
want a home so much !" 

-Yon can't judge a Turk by his nose, sir," re- 
torted Giles; "he may be straight." His wit, stale as 
it was. seemed to suit the visitor, who went away 
telling Giles, whom he called Diogenes, that he could 
stay there as long as he behaved himself. 

INDEED. Giles did resemble the old Greek philosopher 
in more ways than one. He detested the fair sex and 
fancied that he had good rea- 
son for it, though the poignant 
memories of his long-ago ro- 
mance had been much blurred 
by subsequent dalliances and 
hardships; he lived in a box, 
which is the next thing to a 
tub, and if he did not go about 
the streets with a lantern 
looking for an honest man he 
had found very little honor in 
his world-wide farings; then 
he was a good deal of a philos- 
opher — and when he wished he 
could appear not only a gen- 
tleman but something of a 
scholar. In the many Ups 
and downs of his fortunes 
he had served as a butler 
in homes in Australia ami 
South Africa, where he had 
picked up many of the habits 
of genteel folk, and being pas- 
sionately fond of reading, he 

had a c q u i r e d considerable 

from books. 



GILES remembered that the 
ladies of his Massachu- 
setts home town had always 
added canned horse sorrel to 

their winter stores, and he de- 
termined to do likewise. So 
one Sunday he crossed the 
river to Fort Lee, where, 
about a mile back of the Pali- 
sades, he found a quantity of 

the green stuff, which, with 
vinegar and nasturtium seeds. 






"He peeped 
through one of 
the windows to 
see what Mary 

was doing 



he put up in glass jars. He also canned some pears 
and peaches — a damaged lot that he bought cheap. By 

November his little cellar was well stocked: and the 

interior of the box house looked very homelike with 
its magazine covers on the walls, a strip of linoleum 
on the floor, a conch, a table, two chairs, and a shelf of 

flowered disbos. 

In the evening with his lamp burnished to the nines, 



he read not only the news of the day, but books of 
history, romance, and poetry which he borrowed from 
a circulating library. He now felt very much as he 

had years before in his prime, when life held a 
goideii promise and was worth the living. The crav- 
ing for liquor and the wanderlust had left him at the 
same time, and he was not unmindful of how much he 
owed John Clegg. It was through the kindly ollices of 
this good friend that the space about his shack was kept 
free of lumber, and the house protected from the prac- 
tical jokes of the workmen who came into the yard. 

ONE Sunday afternoon Giles gave himself the pleas- 
ure of a city walk, fancying that he needed the 
exercise. He was dressed in a new set of hand-me- 
downs, with a purple aster from his posy bed in his but- 
tonhole; there was also a great peace in his heart, and 

he was still thinking of his benefits when he dropped 
down for a rest on a bench in Union Square. The 
flowers there had faded and over the bleak area a sharp 
wind was blowing. A few savage little sparrows were 
fighting for crumbs on the walk in front of him. 

Presently a woman sat down on the other end of the 
bench and it was not long before she turned her face 
toward Giles, staring at him with a puzzling intent- 
ness. Catching his eyes the lady looked away, this 
iving him a chance to examine her own points. There 
was something about her that was j. leasing — he could 
not tell what exactly. Yet there was rouge upon her 
lips and powder on her face, and with every move- 
ment her garments of rusty black, made in a cheap, 
fussy way. emitted a strident perfume. Like the 
flowers of the square she was faded, and her dark 
wind-blown hair was not tidy. 

Facing him again, the lady spoke. 

"Aren't you afraid of catching cold?" she asked in 
the bald manner of park-bench society. 

''I'm used to all kinds of weather," Giles returned 
affably. "But how about yourself?" A familiar 
quality in her voice having prompted a closer scrutiny, 
he was now looking at her with all his eyes, his heart 
doing some odd gymnastics. 

"The weather can't make any difference to me, any 
time," murmured the dingy coquette with a gulping 
sigh. "I've got to hustle for my life, rain or shine. 
Excuse me for being personal." she went on gravely : 
"but if you didn't have whiskers you'd remind me of 
a young fellow I used to know in .Massachusetts. He 
was too young to have a beard then — and he may be 
dead now for all I know." 

NOW almost sure of her identity, Giles sat for a 
moment speechless with emotion. Could this be- 
rouged and powdered drift of city benches — she even 
suggested the homelessness he had once known — could 
she be the sweet Mary Falconer to whom his hand 
and heart were pledged in the long ago? One thing 
would verify his surmise — a little brown mole behind 

the lobe of her left ear. Jump- 
ing from the bench he stepped 
quickly behind her. The little 
brown mole was still in the 
old place. 

"Mary I" he cried tremu- 
lously, "don't you know me? 
Don't you remember the clumsy 
lad who used to clerk in your 
father's grocery store in Cran- 
berry port? Why, we were en- 
gaged — and you threw me 
over." 

"Giles!" she gasped. 
"Yes." 

"oh, how you are changed; 
yet there's something about 
you I would know anywhere ! 
Didn't I say it? But your 
voice ; it didn't use to be so 
husky." 

"No." Giles shook his head 
regretfully. "I've ruined it 
with bad whisky. I've gone a 
hard pace, Mary." 

He was sitting close beside 
her now, and into her face, 
coarsened by time and bitter 
experience, had come a sudden 
look of beauty and fine feeling. 
Very pale she grew as Giles 
went on, telling her that he 
ought to hate her and couldn't 
now that he had met her again. 
"I guess you've paid for all 
you ever did to me." he con- 
cluded, watching her wistfully. 
"Von were just weak. Mary — ■ 
to run off with that swell cit.\ 
chap when you'd promised to marry me." 
A tear fell upon her powdered cheek. 
"Oh, Giles, if you only knew what I've been through, 
you'd pity me more," she returned brokenly. "That 
fellow Yanani had a strange power over me from the 
first; he pretended to be rich and I was fool enough 
to believe all his high-llown talk about the grandeur 
we'd live in after we were (Continued on page 30) 



t 




COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



11 




U3M 









ON AUGUST 5, L914, the British cruiser 
Drakt . acting upou explicit instructions 
from the Admiralty, hauled up from the 
floor of the Atlantic Ocean, to the easl of the 
Azores, two submarine cables. They were severed with 
an ;i\ ;iik1 the ends wore allowed to drop back Into tin 4 
sea. The cables were owned and operated by the German 
Cable Company. They connected Germany with North 
and South America. The idea in cutting them was to 
forestall any attempt that mighl be made by command- 
ersof < Jerman war vessels in foreign waters (<> communi- 
cate with Berlin, and prevent the Naval Department 
(here from sending thom orders and instruct ions. 

Scattered over the seven sons or in ports at the four 

corners of the earth at that time there were eleven 
German war vessels. With but one exception each was 
hundreds (and some were thousands) of miles from an- 
other ship of the German navy. The British calculated 

that it \v<>ul<l be a simple matter to moot and anni- 
hilate one after the other of the enemy's ships after 

they had succeeded in cutting them off from Berlin. 

Under Sealed Orders 

GERMANY, however, had anticipated having its 
ships abroad isolated more than live years before 
the present war began, and the most remarkable set 
of naval plans ever formulated automatically went 
into effect the instant war clouds began to hover on 

the German horizon. Before l go any further with 

this narrative, and in view of the facts that I am 
about to disch.se. it should be emphatically understood 
that I have no sympathies with either one side or the 
other. This article is based upon fact, not fiction, and 

I shall set down the facts as they exist. 

Just before the war began there was not a port of 
any consequence on the face of the earth wherein there 

was not a merchant vessel with the red. white, and 

black flag of Germany flying at its stern. 

When it was apparent that there was a chance that 

Germany might go to war. approximately a score of 
these German-owned vessels quickly secured clearance 
papers for German ports and hurriedly steamed out to 
sea. They took no passengers and only those members 

<>f the crew who were able-bodied German citizens were 

kept aboard. For all the governments of the world and 
maritime men knew, the ships steamed directly for 

the ports they had cleared for. It was presumed that 

they had hurried their departure t" save themselves 

from being interned if they were in neutral ports. 
or from being captured, if they were in ports belong- 
ing to the nations allied against the Fatherland. 

Then war was declared, the cables were cut. and the 
cable companies and news associations immediately 

ceased to get reports of foreign shipping. No one 

knew whether this ship or that one had arrived safely 

at its destination. There was no menus of knowing. 

At the same time practically every (Jerman warship 

in foreign waters steamed out to sea. Some of them 

had, of course, communicated with Berlin before the 

cables were cut. but the majority of (hem had no op- 
portunity to ask for or receive instructions. 

Each ship's commander had in his possession, how- 
ever, a sealed package. When he received it he was 

told that the package was not to be opened under any 

circumstances unless Germany went to war. So as 

each of Germany's ships steamed for the open sea the 
commander opened his sen led package. In it he 
found, among other things, a map of the world. 

Who's Where and Why 

ON THIS limp, at what represented remote and un- 
t raveled parts of the ocenns, he found little black 
dots. At other parts of the Chart he found tiny crosses 

marked with hh\ ink. A key th.it accompanied the map 
informed him that the black dots represented spots 

where coal, provisions, and men to complete the com- 
plement of his command might be found. One of the 
red crosses marked the spot in the ocean he must 
hurry to with all possible speed. Others marked spots 



BY NORMAN DRAPE 




-"-'I ''>f<««>i<nfrn 



N 



Captain von Mulltr of the Plucky Emden 

Terror of the Seven Seas till battered by the Australian cruiser 
Sydney, and run aground on Cocos Island, in the Indian Ocean 

where the warships were to mobilize or where lie was 

to go if he could not reach the first cross. Further- 
more, he was instructed to keep out of sight of land 
and away from the steamship lanes, and not upon any 

condition t<> give the position of his ship should it be 
come necessary to use the wireless. 

A Grave in the Blue 

OW consider the German merchantmen who sped 

away at the first Intimation of n possible war. 

nut of sight of lnnd'they scattered, each in a different 
direction. The commander of each vessel, a member of 
tin* German naval reserve, also had in his possession 

a map of the world, which had been furnished him by 

tin' Government. On it he found no crosses in red ink 
and Imi one black dot on the areas of green repre- 
senting the sea. That spot was his objective. And he 
crowded on all steam to get there. < >n<v his observa- 
tions showed that he was directly at the point repre- 
sented upon his Charl he ordered the engines stopped, 
the fires banked, if it could he done with safety, and a 
sea anchor cast out if the depth of the water was too 
great to permit the lowering of a kedge. Then he 
Settled himself down to await developments. 

Generally developments came quickly in the shape 

of a long gray warship, the Prussian naval flag whip 
ping from the mast at its stein and a forced draft 
spurting a column of smoke from its funnels. 

If the warship needed a small quantity of coal, n 

secured it from the anchored merchant man and went 
on its way. If it needed a large quantity of coal or 



ty provisions and men to bring tin- crew up t.. 
M\ a war basis, the coal and provisions and men. 

and anything else of value, were transferred 

from the merchantman to the war vessel. 

Then the steamer was sent to the bottom Of the sen 1 

the warship's guns, or a charge of explosive placed 

where it would tear a hole in her hull below the water 
line. Germany would rather send the ships of Its mer- 
chant marine to the belt. -in than risk having them fall 
into the hands of the enemy. 

Cap tains Courageous 



THE plan has been well carried out. 
the German ships to sail the seas a 



It has enabled 
and prey on ship- 
ping of the allied nnt ions on a scale never even believed 

possible. It has reduced to a minimum the danger of 
capture or of meeting with an overwhelming force of 

the enemy. While the British ships have been making 
their way in and out of harbors all over the world ami 

having their whereabouts reported, the Germans have 

been slinking far out to sea, awaiting a chance to 
strike at a merchant ship, and then scuttle off to a 
base ship, as the German naval Officers call these ves- 
sels that anchored on the war map's black dots, and 
replenish their supply of men. coal, or provisions. The 

plan also called for the ultimate mobilization of these 

ships. Every move they have made since the begin- 
ning of the war was mapped out at least throe years 

ago. The majority of moves were determined even 

two years before that. Of the act inn of these -<liips as 
:i unit more is t<> be said later. 

of all the Kaiser's ships in foreign waters, the 

Vumberg lias had the most remarkable career since 

this war began. lh>r log would furnish a lesson for 

many a naval officer who considers himself a master 
in the art of strategy. 



• 



The Guile of the German Tar 

OX AUGUST 5 the Nurnfterg was somewhere in the 
vicinity of the island of Yap, which, until it was 

captured by theJapanese, was Germany's wireless base 

in tin* Pacific. From that day until September 7 not 

a single ship other than those flying the German Bag 
spoke her. on September 7 some Englishmen saw tin 
cruiser, but they didn't get a chance to let the world 

know about it. although they were the officials and 

operators of the English-owned cable connecting Van- 
couver, British Columbia, and Australia. They were on 

Fanning Island, which is located almost in the center 

of the Pacific Ocean. On the date referred to the Eng- 
lishmen on the island saw a warship living the French 

flag, accompanied by a collier, approaching the shore. 
The Englishmen were quite overjoyed at the prospect 

of entertaining the men of Prance, and some of them 
set out in a launch to welcome the visitors. 

About that time two cutters full of sailors put 
off from the warship and headed inshore. As th< 
sailors were jumping from the cutters into the waist- 
deep water off the beach the tricolor of France was 
suddenly hauled down from the mast and the naval 
flag of Germany, eagle and all. run up in its place. At 
the same time a piece of canvas that had been hanging 
over the warship's stern was raised to the deck, and th 

name Vurnberg in gold letters two feci high blazed out 
The N umber g Turns Another Trick 

HE guns of the cruiser were trained on the island 
and covered the operations of the landing party. 

which promptly seized the cable headquarters. The 

Operators and officers, among them some of the men 

who had gone out in the launch, but who had returned 
hastily upon seeing the German flag, were lined up and 

placed under guard. The shore end of the cables was 
located and destroyed with dynamite. Then the sailors 
smashed the cable instruments with sledge hammers 
and blew up the engine room, the dynamo room, and 

the boiler room. Tapers transferred from the office to 
the wardroom of the Niimberg revealed that spare 
Instruments, arms, {Continued on page 22) 



T 







12 

























v 













Mexico 

IT IS A PITY thai considerations of propriety compel many per- 
sons and papers which earnestly disagree with Wilson aboul his 
.Mexican course to keep silent on the subject; Affairs in Mexico 
are in a ycvv bad way. They are likely to grow worse. When a man 
expresses the belief thai Wilson's course in Mexico lias been wrong, 

it is instantly assumed thai the critic favors armed intervention. In 
the case of thoughtful critics thai is exactly the opposite of the truth. 
It is jnsi because Wilson's course was sure to bring intervention 
that we regard it as wrong. It is intervention to tell a nation whom 

it shall not have and whom il shall have as its ruler. WlLSOlS came 

into office and found a Government in Mexico. Within two weeks he 
set about destroying that Government. Necessarily, this placed upon 
him the responsibility for what happened after the existing (lovem- 
ment was destroyed. Jlis purpose to drive Querta and the existing 

Government ou1 of power proved to he less easy to accomplish than 
he hoped for in the beginning. After months passed, and he was 

still unsuccessful, affairs were going Prom had to worse. Wilson was 

driven to make an alliance with Villa; in our judgment, historians 
will describe this alliance with Villa as an appalling act. Through 

Wilson's aid, Villa was raised to power. What Villa has done 

with his power — the whole record of murder and rapine in .Mexico 

during the pasl few months— has not been told. American newspapers 
have refrained largely out of consideration for the Administration; 
moreover, as news, the events in .Mexico have been overshadowed by 
the events in Europe. Why not admit frankly thai the Administra- 
tion's course was a mistake? 1 1 was an honest mistake. .More, it 

was a high-minded mistake. At the time, when it first promised 

success, it was extravagantly praised. The delect in it. as it now 
turns out. was an amateurishness in statesmanship. Why continue 
to assume thai the course chosen by the Administration could have 
only one outcome, and that the perfect one? Why not admit thai it: 
had to be a gamble, that there was a chance of its ending badly, 
and Unit, in the cast of the die, if did turn out badly? 

Murder 

OST OF T1IK ATEOCITIES that the Germans have committed 
in Belgium have been excused by them on the ground that it 
was merely revenge for what they call sniping. What sniping is, is 
described clearly by the war correspondents. When German soldiers 
break into a Belgian farmer's home and seize his food and treat his 
women brutally, and the farmer defends himself with arms, that is 
sniping. The Germans punish it by shooting, as a warning, not only 
the farmer involved, but several score of his neighbors. When a Belgian 

farmer, without uniform, uses whatever arms he has to help defend 
his country against invasion, that, again, is sniping. The destruction 
of Louvain washerman revenge on a large scale for this sniping. 
Nothing could be more brutal than the German attitude in this respect, 
and nothing more clear than the duty of civilization to resist the 
German theory that they can revenge themselves in this way. If, in 
1775, the British had held the same ideas about retaliation for sniping, 
every New England farmer who resisted the British march from 
Boston to Lexington would have been murdered, as the Germans 
are now murdering Belgian farmers. Indeed, there would have been 

more justification for the British to punish the .New England patriots, 

because every American in that case was, technically, a rebel. Within 
the present year, when American sailors landed at Vera Cruz, some 
Mexicans defended their city by shooting from the housetops. Mad the 

Americans held tin' same ideas about sniping as the Germans they 
would have revenged themselves by burning Vera Cruz. 

Cold Logic 

PROBABLY IT IS ALL RKIIIT to send money to feed the Belgians, 
A but we cannot help having some second thoughts about it If we 
send food, will the German soldiers take it? There will be food in 

Germany. Tt will be there to feed the German soldiers, if a starving 

Belgian walks up to a German army kitchen and asks for food will 

the German officer refuse? Will they refuse systematically, as a mat- 
ter of policy? To consider another nspect of it, we are sending 

money into Belgium. At (he very same time Germany is compelling 

Brussels to give up $9,000,000. That $9,000,000, if the Belgians should 
keep if, would meet their needs and make if unnecessary for as to send 

I hem money. The best way for us to help the Belgians will be to do 
what we can with our resources to help turn the Germans out of 

Belgium. This may not be neutrality, but it is truth. 



M 



Still Hungry for Pork 

SENATOB RANSDELL has sawed the staves and Congressman 
SPAEKMAN has made the hoops lor the new River ami Harbor 
Pork Barrel which the backers of the discredited old method of appro 

priating Government money for waterways hope i<> shove through Con- 
gress this winter. Undismayed by the smashing a few weeks ago of the 

$53,000,000 barred— for which a lump sum of $20,000,000, to be used 
at the discretion of the War Department's engineers, was substituted 

these two distinguished pork getters ami their friends are determined 

to obtain an appropriation of approximately $45,000,000. They are 
going into the tight with the same arguments that have been used 
ever since the barred was the size of a tomato can. For instance, the 

officials of the National River and Harbor Congress, in their call for 

an annual meeting to be held in Washington next week, characterize 
the condemnation heaped upon the present system as "a declaration 
Of war on the whole policy of waterway improvement." Some of the 
members of the River and Harbor < Jongress may believe thai statement ; 
nobody else will. The people are more than willing to spend their money 
to facilitate water transportation, but are tired of seeing million 

wasted on unusable creeks, rivers, and inlets. And the sooner the advo- 
cates of the pork-barrel system abandon it and insist upon the enact- 
ment of a law placing the river and harbor problem in the hands of a 

national commission, thereby removing ii as far as possible from the 

reach of bartering politicians, the better it will be fur all of ns. 

Etymologically Speaking 

TX THE PAST, scenic drama has prevailed. Then the Tbsenic came 

lo ,,1(1 n ' ,,,,L For the last two years the ohsr,,,!,- plav has been 
On the crest of the wave. Is the modern drama content to stand 

pal at tins, or is a reaction preparing? 

Spoken Wistfully 

N TIIK SPRINGFIELD .MASS., "REPUBLICAN" appears this 
news Iron, ('(drain. Franklin Countv: 





Speculators i.» apples are paying seventy-flve cents a barrel delivered i 
furnished crates ... the shipping point on the trolley road 



in free 



A good many city dwellers arc- paying five cents a,., 
: "" 1 s "" l( '' .v— ■'<>> the farmer— gets the difference 



iece lor theirs, 



Volcanic Simplicity 



A :Z 7, intera »aable arguments aboul the inner par- 

"Pnl I 71 T , "7 We ! "'" iDdebted "' ""' Philadelphia (Pa.) ' 
lul.lu Le dger for the shrewd and trnly American comment: 



Carter's Catastrophic Campaign 




D r ,7 „7l i (,, \ 7. ".'<•'•'• «- •» ^ne* „„„, He is Tom 
lature 7s Tn ]US{ - and xvl "• ,l he , - ; "' ■'"'• the Legis- 

*.awi. io Jiake (jood Laws Or the Pennl*" ir i_ * 

ofTo M Carter's campaign documents?* "'"'"" a ^ ° f "" e 

.ootogforTZ'." ,:, "" :ON " S baDd ' "' , '" "'"'•••* '"'>• ^ar. and here's my band 

"»»;'■>•»»>■ *>»t armed foe e, „>,<», 
Mtke far your altars and your fires 
Stnlce for the green graves of your sire* 
Tor God and native land. ' ' 

Roberts, a olfattoSS ' ... '" ,", '■ ; "" l " ,: "" for "-"-< Judge is Jacob 

Electric MM knt TSii !£?%£%£,* D 7 7V*° h ""* "> ""' 
poratlon attorney' Bad fivJ,? """ , ' '" v " h " r '"' Robots, the cor- 

Dare to be a Daniel and don't worship the Golden Call 

Hun, we In** for on the n77 ,7 7 77 ,, ' 7* '"" 7' 

--»«.j-ti iv7 , ;r:i::7u: ( :7 , ,77 :M ' H linEnid ' 

^ 7 , ;7:;;;7;' :;;";:; ;;: s*™« 57- ? r -,,; ,-,,,.. I1IV ,.,,„„.„. 

The baleful glare from the , «„,'"' '! iM " s is 8eek ^ strange goda 
wlliwpd the noble aspirattons ,of «S»», «" '"' has for "'" Hme being 
turned *«»*Si^^££™** "«. *» Cabtbb, , 






Yes? 



CAYS ONE NEWSPAPER, reporting u 
^ funds for the war victims: 



pon various means of raising 



One of the ladies from Cambridge, Mass.. stated that at the Harvard Princeton 
football game a collection was taken that yielded $3,700! 

The exclamation point belongs to the Philadelphia "Evening Ledger." 
Evidently the editor regards the amount as a large one. We, for our 
part, regard it as shockingly small. Over thirty thousand persons 

saw the Harvard -Princeton game, and the cost of tickets alone must 

have exceeded $60,000. Yel those presenl gave less than $4,000 to 
the relief fund— say thirteen cents apiece. We hope thai this coun- 
try, as a whole, proves more generous than the football crowd. 

Send it Now 



o 



II. VKS; and the address of 

10 Bridge Street, New York. 



the Belgian Relief 



('omniit tee is 



.. 



• 






■■•■-. 



— • - 



The Massachusetts Way 

SPEAKING OF FOOTBALL, a silly Massachusetts law prohibits 
people from carrying the red flag or black flag— emblems of so- 
cial revolt. (What's the connection? 

Wait.) Some Socialist with a tine 
sense of justice has invoked this 
law againsl the football crowds 
wiih their college flags, and at Hie 
Harvard-Princeton game neither tin' 
crimson of Harvard nor the black 

of Princeton (with the orange P) 

was Haunted bv the fans. In all 
seriousness the dean of the Harvard 
Law School proposes to draw up an 

amendment to the red-or-black flag 
law exempting colleges from the 

prohibition. To the unprejudiced 
onlooker there is something very 
humorous in that idea of justice 
which would permit college boys to 
wave a banner forbidden to those 
who think society is above nation- 
ality, or to those who have a differ- 
ent idea of society than our idea. Why not be tolerant in this mat 
ter of bunting — since Socialists and Anarchists are theoretically free 
to express their heterodox opinions? Does Massachusetts really think 

a piece of (doth more dangerous than arguments? 

What They Didn't Get 

FVROM August 1 to November 1, 1914, the tolls collected from vessels 
using the Panama Canal amounted to #735,182. These were nearh 
all American ships. The money collected will be used in maintaining 

and operating tin* canal, thus lessening tin 1 amount appropriated out of 

taxes. The American people gel the benefit and the subsidy howlers are 

deprived of the pleasure of pocketing that sum. Will Hearst and his choir 

kindly name those whom they would prefer to see getting that $735,182? 

The Eternal Struggle 

IF WE COULD ONLY REMEMBER, out of every book, the best line 
or the wisest message! Perhaps it is this wish of ours that lead? us 

to mark in our books some of the finest sentences — whether of verse 

or prose. In school, Tennyson's "Ulysses" seemed to us a noble poem — 

as it truly is — and in schoolboy enthusiasm we underscored the lines 
of conclusion. Perhaps there are liner lines than those in TENNYSON — 
some of them in this very poem; certainly the passage beginning 

I am a part of all that l have met 

is one of the richest in the Teiiiiysonian philosophy. What single line of 
BROWNING is the most inspiring? Some would quote"Andrea del Sarto's" 

Ah. hut a man's reach should exceed his ^rasp. 

Or, what's a heaven for? 

— a wonderful phrasing of what aspiration is. Reading a new novel 
that reflects a great deal of nobility and love and a restrained and 

quiet humor — Hermann Hagedorn's "Faces in the Dawn" — we found 
(his speech the other evening: 

There are not two worlds | she cried], one outside the house and one inside: 

there are not two struggles. There is only one struggle, the struggle for spiritual 

growth, and none of us can flghl il for others, and none of us can fight it alone. 

We have reread that passage several times, and each lime it means 
more to ns. The novel that contains this speech is worth knowing. 



largest 















- 



BRIGHT, intelligent young woman, 
employed in department store, can 
attend to your Christmas wants 
now better than later when the 
store will be overcrowded and 
she will be very tired. Address 
Shopgirl, Uptown or Downtown. 









■-• 



A WANT AD. 



Wisdom for the Noisy 

I V ° Al ''' SQIAISHLKKS over the relative merits of men and 

A women we recommend this bit from one of Ellen Key's articles: 
Set) indulgence, luxury, gossip, ami *<■<,„</„/ are neither womanly nor 
manly. Thru sprint/ in either sex from a loir degree of culture. 

The Boozing Forties 

CTATISTICTANS express concern over the recently discovered fact 
^ (if j| is ;• fact) that modern life has lowered the death rate for 
babies, but has raised it for men between forty and fifty. One factor lies 
on the surface of American life: the increase of sedentary occupations 
and of drinking therein. Any indoor man who soaks up liqnor is likely 
to die before he is fifty years old. It is a matter of some difficulty to 
keep him alive, and the desirability of it is often rather questionable. 
The statisticians may yet prove our strongest temperance advocates. 

Help ! 

\X7ASHINGTON is one of the four States which voted "wet** 

* v this fall. And just before the election a Seattle reader of 

ours ...ailed us a copy of the Seattle "Times" (that claims the 

circulation in that city), 
marking almost three hundred inches 

of patent-medicine and booze adver- 
tisements: a Sunday issue, of course, 

Sunday being the day when folks 
have most time to devote to thirst 
and other symptoms. The ••Times" 
tells you all about whiskv: also it 
advertises ihe fake "home recipe for 

(he liquor habit" in case your fam- 
ily is tired of your whisky habits. 

Dr. Blank's headache powder "stops 

headache, p a i n . neuralgia." The 

-Times" doesn't tell what these 

habit forming drugs start — perhaps 
thai will come out in next Sunday's 
paper. The "Times" has all the 
wrinkle secrets and beamy quirks, 
and is positively greasy with hair 
tints and "cream balm." Quacks 
tind it easy to buy space in this Seattle newspaper for their rheuma- 
tism "cures," their remedies for anything from sour stomach to tubercu- 
losis. The publisher knows better, but the fakers have his number 
l i. e., price). "Consultation free," chorus the quacks — but you know- 
how that works out in practice. Nothing is costlier than quackery, 

in health or in dollars. When a newspaper in a progressive community 
helps a faker to otter cures for anything from asthma to St. Vitus's 
dance (including deafness, diabetes, dropsy, ami hip disease) with his 
"glandular remedies"— well, just what is wrong in such a case? 

The True Soldier 

FIELD MARSHAL LORD ROBERTS, better known by his sol- 
diers' name of "Bobs," died as he would have wished, in his coun- 
try's service to the last, lie had won his modestly held place as the 
hero of England's armies by over sixty years of patient devotion to 
duty and brilliant success in the campaigns in Afghanistan, Burma, 
ami South Africa. It was his peculiar distinction to Command love 
as well as honor; his victories did not mean degradation for his foes. 
Only a few weeks ago, in a notable public utterance, he insisted that 
the English forces must tight the present great war so as to win not 
only the respect of the Germans, but also their liking. It is a curious 
contrast that on the day of Lord Roberts's death the newspapers were 
printing extracts from an article in a Hamburg (Germany) newspaper 
by Major General von Disfurth, wherein "this distinguished retired 

officer of the German army," as he is entitled, writes: 

There Is no reason whatever why we should trouble ourselves about the notions 
concerning ns in other countries. Certainly we should not worry about the opinions 

and feelings held in neutral countries. Germany stands as the supreme arbiter 

of hei- <>wn methods, which in the time of war must be dictated to the world. 

They call us barbarians. What of it? We scorn them and their abuse. For my 
part, I hope that in this war we have merited the title of barbarians. Let neutral 
peoples and our enemies cease their empty chattel*, which may well be compared to 
the twitter of birds. Lei them cease their talk of the Cathedral at Khcims and of 
.-ill the churches and all the castles in France which have shared its fate. These 
things do not Interest us. Our troops must achieve victory. What else matters? 

The contrast here is the contrast between patriotism and irresponsible 
militarism, of Von Disfurth and "Bobs," which is the tine soldier? 






14 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



















•-. 






















JULIAN STREET 

Illustrated by Wallace Morgan 



Chapter Fifteen 

Abroad at Home 

American Ram b lings, Observa- 
tions and Adventures 

yts OUR train crossed the Great Salt 

f-\ Lake the farther shores were glisten 
•*- -*- ing in a golden haze, half real, half 

mirage, like the shores of Prestura as you see 

them from the monastery at Amalfi on a 
sunny day. Beyond the lake a portion of the 
desert was glazed with a curious thin film of 
water — evidently overflow — in which the 
forms of stony hills at the margin of the 
waste were reflected so clearly that the eye 
could not determine the exact point, of meet- 
ing between cliff and plain. Farther out in 
the desert there was no water, and as we 
left the hills behind, the world became a 
great white arid reach, tiat as only moist 
sand can be Hat. and tragic in its desolation. 
For a time nothing, literally, was visible but 
sky and desert, save for a line of telegraph 
poles, rising forlornly beside the right of way. 

The West Dresses Its Shop Window 

I FOUND the desert impressive, but my com- 
panion, whose luncheon had not agreed 

with him, declared that it was not up to 
specifications. 

"Anyone who is familiar with Frederic 
Remington's drawings." he said, "knows that 

there must be skeletons and buffalo skulls 
stuck around on deserts." 

I was about to explain that the Western 
Pacific was a new railroad and that probably 
they had not yet found time to do their 
landscape gardening along the line, when, far 
ahead, I caught sight of a dark dot on the 
sand. I kept my eye on it. As our train 
overtook it, it began to assume form, and at 
last I saw that it was actually a prairie 
schooner. Presently we passed it. It was 
moving slowly along, a few hundred yards 
from the track. The horses were walking: their heads 
were down and they looked tired. The man who was 
driving was the only human being visible; he was 
hunched over, and when the train went by, he never so 
much as turned his head. 

The picture was perfect. Even my companion ad- 
mitted that, and ceased to demand skulls and skele- 
tons. And when, two or three hours later, after hav- 
ing crossed the desert and worked our way into the 
hills, we saw a full-fledged cowboy on a pinto pony, 
we felt that the Western Pacific Railroad was com- 
plete in its theatrical accessories. 

The cowboy did his best to give us Western color. 
When he saw the train coining, he spurred up his 
pony, and waving a lasso, set out in pursuit of an 
innocent old milch cow. which was grazing near by. 
That she was no range animal was evident. Her sleek 
condition and her calm demeanor showed that she 
was fully accustomed to the refined surroundings of 
the stable. As he came at her she gazed in horrified 
amazement, quite as some fat, dignified old lady might 
gaze at a bad little boy running at her with a pea 
shooter. Then, in bovine alarm, she turned and lum- 
bered heavily away. The cowboy charged and cut her 
off, waving his rope and yelling. However, no cap- 
ture was made. As soon as the train had passed 
the cowboy desisted, and poor old P>ossy was allowed 
to settle down again to comfortable grazing. 

God's Work 

ONE thing the Western Pacific Railroad does that 
every railroad should do. It publishes a pam- 
phlet, containing a relief map of its system, and a 
paragraph or two about vvvry station on the line, 
giving the history of the place (if it has any), tell- 
ing the altitude, the distance from terminal points. 
and how the town got its name. 

Had there not been washouts on the line shortly 
before we journeyed over it, I might net have known 
so much about this little pamphlet, but during the 
night, when I could not sleep because of the violent 
rocking of the ear. I read it with great care. Thus 
it happened that when, toward morning, we stopped. 
and I raised my curtain to find the ground covered 
with a blanket of snow. T was able to establish my- 
self as being in the Sierras, somewhere in the region 



>»*-•*-- 



■ ■ 




"With her hills, San Francisco is Rome; with 
her harbor, Naples — but with her clubs, San Fran- 
cisco." And this is the Olympic Club's salt-water pool 



ical, for. at Sacramento, early in the after- 
noon, we saw open street cars, their seats 
arranged back to back and facing outward, 
like those of an Irish jaunting car. running 

through an avenue lined with a double row 
of palms, beneath which girls were coming 

home from school bareheaded and in linen 
sailor suits. 

Imagine leaving New York on a snowy 
Christmas morning and arriving that same 
afternoon in Buffalo, to find them celebrat- 
ing Independence Day, and you will get the 

sense of that transition. We had passed from 
furs to shirt sleeves in a morning. 

Superlatives 

IEAVING the train in Oakland, one is re- 
J minded of Hoboken or Jersey City in 
the days before the Hudson Tubes were built. 
There is the train shed, the throng headed 
for the ferry, the baggage trucks, and the 
ferryboat itself, like a New York ferryboat 
down to its very smell. Likewise the fresh 
salt wind that blows into your face as you 
stand at. the front of the boat, in crossing 
San Francisco P>ay, is like a spring or sum- 
mer wind in New York Harbor. So, if you 
cross at night, you have only the lights to 
tell you that you are not indeed arriving in 
New York. 

The ferry is three miles wide. There are 
no skyscrapers, with lighted windows, loom- 
ing overhead, as they loom over the Hud- 
son. To the right the myriad lamps of Oak- 
land, Berkeley, and Alameda are distributed 
the shore, electric trains dashing in 
front of them like comets: and straight ahead 
lies San Francisco— a fallen fragment of the 

Milky Way, draped over a succession of re- 
ceding hills. 

Crossing the ferry I tried to remember 
things I had been told of this city of my 
dreams, and to imagine what it would be like, 
of course I had been warned time and again 
not to refer to it as "Frisco.- and not to speak 
of the Earthquake, but only of the Fire. I 
had those two points well in mind, but there were 
others out of which I endeavored to construct an im- 
aginary town. 



along 



of the Beekwith Pass— which, by the way, is by two San Francisco was, as I pictured it in advance a 

i 1 ,. v,,.... ..,1 *\w»<- <ll,« 1,mr.i..t ,, I 1... !1 ,1 .!i_ _ D j . . 



thousand feet the lowest pass used by any railroad 
entering the State of California. 

Some time before dawn the roadbed became solid, 
and I slept until summoned by my companion to see 
the canon of the Feather River. Dressing hurriedly, I 
joined him at the window on the other side of the car 
(I have observed that, almost invariably, that is where 
the scenery is), and looked down into what I still re- 
member as the most beautiful canon I have ever seen. 

A Weather Symphony 

THE last time I had looked out it had been winter, 
yet here, within the space of a few hours, had come 
the spring. It gave me the feeling of a Rip Van 
Winkle: I had slept and a whole season had passed. 
<>nr train was winding along a serpentine shelf nicked 

into the lefty walls of a gorge at the bottom of which 

rushed a mad stream all green and foamy. Above, the 
mountains were covered with tall pines, their straight 
trunks reaching heavenward like the slender columns 
of a Gothic cathedral, the roof of which was made of 

low-hung, stone-gray cloud— a cathedral decked as for 

the Easter season, its aisles and altars abloom with 
green leaves, and blossoms purple and white. 

Throughout the hundred miles for which we fol- 
lowed the windings of the Feather River ('anon, our 
eyes hardly left the window. Now we would crash 
through a short, black tunnel, emerging to find still 
greater loveliness where we had thought no greater 
loveliness could be: now we would traverse a spindly 
bridge which quickly changed the view (and us) to 
the other side of the car. Now we would pass the 
intake of a power plant; next we would come upon 
the plant itself, a monumental pile, looking like some 
Rhenish castle which had slipped down from a peak 
and settled comfortably beside the stream. 

Traveling Toward Summer 

/V p EAST the walls of the canon began to melt away. 
I\. spreading apart and drifting down into the gentle 
slope of a green valley starred with golden poppies. 
Spring had turned to summer — a summer almost trop- 



city of gayety, gold money, twenty-five-cent drinks, 
flowers. Chinamen, hospitality, night restaurants, mvs- 



~ —~ "".' A i'^iuicu oau r rancisco. and tna 

with some slight reservations, is the way I found i 
There are two seasons in San Francisco: serine, b< 



to 



terious private dining rooms, the Bohemian Club, 

open-hearted men and unrivaled women— superb, ma- 
jestic, handsome. 

That is the way I pictured San Francisco, and that, 

it. 

-prmg. ne- 
lnning about November and running on into April; 
autumn, beginning in April and filling out the re- 
maining six months. Winter and summer are simply 
left out. There is no great cold (snow has fallen but 
six times in the history of the city) and no great heat 
(84 degrees was the highest temperature registered 
during an unusual "hot spell." which occurred just be- 
fore our visit). It is. however, a celebrated peculiarity 
ot the San Francisco climate that between shade and 
sun there is a difference so great as to make light 
winter clothing comfortable on one side of the street 
and summer clothing on the other. 

If You Like Color 

/V-I. the year round flowers are for sale at stands on 
£1. corners in the San Francisco streets, and if von 
think we have no genre in America, if you think there 
is nothing in this country to compare with your mem- 
ories of picturesque little scenes in Kn rope— -scenes 
involving such things as the dog-drawn wagons of 
Belgium; Dutch girls in wooden shoes, bending at the 
waist to scrub a sidewalk; embroidered peasants at 
a Breton pardon; prond beggars at an Andalusian 

lailway station; mysterious hooded Arabs at Gibral- 
tar; street singers it! Naples; flower girls in the cos- 
tume of the e„ ,„„„,,„„ a t the Spanish steps in Rome 
-if you think we cannot match such hits of color, 
then you should see the flower stands of San Fran- 
cisco upon some holiday, when Chinese girls are bar- 
gaining for blooms. 

But I am talking only of this one part of Call- 

onna When one considers the whole State, one is 

orced to admit that it is a natural » or place. It 

is everything. In its ore-filled mountains it is Alaska; 






COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



15 



to the south it is South America: I have looked out 
of a train window and seen a perfect English park, 
only to realize suddenly that it had not been made by 
gardeners, but was the sublimated landscape garden- 
ing which Nature gave to this State of States. I 
have eaten Parisian meals in San Francisco and drunk 
splendid wines, and afterward I have been told that 
our viands and beverages had. without exception, been 
produced in California — unless one counts the gin in 

the cocktail which preceded dinner. But that is only 
part of it. "With her hills San Francisco is Rome; 
with her harbor she is Naples: with her hotels she is 
New York. But with her clubs and Inn- people she is 
San Francisco — which, tn my mind, comes near be- 
ing the apotheosis of praise. 

™ Palpitant and Alive" 

SO FAR as I know American cities, San Francisco 
stands out among them like some beautiful, fas- 
cinating creature who comes suddenly into a roomful 
of mediocrities. She is radiant, she has charm and 
allure, those qualities which are gifts of the gods, and 
which, though we recognize them instantly when we 
meet them, we are unable to describe. 

The story of the Portola fete, as told me by a San 
Franciscan, nicely illustrates that, and also shows the 
San Francisco point of view. 

"In 1907," he informed me. "we decided to put over 
a big outdoor New Year's fete, with dancing in the 
streets, the way they have it in Paris on the Four- 
teenth of July. But at t#e last minute it rained and 
spoiled the outdoor part of the fun. Once in a while, 
you see. that can happen even in San Francisco. 

"Everybody agreed that we ought, to have a regular 
established festival, and as we didn't want to have it 
spoiled a second time, we hunted up the weather rec- 
ords and found that in the history of the city there 
had never been rain between October 17 and 20. That 
established the time for our fete: the next thing was 
to discover an excuse for it. That was not so easy. 
After digging through a lot of history we found that 
Don Gaspar de Portcla discovered San Francisco Bay 
October 22. 1079 — or maybe it was 1769 — that doesn't 
matter. Nobody had ever heard of Portola until then, 
but now we have dragged him out of oblivion and 
made quite a boy of him. all as an excuse to have 

a good time.'' 

"Then you don't celebrate New Year's out here'.'"' 

I asked. 

"Don't we. though!" he exclaimed. "You ought to 
be here for our New' Year's fete. It is one of the most 
spontaneous shows of the kind you'll see anywhere. 
It's not a tough orgy such as you have on Broadway 
every New Year's Eve. with a lot of drunks sitting 
around in restaurants under signs saying 'Champagne 
Only' — I've seen that. We 
just have a lot of real 
fun. mostly in the streets. 

"One t. h i n g you can 
count on out here. We 

celebrate everything that 
can be celebrated, and the 

beauty of a lot of our 
good times is that they 
have a way of just break- 
ing loose instead of being 
cooked up in advance. 

There can be no doubt 
that that is true. Many 
artists have inhabited 
San Francisco, and the 
city has always been be- 
loved by them; especially, 
it sometimes seems, by the 
writ! ng group. Mark 
Twain records that on his 
arrival he "foil in love 
with the most cordial and 
sociable city in the 

Union," a nd countless 

other authors, from 
Stevenson down, have 
paid their tribute. 

As might be expected of 
a country so palpitantly 
beautiful and alive, Cali- 
fornia has produced many 
artists in literature and 

the other branches, and 

has developed ma-ny 
others who. having had 
the misfortune to be born 

elsewhere, possessed at 

leasl the good judgment 
to move to California 
while still in the forma- 
tive period. 

Sitting around a table 
in a cafe one night with a painter, a novelist, and a 
newspaper man. I set them all to making lists, from 
memory, of persons following the arts who may be 

Classified as Californians by birth or long residence. 

The four most prominent painters listed were 
Arthur F. Mathews. Charles Rollo Peters, Charles .1. 
Dickman, and Francis McComas, all of them men 

Dec. 5 



standing very high in American art. Among sculptors 
were mentioned Robert Aitken. Arthur Putnam, Ilaig 

Patigian, and Douglas Tilden. of writers there is a 

deluge. Besides Mark Twain and Stevenson, the 
names of Bret Harte. Frank Norris, and Joaquin 
Miller are, of course, historic in connection with the 
State. Among living writers born in California were 

listed Gertrude Athertou, Jack London. Lloyd Os- 

bourne. Austin Strong. Ernest Peixotto, and Kathleen 
Norris: while among those born elsewhere who have 
migrated to California were set. down the names of 
Harry Leon Wilson, Stewart. Edward White, James 

Hopper, Mary Austin, Grace MacGowan Cooke. Alice 
MacGowan, Rufus Steele, and Bertha Iiunkle. Still 
another group of writers who do not now reside in 
California are. nevertheless, associated with the State 
because of having lived therein the past. Among these 
are Wallace and Will Irwin. Gelett Burgess, Eleanor 
Gates, Kate Douglas "Wiggin. Edwin Markham, George 
Sterling. Richard Tully, Jack Hines, and Arno Dosch. 
At this juncture it occurs to me that, quite regard- 
less of the truth, I had better say that I have not 
set down these names according to any theories of 
mine about the order of their importance, but that I 
have copied them off as they came to me on lists 
made by other persons, who shall be sheltered to the 

last by anonymity. 

Baedeker in his little red book declares that, "earth- 
quakes occur occasionally in San Francisco, but have 
seldom been destructive," after which he recites that 
in 1000 "a severe earthquake lasting about a minute" 
visited the city, that "the City Hall became a mass of 
ruins, but, on the whole, few of the more solid struc- 

- 

tures were seriously injured." 

Touchy, Touchy! 

SAX FRANCISCO is notoriously sensitive upon this 
subject, and her sensitiveness is not difficult to 
understand. For one thing, earthquakes, interesting 
though they may be as demonstrations of the power 
of Nature, are not generally considered a profitable 
form of advertising for a city, although, curiously 
enough, they seem, like volcanic eruptions, to visit 
spots of the greatest natural beauty. For another 
thing. San Francisco feels that "earthquake" is really 
a misnomer for her disaster, and that, this fact is not 
generally understood in such remote and ill-informed 
localities as. for instance, the island of Manhattan. 

There is not a little justice in this contention. How- 
ever the city may have been "shaken down" in the 
past by corrupt politicians, the quake did no such 

thing. * All the damage done by the actual trembling 
of the ground might have been repaired at a cost of a 
few millions had not the quake started the tire and 
at the same time destroyed the means of lighting it. 







?« 




"I have eaten Parisian meals in San Fran- 
cisco," writes Mr. Street, "and drunk splendid 
W i„es"— but this is fox-trot time at the gay Cliff 
House, whose setting (poets say) looks like Sorrento, Italy 

Baedeker, always conservative, estimates the lire loss 
at three hundred and fifty millions. 

Furthermore, it is contended in San Francisco thai 



the city is not actually in the earthquake belt. Scien- 
tists have examined the earthquake's fault line, and 
have declared that it comes down the coast to a point 
some miles north of the city, where it obligingly heads 
out to sea. passing around San Francisco and coming 
ashore again far to the south. 

While, to my mind, this seems to indicate an ex- 
traordinary degree of good nature on the part of an 
earthquake, I have come, through a negative course 
of reasoning, to accept it as true. For it so happens 
that I have discussed literature with a considerable 
number of scientific men, and I can but conclude 
from the experience that they must know an enormous 
amount about other matters. Therefore, on earth- 
quakes. I am bound entirely by their decisions, and I 
believe that all well-ordered earthquakes will be so 
bound, and that the only chance of future trouble 
from this source in San Francisco might arise through 
a visit from some irresponsible, renegade quake which 
was not a member of the regular organization. 

A City Reborn 

AS TO San Francisco's "touchiness" upon the sub- 
. ject there is this much more to be said: The city 
has been magnificently reconstructed. Another quake 
might kick over another building, but the city would 
not go as it did before, because, aside from the fact 
that the main part of it is now as nearly unburn- 
able as any group of buildings anywhere, the most 
elaborate system of fire protection has been installed. 
If. in future, water connections are broken at one 
point, or two points, or several points, there will still 
be plenty of water from other sources. 

As an outsider, in leve with San Francisco, who has 
yet. had the temerity to mention the forbidden word, 
i may perhaps venture a little farther and suggest 
that it is time for sensitiveness over the word "earth- 
quake" to cease. 

Let us use what word we like: the fact remains 
that the disaster brought out magnificent qualities in 
San Francisco's people: they were victorious over it: 
they have fortified themselves against a repetition of 
it; they transformed catastrophe into opportunity. 
It is granted to but few cities and few men really to 
begin life anew. 

On Primrose Path 

AN FRANCISCANS love to show their city off. 
Nevertheless they take a curious delight in coun- 
tering against the enthusiasm of the alien with a 
solemn wag of the head and the invariable: ' 

"Ah. but you should have seen, felt, taste.d, smelted, 

heard it before the Fire!" 

They say that about everything, old and new. They 

say it indiscriminately, without thought of what it 

means. They 1 o v e the 
sound of it, and h a v e 
made it a fixed habit 
They say it about district 
and buildings, about 
hotels and the Barbary 
Coast (where r a g t i m e 
dancing is said to have 
originated — and it's much 
like the old Bowery in 
New York 1 ), and the 
Presidio (the military 
post, overlooking t he 
sea), and Golden Gate 
Park (a semitropical won- 
der place, built on what 
used to be sand dunes, 
and g a a r d e d by park 
policemen who carry 
lassos with which to stop 
runaways), and China- 
town, and the F i s h 
Market (which resembles 

a collection of still-life 

st ndies by William M. 
Chase), and the Bank 
Exchange (which is not a 
C o m m e r c i a 1 institu- 
tion, but a venerable bar, 
presided over by Duncan 
Nicol, who came around 
the Horn with his eye- 
glasses over his ear, 
where he continues to 
wear them while mixing 
Pisco cocktails). They 
say it also of '•Ernie" and 
his celebrated "Number 

Two" cocktail, with a 

hazelnut in it : and of the 

St. Francis Hotel (which 
is one of the best run 
and n. os t perfectly cos- 
mopolitan hotels in the country), and of the Fair- 
mont Hotel (a. wonderful pile, commanding the city 
and the bay as Bertolini's commands the city and the 
bay of Naples), and the Palace Hotel (where drinks 
are twenty-five vents each, as in the old days: where 
ripe olive's are a specialty, and where, over the bar, 
hangs Maxtield Parrish's {Continued on page 25) 



16 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 






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Copyright l.y the Infrnational News Service "'"""""^"^^ 

GERMANS CAPTURED IN WEST BELGIUM, ;A* 5c*«e of the biggest battle ever fought, being escorted to a prison barracks by Algerians attached to the French ar*» v 
This experience is humiliating to the Germans, because their dislike of the Moors with the Allies is as bitter as their hatred of the British But these firhnnJtl 
more fortunate than many of their comrades. In the assaults upon the line between Lille and the sea upward of 100,000 courageous Germans fell before the Allies' fire 




| 

1 




COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5. 1914 



17 



i ■ ■ . i 




i 

'SS'SSS/SSS/S/SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSMW '& 



/I Goliath of the Sea Meets Its David 



THE British superdreadnought Auda- 
cious was a bold, venturesome war- 
ship, just as Goliath the Oath was a 
reckless, arrogant old gladiator, but she 
became the easy prey of a German David 
who knew the trick of mine laying. As 
the great battleship was steaming along 
the norjth coast of Ireland a hidden mine 
inflicted a mortal wound in her side. 
Luckily the White Star liner Olympic 
was near by and came to the rescue of 
the officers and crew. One of the 
Olympic's passengers took the snapshot 
above as the men were being rowed 
to safety. After the last man had aban- 
doned her and while the Olympic and 
some small warcraft were standing by, 
the Audacious blew up. The British 



the 



27, 



Admiralty suppressed the news of 
disaster, which occurred on October 
and it was nearly three weeks before the 
story reached the press of 1 his count ry. One 
theory is that the ship was sunk by one 
of Britain's own mines. The Audacious 
was of L'.'J.OOO tons, and carried a battery 
of ten 13.5-inch guns and sixteen 4-inch. 

IN the circle two French colonial troop- 
ers are seen bending over a wounded 
comrade. They are In a trench near Dix- 
mude, Belgium, the scene of much of the 
most violent fighting of all time. Dix- 
niude is said to be of little strategic 
value, but the Germans sacrificed regi- 
ment after regiment in their assaults up- 
on it. The Allies also lost heavily. 



* 




1 



Copyrights by the 
International 
News Service 



Another Belgium Needs 



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the World's Sympathy 

NONE of the sympathy for the 
lions of destitute Belgians 
been wasted, but in centering its atten- 
tion upon King Albert's people, the 
world has failed t«> realize fully the 
terrible sufferings of the noneombatants 
in the large region laid waste by the 
armies in the eastern campaign. A 
Strip of country over 300 miles long and 
varying from 50 to 100 miles in width 
has been devastated by the German. 
Austrian, and Russian armies, and most 
of the civilian population is in want. 
The scene in snapshot at the left, taken 
near the Kast Prussian border, is 
typical of thousands. A German, with 

a" few household effects hauled away 

before the bombardment, has returned 
to find his home in ruins. A movement 
for the relief of the Poles has been 

started in this ocnnt ry. Contributions 

are sent to the Polish National Relief 

Fund, li(J5 Central Park West, New York. 



18 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 
















Haughton and Harvard 



BY GRANTLAND RICE 



The Game's Specter 



























PERCY HAUGHTON, the Czar, Emperor. 
Mandarin, and Kaiser of Harvard's 
football fori uncs. has shown again the value of 

systems over individuals. 

In the six years before Haughton came to Harvard, 
Yale had rolled up 74 points against Harvard's abject 0. 

In the first six years after Haughton arrived. Har- 
vard has scored ::<> points against Yale's !) — not includ- 
ing the 1914 battle. Which is quite a shift. Before 
Haughton landed with his system. Harvard had won 
but three games from Princeton out of fifteen starts. 
After the landing Harvard won three out of four starts, 
and only a costly funub'e kept it from being four 
straight. 

Yale ruled in the old days through Camp's tine sys- 
tem — a system continued from year to year. When 
Camp dropped out the old Yale system fluttered and 
shifted and lost its organized efficiency. 

Princeton has enjoyed neither a ('amp system nor a 
Haughton system, and so has been forced to depend 
upon Tiger courage, alertness, and individual skill, 
which is something to have, but which is under a 
heavy handicap when thrust against the same vir- 
tues organized and directed in the proper way. 

Yale this season secured llinkey to give the 
Haughton system battle. But for the warfare be- 
tween the Crimson and the Blue to be waged upon 
equal terms, llinkey must be given his chance to 
build up and to perfect what he has only had a 
chance to start. 

For no system is established in a year — which in 
a football way embraces but two months' work and 
play. And only a select few from the big mass are 
capable of installing a system worth while. Camp. 
Yost, Haughton. Sharpe, and Stagg are leading ex- 
amples — where to win there must be a combination of 

highly developed football intelligence and a capacity 
for organization and magnetic leadership — which pos- 
sibly ten of our hundred million natives possess. 

Another Record 

OX THE 14th of October, 11)11. exactly 38,283 people 
paid $75,000 to see the (Hants and Athletics meet 
at the Polo Grounds in the first game of the World 
Series. There had been gossip before this of greater 
crowds at football games and at the race track, but so 

far as we know this was the largest officially registered 
crowd, all paid customers, that had ever witnessed a 
sporting event in America. 

This was a city in itself and a snug fortune arranged 
with it, but meager in outline compared to the number 
of souls and the number of dollars the great Yale bowl 
was built to handle for the Yale-Harvard battle of 
November 21, 1 ( .)14. Seventy thousand seats, calling 

for a $140,000 tax at the gates, was the record set up 
in the New Haven arrangement, almost doubling any 
past mark in American sporting history. Records are 
broken frequently in this alert and energetic land of 
ours, but seldom broken with such smashing effect — 
and with such a wide margin beyond the old mark 
that faded ami vanished from sight in the rear. 

The Baseball Magnate Answers 

"The Hun is at the Gate"— 

The baseball magnate read. 
And straightway o'er his face 

A smite of pleasure spread. 
"The Bun is at the date"— 

The magnate (/netted the din — ■ 
'7/ he's vol fifty cents 
Why, let tlw sucker in:' 

Call in the Censor 

STALLINGS, in a signed confession, admits that he 
will have a much better ball club next year than 
he was able to show through 1914. 

"In Davis, Strand, and Crutcher," he says, "I will 

have three grand young pitchers to add to Rudolph, 

Tyler, and .lames — and these last three average well 
under twenty-Jive years." 

As Stallings, after July first, was able to win 80 per 
cent of his National League games and 10(1 per cent of 
his World Series starts, it is high time an official 



censor was called in if he is planning any improved 
machine for the year ahead. 

In answer to this Boston proclamation, McGraw 
and Mack between them will crate a hundred athletes 

South late in February in order to rebuild their ma- 
chines and so obtain another whiff of the good old days 
that reeked with kale and glory. 

It will be interesting to see how these two eminent 
practitioners, once thoroughly aroused, can combat the 

wiles of the Miracle Entry who in one brief season pil- 
fered the stuff that once belonged to both. No wonder 

the two erstwhile Emperors of Swat are throwing up 

heavy intrenehments and mobilizing a new line of vol- 
unteers for active duty. For those that have had it 
to lose it is a good bit more of a shock than for those 
that have never had not to get it at all. 

As to what veterans Mack and McGraw, in the final 
selection, will retain or disperse, only the results of 



training-camp work can fully show. Mack has already 
established three veterans on the transport train and 

McGraw is erecting the skids for several Giants. It 

will be a grand year, in both camps, for any youngster 
with a certain amount of ability to show. 

The Grim Aftermath 

When the frost is on the half back, 

And tlie full back's on the block, 

When the clamp is on the cheering 
Where the guards and tackles flock, 

Oh, it's then that old Catullus 
Takes a wallop at the spine. 

As the festive Elder Pliny 

Does a Brodie through the line. 

oh. it's easp rushing Harvard 
or assaulting grand old Yale; 

And the Tiger's form shifts weekly 
In an < rcr-clianf/iny scale ; 

Hut old Calculus, the Terror, 

Brings '< ni back upon the shield. 
And it's worse when Q. H. Flaccus 

Does a tango down the field. 

Another Upset 

>RGETTING that this was the year of the Big 

pset and of fourteen deposed champions, just as 
Chicago, Wisconsin, and Minnesota were staging their 
annual debate as to which one would sit beneath the 
laurel, Mr. Zuppke & Co. of Illinois came tearing with 
a burst of speed and a kick in either hoof: also a for- 
ward pass in either hand. In less than two years the 

ex-interscholastic coach had put the championship 
brand on his entry and lifted it from an ancient rut. 

Changing a Program 

IE THE next Olympic games as scheduled are held 
in Berlin, it is quite evident that the old order of 
events must, undergo a change. We suggest the fol- 



Fv 



lowing as worthy of the trained skill of Europe: 
1. Bayonet charge at forty paces. 
12. Rifle Are at group of old men, women, and children. 
'.\. Applying the sixteen-pound torch to church or 

hospital. 

4. Running-broad murder in all seven degrees. 

5. The all-around championship to go to the man 
who can use a gun, a knife, a torch, a bomb, a bayonet, 
and a lance with greatest effect — each country to 
furnish sufficient non-combatants for test. 



N 




ORMAL individuals grow old by grad- 
ual stages. Year by year after the 
prime has been passed there is a decline, but it is 

almost imperceptible. 

Pennant machines on the other hand grow old with 
amazing suddenness. 

One year they may still be at the top — teeming with 
virility and dash. Ami next year, without warning, 
their time has come — the gray is around their temples 
and the buoyancy and pep of youth is past. 

Through 1913, the Giants still looked to lie a young 
machine. The speed was still there. The aggressive- 
ness and the ambition was still there. There was no 
sign of age about them in any detail. But when the 
waning days of August and September, 1014, had 

arrived, the Giants had grown old as the Cubs grew 

old and the Tigers grew old and all other three-times 

winners of the past. 

Some of their erstwhile fastest men were being con- 
stantly doubled up. Double-plays registered against 
them were far more frequent than a year ago. On 
infield hits they were being nipped by an eyelash 
at first where a year ago they lay beating the throw 
by a half stride. Against competition that in 1911, 
1912, and 1913 they would have annihilated, in the 

closing stages of 1014 they were forced to battle 

desperately for an even break. They had the heart 
left to battle against rival clubs, but they were be- 
wildered and baffled when it came to an attack 

against the Game's specter — Machine Old Age. 

They were unable to light this specter — because 
they refused to believe it had arrived. -The mock- 
ing memory of youth" refused to be dispersed. Only 
one man on the club confessed to us one day that he 
was slowing up. "I know." he said, "that somewhere 
this season I have lost half a stride. I feel that I am 
running as fast as ever. I can't see where the speed 
has gone. Hut I know that half stride is missing." 

The Intersectional Future 

\ FEW years ago the West, in a body, was more 
than keen for an intersectional football argument 
with the East, but the East was then the shy and diffi- 
dent party. Now the Bast is anxious to plunge into an 
intersectional debate, but outside of Michigan and 
Notre Dame the West has developed the ancient coy- 
ness of the East, the Conference standing pat as an 
aloof corporation. 

In spite of which the broadening tendencies of in- 
tersectional games have been proved, and 1915 is al- 
most sure to see more of these contests than any other 
year on the docket of sport. 

The Harvard-Michigan game, in addition to bein 
a tine football battle, was a carnival of sportsmanship 
unsurpassed. 

Princeton will join with Harvard, Yale, Penn, and 
Cornell in arranging Western competition when the 

next schedule is arranged, provided there is any ten- 
dency on the part of leading Western elevens to join 
witb Michigan and Notre Dame. 

( >nly the East can hardly take it for granted that the 
West is to do all the visiting, for not even Harvard, 
Yale, or Princeton has yet reached that exclusive 
point of inner royalty. If it is to be— which it should 
Ik—- a friendly and an instructive affair, then an inter- 
change of visits is in order. 

The All A 11- American 

RETURNING from a recent football battle we put 
. the query up to a brace of etlieials as to whether 
or not any one man could be named as the 
individual football player of all time. 



A 






greatest 



Both agreed that if any one man could be picked it 
must be Jim Thorpe, who in their opinion was great in 
more ways than any other entry in the fold? Both 
agreed that Thorpe was a master workman in every 
department of play, a brilliant runner, line smasher. 

drop kicker, punter, tackier, and blocker— and neither 

had ever seen him take out a second's time for Injury 
in spite of the opposing assaults hurled against him 
They figured that both (\,y and Brickley stood high. 

but that both lacked the wonderf.il all-around bril- 
liancy of the man who is undoubtedly the finest all- 
around athlete that ever lived. 




* 






COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



19 



MERCHANTS PREFER AMERICAN GOODS 

Consumers Have Been the Stumbling-Block 

Wholesale merchants, who gather except when shown an overwhelming 
from manufacturers everywhere and superiority of the home product. 

sell to the retailer, are in hearty accord a hardware jobber says that his business would 

with Collier's "made in U. S. A." cam- be more profitable and satisfactory if he could 



paign 



get everything in this country. Foreign manu- 
facturers rarely make deliveries in less than 



The jobber is in the best possible fi ve months. Estimating stock demands for 
position to measure the force of a buy- half-a-year ahead is difficult even in the most 



ing sentiment. He serves not one city, 
but many — not one class of people, but 



staple lines. The jobbing houses of the West 
base their trade estimates on crops. Whole- 
salers of the East add to this factor an esti- 



all classes. He knows the Strength of mate f industrial conditions. Buyers study 
the American prejudice in favor of for- their markets hard, but they are not prophets, 



eign labels, and he deplores its folly 
while he has to cater to it. 



and stocks ordered so far in advance are apt to 
be either too small or too large. 

The hardware jobber as well as the wholesale 



As a business man and an American grocer would be glad if all their wants could be 



the jobber wants to buy at home. He 
knows that every dollar he spends with 
American manufacturers increases his 



supplied in America. Both of them have fac- 
tories of their own in which they are already 
introducing processes for making some of the 
things they have imported, and they are work- 



own trade by increasing the buying ing with other manufacturers to make sure that 



power of American citizens. 



But here- they can get in this country nearly all of the 



tofore he has had to meet the demand 
or foreign goods as a matter of self- 
protection. He has known that if he 
did not meet it, other jobbers would. 

To illustrate a characteristic folly 
of the American buyer, a Chicago 
wholesale grocer calls our attention to a 



things that Europe formerly has furnished. 

If the public will give American goods a fair 
trial it will be found that the war has caused us, 
as consumers, a very slight loss. There are few 
of our needs that cannot be better filled at home. 

It is unnecessary to develop a prejudice against 
foreign goods. It is essential only that we have 
no prejudice against any goods whatever— that 
we p-ive American goods a chance to show that 



brand of pickled onions that is put Up tne y are as good or better than the things we 

in England. The onions were grown import 



em 



in Cook County, 111 
England, processed 



shipped to 
bottled, la beled 



d 

THE WHOl 



- 



that is the important thing 
shipped back to Cook County, 111 



E MATTER IS SQUARE 
LY UP TO THE AMERICAN CON 



SUMER. I'l 



HE 



HAS DEMANDED THE FOREIGN 



WHO NOW 



l'HE 



where at a higher price they outsell LABEL-IT MUST BE THE^ CON 

not onlyequally good American onions, 
but identically the same onions under 
an American label. 

This jobber has good reasons for 
wanting to replace many foreign lines 
with American goods, but declares that 
the public will not give up their folly 



AMERICAN LABEL. LET'S PRESENT 
A UNITED FRONT IN FAVOR 
OF FAIR PLAY FOR GOODS 

MADE IN U. S. A. 



t,Q 








Number Ten 



Vice-President an J General Manager 
P. F. Collier & Son, Inc.. 



20 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 






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WNCH£ST£R 

Rifles and Shotguns 

MAKE FINE HOLIDAY GIFTS 



A Winchester rifle 



shotgu 



for a 



man 



16 or 20 gauge shotgun for an out-of-door 
girl; or a .22 caliber rifle or a shotgun for 



will make a very acceptable 



mas 



sake of com 



ness, include 



supply 



Winchester 



shotg 



One can spend a little or a good deal of 
money for a Winchester g 



made 



various 



which sell 
;es ranging all the way from $3.50 for 
:tle single shot to $500 or more for an 
>orately engraved and ornamented rifle 
shotgun. Your local dealer can tell 
. all about them. 



WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO. 

NEW HAVEN, CONN. 



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San Diego's Evolutionary 



Exposition 



By 

JERRE C. MURPHY 



A Twelve-Month Summer School of Efficiency 



art 

1 > i g 



DOES a ii y 
old mas- 
ter of the 
o f hunting 

game know 
whether Colonel 
Roosevelt ever 
saw a mocking 
bird vanquish a 
cat V The action 
has taken place. 

II was by no 

trickery, through 

no fluke, bu1 Cor 
merits a n <i re- 
peatedly. I have 
an Intimate, pro- 
Longed, and joy- 
ful acquaintance 

w hli the bird. 

He w a s firs i 

obsen ed early in 

the year — pos- 
sibly February, 
probably March. 
He was on the 
pinnacle of a 

star - pine tree, 

chirping in an em 
phatic ami per 
slstent way to a 
somewhat small- 
er i) i r d of the 
same feathered 
tribe which was 

quietly 

on a 1 o w e r 




resl Ing 



San Diego blends in her Fair buildings — here it 
is the Science and Education Building— Span- 
ish and Moorish and Mission styles 



branch, making 

much use of Its eyes after the fashion 

Of its kind. Despite Sex problems and 

marriage tyranny and political Inequali- 
ties, plainly love again would have its 

way, and here was the beginning of a 
new family, for better or worse. 

Mrs. Bird's Home Life 

MR. MOCKING BIRD was singing 
from the tree top the glories and 
enhancing values of an unobstructed 
view site, while Mrs. Mocking Bird, 
nearer ground, was looking for closet 
room and accommodations for unosten- 
tatious hanging out clothes. Suddenly 
the female bird gave a shrill note oi 
warning and Hew away, followed quickly 
by a silenced mate. Beneath the tree, 

Willi Svengali eyes still turned upward, 

was that fine Angora cat. Next morning 

the birds were back, not in the seant- 

limbed pine, but In an adjacent thick- 
leafed greal palm tree, laying the foun- 
dation for a home far mil on one of the 

upper leaves, where no wise cat would 

go. It was a full month later when 

cat and bird made public appearance to- 
gether. Seemingly Mrs. Bird had can- 
celed all social engagements and was 

employed exclusively by home and fam- 
ily affairs. Besides meeting the ne- 
cessity of providing for two and his 
multiplied responsibilities as head of 
a household, Mr. Bird did most of the 
mocking for a considerable neighbor- 
hood, lie worked overtime to do it, 
nights and Sundays and legal holidays. 
mimicking every bird noise from the peep 

Of a chicken in distress to the caw of 

a crow during daytime, mocking himself 
to keep in practice after sending the 

uightingale to bed in the dark hours. 

Mr. Bird Mocks Mrs. Angora 

JFST at this critical time in the career 
of the mocking bird, which was a tine 

morning last May, the Angora eat. 

washed and combeil in style becoming 

its ancestry and station, marched down 

the sidewalk to make a few formal calls 

on the neighbors and to pay a friend l\ 

visit to a nearby canon lot where an 

aromatic herb (Nejpeta cataria) flour- 
ishes. It started across the street with 
slew and measured step*, displaying the 
ripe dignity Of conscious wealth of 
power. As it came almost in line with 

the star-pine tree, a tiny shadow swept 
along the highway. The cat paused to 
observe. Mr. Mocking Bird swung within 

a half inch of the cat's ear and as he 
passed dropped the best imitation of the 
old Rebel yell of 1863 ever emitted from 

so small an Instrument The cat was 
visibly surprised and manifestly annoyed. 
It was astonished and distressed live sec 



ends later when 

the bird made 

t h e return trip 
over the s a in e 
route, omitting 
the n o isc and 
Utilizing its ver- 
satile little bill 
to collect a n d 
carry along a 

few golden hairs 
from the luxuri- 
ant growth on 

the cat's back. 
The bird flew 

home. The cat 

moved on some- 
what more ra- 
pidly, with more 

affectation and 
less ease appar- 
ent in its show 

of composure. < >f 

course the cat 
came b a ck in 
time. The bird 
played a return 

engagement with 

variations. 1 1 
waited patiently 
on other d a y 
for ne w oppor- 
tunities. It pur- 
sued a n d per- 
plexed a n d lie- 
• deviled that cat 

till the animal 
confessed defeat 

by surrendering the open field and seek- 
ing new routes of travel. 

The foregoing trifling little true story 

is offered as Exhibit A in the case of thi 
San Diego Exposition v8. An Indifferent 
and Selfish World. Because what the 
eagle is to free people, what the owl is 

to modern standpatters, the mocking 

bird appears to be to San Diego folk: a 
constant source of inspiration and cour- 
age and pride and joy. In the conception 
and birth and growth and trials and tri- 
umphs of the San Diego Exposition there 

has been demonstrated an infinite ca- 
pacity for giving and borrowing and do- 
Ing and inventing and soaring and fall- 
ing and singing and fighting and flatter- 
ing and boasting and achieving. And 
with these assets the mocking bird 

earned its name and fame. 

San Diego Speaks for Herself 

Till) makers of San Diego could, and 
did. glory in the town's possession of 
20,000 inhabitants in the year 1905. 
Counting tourists and Mexican laborers 
there may have been something more 
than ."10. (KM) people within the spacious 

pueblo limits in August, 1909. Then and 
there it was solemnly proposed that a 
World's Fair in San Diego would be a 
fitting celebration of the opening of the 
Panama Canal in 1915, as well as an en- 
terprise becoming to the growing ambi- 
tions and importance of the town as tin 4 

first Pacific port of call in United States 
territory. Honesty compels the confes- 
sion that the chief material assets of the 
city at that time consisted of the large 
and handsome bay harbor, in much the 
same stage of development and com- 
mercial use as when Father Junipero 
Serra founded the Spanish Mission and 
town in 1760, and a climate incomparable 
in the United States for even range of 

temperature throughout tin* year, made 
delightful to human sensibilities by a 

blending of sun kissed atmosphere with sea- 
kissed breezes. These resources were reeil- 

forced by a second generation of the men 

tnspired with the abiding hope and confi- 
dence that gave creation to the great, and 

greatly disastrous, boom era last century. 

For Fame and Future 

THIS working force was sustained by 
the support and dignity of a small 

group of men with acquired fortunes. 

Such Mas the expanded village layout 

with which San Diego cheerfully offered 
to engage in competition with State and 
national metropolises in the World's Fair 

business, and to wager its future on the 
result. 

Credit for the inception of the work 

belongs to <!. Aubrey Davidson, in L909 










's/r*sssrsssss*f**w*0to 



wnmMWMi 



*w«w«www/« 



***■ 













president of the Local commerce organize 
lion and «>f a bank. His suggestion was 
approved forthwith. An exposition com- 
pany was Incorporated Immediately. 

Stock to the ainonnl ^ $1,000,000 was 

subscribed by citizens. 
San Diego Wakes Up 

WHEN San Francisco and New Or- 
leans borrowed the San DiegO idea 

and enquired in a contest to decide which 
one should gather the fruit <>t* it. the San 
Diego champions yielded right of way | 

the might «>f greater wealth and* iii 

fluence. The exposition officials made a 

business as well as a virtue of Loyalty 

to California, and secured an agreement 
in writing with the San Francisco fair 
managers. Thereby ii was stipulated 
that there should be two expositions in 
California in 1915, San Diego t<> confine 
her efforts in exploitation to the south- 
western United states. Mexico, Central 

and South America, giving the re 

malnder of the world to the west-coast 

metropolis. 

From this necessary change of plan 

San Die £ o 
evolved a scheme I 
for an exposi- 
tion o\~ the his- 
tory a n d de- 
velopment of the 

peoples and coun- 
tries of the new 
w o r 1 (1 brought 

-u n d o r Spanish 

conquest, a n d 
a d o p t e d the 
method of "proc- 
esses instead of 

products" t o r 

her exhibition of 

progress In t h e 

United States. A 

t rac I of 614 
acres, consisting 

of high m a s 
and deep cafions 

In their wild 

state on high 
ground, C o m - 

manding superb 

views Of C i t y , 
bay, ocean. 



islands, and 

mountain, w a s 

selected for an 

exposition site. 
San l ttego issued 

bonds for almost 

sj.000,000 f r 

permanent pari 
improve- 

ments. The State 
of California ap- 
propriated $250,- 
000 for a perma- 
nent building on 

this exposition 

site to be de- 
voted to a mu- 
seum of State 

history. The 
eight counties of 
'Southern Cali- 
fornia" contrib- 
uted more than a 
like sum to pro- 
vide for their ex- 
hibition building 

and an outdoor 

growing exhibit. 

Counties within 

the v a St San 
Joaquin and 

s a c r a m out o 

volleys, w h i c ii 

cover t h e cen- 
tral part of the 
State to the 

northern border, 

followed the ex- 
ample of collec- 
tive specializing 

prise. Thus the 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 

taughl thai a locality with fluctuations 

Of climate throughout many yens so 
Slight thai its weather might be recorded 

by a horizontal thermometer offered 
quite as delightful refuge from summer 
heat as from winter cold. Visitors be- 
came investors. Transients turned Lnto 

residents. Within a tour year term of 

endeavor a grand total of more than 

$40,000,000 has been expended for public 
Utilities, city improvements, and private 

building enterprises, in this town which 

had lain dormant and been reputed dead 

tor a full quarter century following the 
"husted-boom" indigene to almost every 

ambitions new town in the West. Conies 

now a season of horrible nightmare to the 
talented artists of the fain land play. 

Never Told Their Troubles 



21 



B 



THE NATIONAL WEEKLY 

Dec. 12, 1914 




Do Not Miss the 

Christmas Number 

Mary Roberts Rinehart's 
Beautiful Story 

"The Truce of God" 

James Whitcomb Riley's 

Latest Poem, the First 
He Has Written in Years 



Wh 



Overheard " 

And a Number of Other 
Remarkable Features 



for exposition enter 

.. _ exposition projectors 

provided a site, now cheaply appraised 
at $4,000,000, and more than a like sum 
in real money Cor buildings and exploits 
tion. A small army of San Diego 
"boosters" was sent abroad in the world. 
These successors to the oarly mission 

fathers of California were to ereate in- 
terest, convert skeptics, convince princes. 
potentates, governors, lawmakers, manu- 
facturers—everybody ami anybody — with 

exhibiting and appropriating powers. 

In eighteen months' time San DiegO 

had been located on the map. The late 
E. II. Harriman was discovered t<» be 
behind the building of a new transcon 
tinental railway with sea terminals at 
San Diego's "harbor of the sun." Realty 

values multiplied. Hundreds <>f winter 
tourists became thousands. These were 



place so Important as San Diego or an 
undertaking so dependent upon general 
prosperity .-is an international exposi 
tion. The ruction in Mexico subtracted 
one of the most promising exhibitors 

and one of the 
most fruit fill 

fields for ex- 
ploitation work. 
Brazil, whose in- 
terest and good 
offices h a d been 

enlisted early, ex- 

p e r i e n c e d a 

e h a n i;e of ad- 
ministration and 
policy and 

abandoned larg 

plans for the 
fair. Many St. -it 

legislatures 

w li Ich h a d 
shown apprecia- 
tion sided at tl; 
a p p r o p r i a - 

tion point Ex- 
hibitors in t h e 

nation a l field 
were found coy 

and reluctant to 
peek stimulation 

i f business in a 

stagnant market 

by extraordinary 
publicity ex- 
penses. 

The builders 

and the man- 
agers and the 
men w h o col- 
lected f u n d s 
never told their 

troubles. They 
simply discov- 
ered two new 

miracle workers. 

Colonel David 

Charles Collier 
decided that San 
Diego could give 
the world somi 

thing new in the 

•.position line 

more attractive 

to visitors than 

anything hereto- 
fore known. 1 >i- 

r e c t o r General 

Davis added the 

d et a il of effi- 
ciency in service 
to efficiency of 

construction i n 
accord with the 
Collier purpose 
and es th e t i 

plan. 

Colonel Collier 

accumulated a 

fortune in S a n 
DiegO, and spent 
much of it in 

San Diego Exposition. He 

three continents and over 



Santa 



promoting tin 
traveled into 

most States of the Union in the work. 
He refused all salary for his four years 

of Service, paid his own expenses of 

travel, and quit only when lie could no 
longer live and work without pay. When 
he returned to his home city after his 
retirement from fair work ho was wel- 
comed with a reception by thousands of 

people and given a loving cup big enough 
for a water cooler. He returned the com- 
pliments with the announcement that he 

had accepted the presidency of a railroad 

company organized to build a short line 

route from Denver to San DiegO through 

new territory. 

H. O. Davis created ;) very favorable 

Impression when he first met the exposi- 
tion officials as one of the county com- 
missioners from the Sacramento Valley 

"XCT C ' TH ••—•••———— ~~ , | iiiiiii ri i nii nii m ii ii ii H i nnmj 







V 



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Third Call for 

Christmas Dinner 

yet the only response is the merry click of the 
balls as mother hanks the number "7" — right i?ito 
the corner pocket! 

"Bully shot!" cries Master Dick. 

Father groans — "That finishes me!" 

"And it also ends this hunger strike," adds mother. 

A good laugh all around. Then they're off to 
the dining room, where everybody plays the whole 
game over at the feast ! 



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22 



■ 

COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 





In Oil Storage and Economy 



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serving oil excels Nature's way. Where 
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Where nature allows oil to be lost 
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They made inquiries and learned that he 
had been extremely efficient in a highly 
responsible position in Chicago; so he 
w as induced i<> come t<» San l >iego, and 1ms 
proved a valuable and satisfactory num. 

Handing It to Mr. Davis 

AYOrxCJ newspaper man with Chicago 
experience, employed In exposition 
work for a time, told the story : 

"II. O.? He's the first page and worth 
the space in any man's paper. STou'll 
know him the first time you meet him. 
lie's all there all the time. When he 
reached San Diego the officials were 
ready with a lot of fine talk about what 
the Sacramento Valley people could do 
here. He reciprocated with a few Ideas 
aiioul what the San Diego Exposition 
could do to make the other doing worth 
while. A short time later they asked him 
to come again, and Invited him to take 
up work in line with his ideas. That was 
in January. 1013. In July he was made 
Director General. He can hand down 
more decisions in ten hours than ;i 
United stales Supreme Court will In ten 
years, and they will be just as final and 

;i lot more explicit." 

Here is .Mr. Davis's solution of the ex- 
position problem as it lias been worked 

out by and for San I >iego. 

"There was forced on San Diego the 

realization that if the smaller city was 

to hold a successful exposition it must be 
radically different from any other 
World's Fair. To-day that difference is 

discernible. In 1915 it will be obvious. 
In the years to follov it will be insistent 

and unmistakable. Briefly it is the dif- 
ference Let ween teni] mrji ry display and 

permanent development. Each effort has 
its place without opposition to the other. 
San Diego evolved the idei of showing 
t< every visitor not the finished product 
but the process. That is true of agricul- 
ture and of manufacture, of the reality 

and potentiality in both. 

Ho m eseekers — Ha il ! 

tt T \'. are building what we believe to 
VV be a constructive exposition, the 

first of its kind one that will not. we 

are convinced, leave stagnation behind 
ii : one that will appeal with correspond- 
ing force to banker, to manufacturer, to 
seller, and where even the casual tourist 
may come for and get amusement, and 
:o away with an education. Thar will. 



< 



we expect, give impetus to the settlement 

of the land and the development of our 

agricultural resources, it will, we hope. 

point the way toward the solution of the 

greatest problem facing the United States 
to-day. the concentration of population 
in the cities and the turning of the tide 
back i" the land. 

"A city's territory is limited only by 
the competition of other cities, and. with 

the exception of certain natural re 

sources peculiar to some localities, that 
competition is defined by transportation 
facilities and rates. To determine just 
what the Panama Canal means to San 
Diego, and to find the limits of our hack 

country, we took freight rates on com 

modities originating In the manufactur- 
ing centers of the Mast, carried them by 

rail to salt water brought them through 

the canal to San Diego and again car- 
ried them eastward by rail until we met 

competing freight rates by rail from the 
point of origin. That far we can deliver 

merchandise from eastern factories for 
less money than can be done in any 

other manner. Ry like rules, we can take 
products from there to the markets of 
the Atlantic seaboard and Europe for 
less money than they ,-an be shipped 
otherwise. We find that San Diego can 

thus serve a million square miles of ter- 
ritory, roughly bounded by El Paso. Den- 
ver. Salt Lake City, and Tonopah, Xev. 



fy/,/,,,,,,/,,ss/fs//'jr/'S''''''""""""""""""""""""""""""""* 

"We secured a force Of expert statis- 
ticians and now have exhaustive data 

embracing the following information for 
this territory by States, counties, and 
valleys: the total area of each valley, the 
length of the growing sea on, the princi- 
pal farm products, the water resources, 
the distance from transportation, the 
total acreage under cultivation by Irri- 
gation and by dry-farming methods, the 
percentage of increase In cultivation in 
the last three years, the acreage yet 

available for cultivation by both methods 
n f farming. This information is in mi- 
nute detail on f\('vy valley or plain of 
•j. (Kiti acres or over. 

New Thoughts for the Farm 

Tnrs the San Diego Exposition will 
Inaugurate n great practical 'back- 
to-the hind' movement that should result 
in great good to the entire country. We 
have devised an entirely new method of 
conveying Information to the homeseeker. 

A visitor can learn tin- certain place 

where crops in which he w interested 
can be grown, can locate land availabli 
\\<v the desired use. learn its proximity 
to markets, it- environment as regards 
home, educational, ami religious advan- 
tages. (»n the model farm and on the 
demonstration fields at our exposition 
the men will tind exhaustive exhibits of 
labor-saving machinery in actual u .-it 
real farm work throughout the entire 
year. In the Home Economy building 
and in the model farm buildings, the 

women will see in use the aids that 

modern invention gives t<» remove drudg- 
ery from the farm home. 

"The same scheme of animate progres- 
sive exhibition has been carried out in 

every possible department. Ninety-five 
per cent of our exhibition space is taken 
now — not by miscellaneous applications 

of mere advertisers, but taken under 

contracts, actionable in law. by agents 

-cut out by us to desired exhibitors. No 
more than two exhibit- of a kind are 
accepted, and our exhibitors includi 

above 600 of the leading industrial con- 
cerns of the country. There is a 

mile of amusement frontage on 

Isthmus, the •Midway' of our fair, 

no concession has been granted to 

fair-worn show or for any fake 
formal . One hundred acres are 

ered by fifteen general exhibit and main 

buildings, a like area is given to the 

county and state ami foreign buildings. 
Landscape gardens ami parkings will oc- 
cupy 200 acres. .\s much m< ground 
is devoted to citrus ami other fruits. 

orchards, and to model farm and demon- 
stration fields. 

A Year of Flozccrs 



full 

the 

and 

any 

pei 

cov- 



" 



VY 



r - — j _ 

with veritable wildernesses of r<>ses al- 
ways in bloom ami evergreen groves of 

palms and acacias and eucalyptus and pep- 
per trees, ami vines, and flowers, an 

shrubs in -renter variety than can be col- 
lected in all seasons from every otto 

pail of the United States, with our mih 

<»f colonnades grown out of the archit 
tural scheme of Spanish-Moorish designs, 

ami our myriad attractive features of 

environment we shall not claim the 
greatest fair in world history : but fov 

"'on. women, and children, whether 

seeking promotion of business, profitable 
knowledge or variety of entertainment. 
we will be prepared to proem the most 
complete collection ever yet brought to- 
gether of Processes that Produce. 

"The San Diego Exposition will open 
at midnight of December 31, 1914, and 
will remain open day and evening until 

midnight, December 31, I'M.', it will 
open without debt and with monej in 

the bank." 




v* 



m mm " imi mi i tn^wm mwm ^m i 



German Sea Raiders 



I Continued from page I I 

and ammunition were hidden on various 

parts of the island. These hiding places 

were located and their contents de 
st roved. That accomplished, the \iini- 
bcrg and the collier weighed anchors and 

steamed away. 

I'ntil November 1 the world heard 
nothing of the \ iimbcrff. On the night 

of October II. however, persons on the 

island of St. Felix, about 300 miles off 

the coast of Chile, saw a great Hash in 

the sky. The explosion that caused it 
was so far away that it was beard only 
as a rumble. Two days later, however, 
there were washed up on the beach of the 

island shattered fragments of what had 



Soft «-oal 

the cracks 
that were 






been Woodwork on a collier. 

<lnst was found crammed in 

<'f every two pieces of wood 

Joined toget her. 

V" November I the VUmberg. with the 
Kcharnhorst, Gnrtecnmt, ffj *<■«, and 

'/'-"/. (unk Part in an engagement 

with the British Meet under Sir Chris 

! I , .; |,lu l M ; <>adock off Valparaiso, Chll 
i ne British cruisers aood lh>,» aud M<>„ 

'""""' wo.v sunk in that battle, the tirst 

™ any consequence between vessels of 

nu ; s; '">o class, and other British war 

«hips wee damaged. The Admiralt 
« ye days after the battle, announced that 

Sir ( hnstopher had gone down with tl 































COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



23 















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The 



Gift that 



Pleases 



Every Man 



humidor of famous Tuxedo 



ved 



Last Christmas thousands of men 
and this year the number will be 



increased by many 



hum 



lm 



weeks 



office or by 



whiff will 



you to him in pleased and thankful revery. 

Tuxedo can be smoked all day long without causing the slightest irritation to 
the smoker's throat or mouth, as is proved by the endorsement of Tuxedo by men like 
Caruso, William Faversham, Harry Lauder, and thousands of famous Americans in 
professional, public and business life. 

Tuxedo is made from the finest, mildest leaves of high-grade Burley tobacco, care- 
fully cured and aged so that it burns slow and cool, with delightful flavor and aroma. 



Tuxedo 



advantage 



over other tobaccos — of the exclusive original 



"Tuxedo Process," which absolutely prevents "tongue-bite." The Humidor Jar 
keeps it fresh and moist to the last pipeful. 

Tuxedo is endorsed by thousands of distinguished 

public men as the one perfect tobacco. 






You Can 
Buy Tuxedo 
Everywhere 



Illustration 
about two- 



Uir 



size 



real jar 






■it 



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In Glass 
Humidors, 
50c and 90c 






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THE AMERICAN 
TOBACCO COMPANY 






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24 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5 



19 14 



















The Three Great War Numbers 



OF THE 




w 



WAR ISSUE No 1 
SEPTEMBER 5, 1914 



WITH SPECIAL TRIAL SUBSCRIPTION OFFER 

TO THE READERS OF COLLIER'S 

AR Issue No. 1 of the Scientific American gives exact 

and detailed information concerning the Armies of the 

countries engaged, their 

comparative strength, 
armament, signal and tele- 
graph service, medical and 
ambulance service, etc. 

The comparative size and 

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Entente and 
Dual Alliance — illus- 
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battleships, cruisers, tor- 
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bre, weight, velocity, etc. 
— aeroplanes and dirigibles 
of each nation. Illustrated 
by 110 photographs and 
War Map in four colors. 




strength of the N 
the Triple 



e 
the 



WAR ISSUE NO 

OCTOBER 3, 1914 



; 



















WAR ISSUE N2 

How Fort 5 are Reduc 

Conslrud:ronrf«i"TurrcU[(| 

The Mechanic*. ! 
Submarine Boa' ■■• J 



War Issue No. 2 fully describes the 
French, Belgium and German forti- 
fications, Army trenches, big Siege 
Guns of Germany and Austria, with 
illustrations; Our Latin-American 
opportunity" with opinions from 
prominent business men and au- 
thoritative history of the United 
States Merchant Marine. 

War Issue No. 3 tells of the wonder- 
ful efficiency of the German, French 
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illustrations of the Japanese Navy, 
and most interesting data on Torpe- 
does, Submarines, and Armoured 
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These three great numbers of the 
Scientific American give one full 
and accurate data concerning the 
War, the Armies, Navies, Forts, 
Aeroplanes and Submarines. Each 
article by an expert authority. 

Every numberof the Scientific Amer- 
ican, from now until the end of the 
War, will contain authoritative il- 
lustrated articles on the War and 
the progress of the contending 
Armies and Navies. 



HERE IS AN EXCEPTIONAL OFFER 

The three great War Numbers (price 25 cents each) and the 
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munn o., .. regarding this, the greatest War of all time. 

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\ DO THIS NOW. YOU WILL WANT 

Name \ TO PRESERVE THESE NUMBERS 

AddriJH8 \ OF THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN. 

p.o MUNN & COMPANY, Inc. 

• , \ 361 Broadway New York City 




were also lost 

after it was 
steamed into 

That was the 



crew of 900 men and officers on his ship. 
Approximately a thousand more men 

in the engagement. And 

over the German ships 

Valparaiso and coaled. 
first time since the war 
started that these vessels had SOUght a 
port to take on fuel. Several days later 

the Leipzig accompanied the Dresden, 

which had made her way around Cape 
Horn from the Atlantic, into Valparaiso. 
There the Dresden coaled. 

The other German warships disappeared 
after they left Valparaiso. Where they 
went is not known as this is written. It is a 
safe assumption, however, that the 
Kaiser'snaval strategists, sitting in Berlin 
three years ago, determined all that. 

What Every German Captain Knows 

THE British fleet steamed into am- 
bush off the coast of Chile — this is 
admitted, even by the Admiralty. There 
is reason to believe that the Germans 
knew, for two weeks prior to the battle, 

the exact: location of the British ships. 

On the war maps of the seven seas 
given to the commanders of German 
ships there was a little red cross some- 
where between the const of South Amer- 
ica and Easter Island. The exact loca- 
tion of that cross I do not know. But 
the German ships that engaged the Brit- 
ish fleet off Valparaiso gathered there 

about October 15. They came from all 

parts of the Pacific. 

The German cruisers that have oper- 
ated in the Atlantic have been handi- 
capped to a certain extent because only 
three of their base ships succeeded in 
reaching spots where they could be of 
any service. Of these one was the Kron- 

prinz Wilhelm, which sneaked out of 

New York at the very beginning of the 

war, loaded to her utmost capacity with 
coal. The Kronprinz was caught once 
coaling the cruiser Karlsruhe. Soon after 
that an English cruiser intercepted wire- 
less messages passing between the Dres- 
den and the Kronprinz Wilhelm. 

What has become of the Kronprinz Wil- 
helm since then? She has not been cap- 
tured. She has not put into any port. 
Her coal has been taken by warships, and 
it has been physically impossible for her 
to reach any port in Germany. 

One of two things has happened to this 

steamer — she has either been sent to some 
remote spot in the Caribbean Sea or been 
sunk by a German war vessel to prevent 

her from being captured. The last con- 
clusion is the more probable. One thing 
is certain: the Kronprinz Wilhelm is of 
no more use to the German Government. 

Raids and Romance 

THE Karlsruhe and the Dresden, oper- 
ating in the Atlantic, have been fortu- 
nate in their campaign against British 
shipping. All told, they have sunk twelve 
English ships. But before the German 
guns opened fire on the captives the coal 
aboard them was transferred, if needed, 
to the bunkers of the cruisers. Only once 
in three months has either one of them 
put into port. In their activity, the two 
German ships have burned probably more 
than twelve times the quantity of coal 
they can carry. 

The cruiser Emdcn, which was termed 
by the English, who always appreciate 

daring and valor, "The {Terror of the 
East.'' was hunted by every English. 
French, and Japanese ship in the terri- 
tory in which she operated until the 
speedy Australian cruiser Sydney, on No- 
vember 9, drove her ashore on the Keel- 
ing Islands in the Indian Ocean and de- 
stroyed her. None of them, with the ex- 
ception of those that met destruction at 

her hands, those she showed her heels to, 
and the Sydney, even saw her smoke. She 
coaled in no port during all her opera- 
tions and yet her wake was written in 
many waters. 

The Emden's raids were periodical. 
She struck and made her escape a dozen 
times. Before she went down she sank 

twenty-two ships flying flags of the allied 
nations. Her shells destroyed more than 
$5,000,000 worth of shipping. She 
stopped at no dare-devil exploit She 
even disguised herself to carry out her 
mission of destruction. 

How the Em den Coaled 

f~\N September 22 "The Terror of the 
^^ East" steamed into the harbor of 
Madras flying a French flag. When she 
was within range, the Hag fluttered 
down. The German ensign was run up 
instead and she let go with her batteries 
at the shore. Some of the shells tore 

through the great oil tanks and set them 
afire. The Emden's next raid, which was 




probably the most spectacular of her 

career, "was made at Penang. There she 

steamed boldly into the harbor under the 
protection of the disguise afforded by a 

.Japanese flag and a dummy funnel. She 
quickly shelled Russian and French tor- 
pedo boats, and then hurried out to sea 
again. The torpedo boats went down. 

The Emdcn was enabled to carry out 
her work by three base ships. One was 
Stationed somewhere near the center of 
the Indian Ocean. There is reason to believe 

thatthe other two were originally stationed 

away down on the globe, near the north- 
ern limit of the flow of ice from the 
Antarctic. There is probably no more re- 
mote spot anywhere on the face of the 
earth. In times of peace a ship is prac- 
tically an unknown quantity in that part 
of the Pacific Ocean. 

The Emden, like the Karlsruhe and the 
Dresden, has, of course, taken some coal 
and provisions from the merchant ships 

she has captured. After the Sydney met 
and destroyed her the British Admiralty 

announced that some weeks prior to that 

time the Emden had been surprised by 
warships while taking coal from two mer- 
chantmen. The Emden's superior speed 
saved her from capture or destruction. 
The Emden was so well supplied at 
other times that she did not bother to 
remove coal or provisions from some of 

the ships she captured. On one occasion 
the crew of a British vessel that had been 
serving as a transport was given fifteen 

minutes to get off. At the end of that 

time the Emden's guns opened fire on the 

ship and quickly sent her to the bottom. 

Impudent — and Immune 

THINK of this: of all the German war 
vessels that have been engaged in de- 
stroying commerce of the allied nations, 
only two have met destruction at this 
writing — nearly four months after war 
was declared. The vessel destroyed, be- 
sides the Emden, was the auxiliary 

cruiser Kaiser Wilhelm der Qrosse, which 

was sent to the bottom of the Atlantic 
Ocean by the British cruiser Highflyer. 
The engagement took place off the coast 

of Africa : the Kaiser Wilhelm der Qrosse 

was surprised while coaling. 

The Koniffsoerg, which was in Asiatic 
waters when the war broke out, and 

has been active off the east coast 
of Africa, has been '■accounted for" by 
the British Admiralty. The Konigsoerg 

is bottled up in the harbor at Mafia 
Island, on the coast of German East 
Africa. After sinking two British mer- 
chant ships in the Gulf of Aden theKonigs- 

berg steamed south. She engaged and dis- 
abled the British cruiser Pegasus in Zan- 
zibar harbor. Then she went to Mafia 
Island. When she was inside the harbor 
the British and French blocked the 
channel. It remains to be seen whether 
the Konigsberg can make her escape. 

Of course, it is a physical impossibility 
for the German ships to continue to sup- 
ply themselves indefinitely from their 
base ships. And the ammunition the 
Germans are known to have for years 
had stored on various uninhabited, out- 
of-the-way islands in the seven seas can- 
not last forever. But until their supplies 
are exhausted or they are surprised at 
their work by an overwhelming force of 
the enemies' ships, the Kaiser's sea 
raiders will continue effectively to prey 
upon the commerce of the nations allied 
against the Fatherland. 

If the Germans should be successful in 

capturing one of the enemies' coaling sta- 
tions (and they have made several at- 
temps in this direction), the war vessels 
may bring in the base ships that have 
not been destroyed, have their supplies 
replenished and then take them off and 
hide them again. If all the base ships 
have been exhausted and sent to the bot- 
tom of the sea before then, the German 
war vessels will simply cease to operate. 
Without coal they would be of no more 

value to Germany than so many canal boats. 
The Terrors of the Sea 

TT may be that the Japanese and Eng- 
lish war vessels, released from duty be- 
fore Tsing-tau when the German for- 
tresses there fell, will meet with the infe- 
rior force Of German commerce dest rovers 
and put an end to their operations. The 
Ships that were before Tsing-tau were 

dispatched across the Pacific as soon as 
they could be spared with Instructions to 

hunt down and destroy the German ships. 
But until that fleet or some other suc- 
ceeds m its mission or until the Germans' 

supplies give out. they undoubtedly will 
continue to deserve the name officers of 

I'*; neutral navies have given them— 
The Terrors of the Sea" 



• 



V7W»>y/y///y//ys*ixt^^ 

I \ ^wOTSW ypy mmm u mmMi m i iwwmw i miH iiii — „„ 

» M « M * m« ( « H it»tiiMin i «i ii i ii irn i MM^<^^ 



v. 

»««»»«»«««««»»««« , 



W//WS////////S/SSS//S. 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



. 







San Francisco 

[Continued from page IS) 

"Pied Piper," balancing the continent 
against his "Old King Colo." in the 
Knickerbocker bar, in New York). r n \ 
say it about the Cliff House (with its 

Sorrento setting, its seals barkinsr on the 

rocks below, and its hectic turkey- 
trotting nights), about Tait's, and 

Solari's, and the Techau, and Frank's, 
and the Poodle Dog, and Man-hand's, 
and Coppa's, and all the other restau- 
rants: about the private dining rooms 
iwlnch are a San Francisco specialty), 
about the pretty girls (which are an- 
other specialty), about the clubs (which 
are still another), about cable cars. 
taxicabs, flowers, shrimps, crabs, sand 
dabs (which are fish almost as good 
as English sole), and about everything 
else. They use it instead Of "if you 

please," "thank you." "good morning," 
and "good nignt." If there are no 
Strangers to say it to, they say it to one 

another. If you admire a man's wife 
and children, he will say it. and the same 

thing occurs if you approve of his new hat 

A Note on Flavors 

WHILE in San Francisco, I noted 
down a number of odd items, some 

of them unimportant, which, when added 
together, have much to do with the flavor 
of the town. Having used the word 
"flavor." I may as well begin with drinks. 
Drinks cut an important figure in San 
Francisco life, as is natural in a wine- 
producing country. The merit of the 
best California wines is not appreciated 
in the East. Some of them are very 
good — much better, indeed, than a great 

deal of tin 4 imported wine brought from 

Europe. I have even tasted a California 

champagne which compares creditably 

with the ordinary run of French cham- 
pagne, though when it conies to special 

vintages, California has not attained the 
French level. 

"When my companion and I were in 
San Francisco a prohibition wave was 
threatening. Such a movement in a wine- 
producing country engenders very strong 
feelinff and I found, attached to the 

bills-of-fare in various restaurants, ear- 
nest pleas, addressed to voters, to turn 

out and cast their ballots against the 

temperance menace. 

of prohibition the town had already 
had a taste — if one may use the ex- 
pression. The reform movement had 
struck the Barbary ('oast, the rule, at 
the time of our visit, being that there 
should be no dancing where alcoholic 
drinks were served, and no drinks where 
there was dancing. This law was en- 
forced and it made the former region of 
festivity a sad place. "Even the sailors 
and marines sitting abou f the dance 
halls, consuming beer substitutes at a 
dollar a bottle, were melancholy figures, 

appearing altogether unresponsive to the 

sirens who surrounded them. 

Chinatown, 1914 

AS to Chinatown, those who knew it be- 
. fore the lire declare that its charm is 
gone, but my companion and I found in- 
terest in its shops, its printing offices 
and, most of all, in its telephone ex- 
change. 

The San Francisco Telephone Direc- 
tory has a section devoted to China- 
town, in which the names of Chinese 
subscribers are printed in both English 
and Chinese characters. Thus, if I wish 
to telephone to Boo Cay, Are Too, Chew 
Chu & Co., Doo Kee, Fat Hoo, the Gee 
How Tong, (J urn Hoo, Hang Far Low, 
Jew Bark, Joke Key. King Gum, Shee 
Duck Co., Tin Hop & Co., To To Bete 
Shy, Too Too Guey, Wee Chun, Win^ 
On & Co., Yet Bun Hung, Yet Ho, Yet 
You, or Yue Hock, all of whom I find in 
the directory— if I wish to telephone to 
them, I can look them up in English and 
call "China 148," or whatever the num- 
ber may be. But. if a Chinaman who can- 
not read English wishes to call, he calls 
by name only, which makes it necessary 
for operators to remember not merely 
the name and number of each Chinese 
subscriber, but to speak English and 
Chinese— including the nine Chinese 

provincial dialects. 

Mr. Loo's Hello Girls 

'HE operators are, of course. Chinese 




25 




T; 



girls, and the exchange, which has 

over a thousand subscribers, representing 
about a tenth of the population of the 

Chinese district, is under the manage- 
ment of Mr. Loo Kum Shu, who was 
born in California and educated at the 



•(//////////////////////////////A ' ''"""/A 







High Grade Apparatus for 
Every Electrical Purpose 




Special List of 

Electrical Gifts for 
Christmas 

(Send for booklet) 

Electric Breakfast Sets: 

Cook breakfast at 
the table in 15 
minutes. No. 4266. 







General Utility 
Motor: Unique. 
One motor will run sewing 
machine, polish silverware, 
sharpen knives and has a 
dozen other 
uses. Booklet 
No. 4219. 

Sewing Ma- 
chine Motor : 

Makes play of sewing. Runs 
any family ma- 
chine. Booklet 
No. 4152. 

Electric Irons : 

For all house- 
hold and many 

other purposes. No. 4281. 





\ 



■ 






Special List of 

Electrical Gifts for 

Christmas 

(Send for booklet) 

Electric Cooking Devices : 

Including Toaster-Stoves, 
Percolators, Chafing Dishes, 
S a movars, 
Frying Pans, I 
Milk Warm- 
ers, etc. No. 
4197. 

Electric Curling Irons: Hot 

when wanted. No soot. No 
fumes. No. 4265. 

Small Motors: Great time, 

laborandmoney 

savers in the 

home, office, 

store and shop. 

Booklet No. 

4230. 

Electric Radiators 

nous and radiator 
types. No. 4197. 

Heating Pads: 

The modern suc- 
cessor of the hot 
water bottle. No. 4197. 




Lumi- 




TWTANY of your friends use electricity for lighting, but some may have 
-" ± missed the many other phases of household helpfulness which comes 
from the use of such electrical devices as are shown in the above special 
Christmas list 



from 



may be obtained from your Electric Light Company 



them 



which vou are 



Westin 



EN 



Send for any 



Polishing and Grinding Motors : For 

jewelers, opticians, dentists, hotels, 
machine shops, garages 
and homes. Booklet No. 
4220. 




Dental Lathe: Moderate 

price, of the highest reliability. No. 

4257. 

Precision Meters : For making electrical 

measurements of greatest accuracy. 

No. 4087. 

Battery Charging Rectifiers: For 

charging automobile storage batteries. 
Type for electric Vehicle Batteries. 
No. 4201. Vibrating type for ignition 
batteries. No. 4237. For telephone bat- 
teries. No. 4204. 

Instrument Sterilizers: For physicians 
and dentists. Electrically heated. No. 
4218. 

Switchboards: Standard forms and 
built to order for all special purposes. 
No. 1504. 

Water Heaters: Heat water in tanks, 
vats and sterilizers. No. 4240. 

Hat Making Machinery: Electrically 
heated. Easily regulated. No. 1175. 

Electric Vehicle Motors : Interesting 
and useful data for prospective owners 
of electric pleasure and commercial ve- 
hicles. Booklet No. 3223. 

Electric Fans : Over 24 different styles 
and sizes for all purposes. 
No. 4268. 

Arc Lamps: Latest improve- 
ment, long burning flame 
carbon. No. 4258. 

Automobile Fittings: Switches, Soc- 
kets, Fuse boxes, wire, etc., for equipping 
automobiles with electric lights. No. 
4263. 

Small Lighting Generators : One kilo- 
watt steam-driven generator. Will pro- 



vide current for forty 25-watt incandes- 
cent lamps. No. 3695. 

Electric Linotype Pots: Save time 
and money in the printing plant. 
No. 1531. 

Candy Factories: Electrically heated 
chocolate warmers. No. 2476. 

Carpenter Shop: Electrically heated 
glue cookers. No steam or gas piping. 
Can be easily moved about No. 4293. 

Motor-Driven Eraser: For draughting 
rooms. Saves time and tracing cloth. 
No. 4140. 

Ventilating Outfits : Pure air for offices, 
stores, theatres, restaurants, public 
buildings. Full line described in No. 
4256. 

Westinghouse Mazda Lamps: Twice 
the light of old style carbon lamps 
for less than half the cost of cur- 
rent. Light closely resembles sun- 
light. All sizes from 2 )i to 1000 
watts for every kind of service. 
For literature address Westinghouse 
Lamp Co., 1261 Broadway, New York. 

Autombile Equipment : Electric Start- 
ing, Lighting, and Ignition apparatus, 
meters, vulcanizersand battery charging 
oufits. No. 4223. 

Graphic Meters: For analyzing and 
checking factory operations. No. 4160. 

Tailors' Electric Irons : For every shop 
use. No. 4190. 

Moving Picture Rectifiers: Making 
alternating current available for direct 
current arc lamps. No. 4277. 

Electric Meters : Accurate instruments 
to measure current for every purpose. 
No. 4241. 

Ozonizers: Refresh the air, remove 
odors from bedroom, nursery, kitchen, 
smoking-room, theatre, office, store and 
factory. No 4242. 




Electric Meters and How to Read 
Them: Explaining just what the meter 
measures. No. 4032. 

Portable Meters: For every kind of 
electrical measurement. No. 1104. 

Motor Drive for Various Industries 

Publications showing the advantages 
and economies of motor drive in many 
industries, data on the proper motors 
and sizes to use on the various machines, 
and other useful information, are now 
ready. In writing for these, please use 
your business letterhead. 

General — How Electric Power Helps 
Manufacturers. 

Motor-Driven Wood Working Ma- 
chinery: 

Westinghouse Electric Motors in Ma- 
chine Tool Service. 

Electrically Operated Clay Working 
Plants. 

Motor-Driven Pumps. 

Motor-Driven Dairy, Creamery and Ice 
Cream Machinery. 

Motor-Driven Refrigerating and Ice 
Making Machinery. 

Motor-Driven Printing and Cut-making 
Machinery. 

Motor-Driven Baking and Confection- 
ers' Machinery. 

Motor-Driven Laundry Machinery. 

Motor-Drive in Paper Mills. 

Motor-Driven Shovels. 

Motor-Driven Equipment for Garages. 

Motor-Drive in Cotton Spinning Rooms. 

Motor-Drive for Worsted and Woolen 
Looms. 

Motor-Drive in Knitting Mills. 
Motor-Drive in the Silk Industry. 
Electrically Driven Pickers. 
The Illumination of Textile Mills. 



WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO. 



EAST PITTSBURGH 



encan 



World 






26 







COLLIER'S F 



mmmmmmmu ''"i" 1111 " 11 " " " MMM ^ aM ^' WBW ^!fL v yy , 

|jiiuiiiiiiinwinn»nfniininiiiiiii in ■>»«..»i> w /y^e5og^ 



OR DECEMBER 5, 1914 




i/////////s/// 



Mr. Bernard Shaw 



on 
















Formamint 



MANY famous per- 
sons have volunta- 
rily given us testimonials 
to Formamint. 

But Mr. Bernard Shaw 
has paid us the still higher 
compliment of publicly 
treating Formamint as 

"a household word." 
Writing in the Christian Com- 
monwealth (July 3d, 1912), 
he casually refers to Forma- 
mint as a thing universally 
known and used— which in- 
deed it is— for killing bacteria 
in the mouth, and so prevent- 
ing the diseases they cause. 
Mr. Shaw says — and we 
quote this "Shavian" utter- 
ance with all due apologies: 

"When a man . . . puts 
a Formamint lozenge in his 
mouth to kill a jew thousand 
bacilli he is trying to wipe 
out the consequences of old 
mistakes of creation. " 

These "mistakes of crea- 
tion," include the bacilli 
which give us Sore Throat, 
Influenza, Diptheria, Scarlet 
Fever, Measles, etc. 

By the regular use of Form- 
amint you not only guaid 
against the invasion of these 
dangerous health enemies into 
your system, but you help to 
"wipe out" the diseases they 
cause. Formamint comes as a 
pleasant-tasting tablet which 
you simply suck in your 
mouth like candy. 

Formamint is an ideal way 
to overcome and prevent 
infection of the throat and 

mouth. 



A. WULFING & CO. 
27 L Irving Place, New York 












FREE 









_ . that you may 
seehow effective 
these pleasant 
Formamint Tablets are in mouth 
and throat troubles, we will gladly 
mail you a generous sample tube 
on receipt J a 2c stamp to pay 
postage, w rite for it today. 



lUUJii 



*mm&Si 









fin 









y*. 







THE GERM-KILLING 
THROAT TABLET 




University of California. His assistant 
Mr. Chin Sing, is also a native of the 
state, and is a graduate of the San 
Francisco public schools. 

For ;i "soulless corporation" the Paci- 
fic Telephone and Telegrapb Companj 
has shown a good deal of Imagination in 
constructing and equipping Its China- 
town exchange. The building with its 
gayly decorated pagoda roof and bal- 
conies makes a colorful spot in the cen- 
ter of Chinatown. Inside it is elaborate- 
ly frescoed witli dragons and other 
Chinese designs, while the woodwork is 
of ebony and gold. The switchboard is 
carved and is set in a shrine, and Ibis 
fascinating incongruity, with the oper 

ators, all dressed in the richly colored 
silk costumes of their ancient civilr/a 

Hon, poking in plugs, pulling them out, 

chattering now in English, now in 

Chinese, teaches one that anachronism 
may. under some conditions, be alto 
gether charming. 

The Boosters 

THE Panama-Pacific Exposition will 
unquestionably be the most beauti- 
ful exposition ever hold in the world. 
Its setting is both accessible and lovely, 
for it has the city upon one side and the 
bay and the Golden date upon the other, 
instead of being smooth and white like 

those of previous 
World's Fairs, the 

buildings have the 
streaked texture of 
travertine s I o n e . 
w i t h a general 

coloring somewhat 

warmer than thai 
Of travertine. 

Denies, doorways 
and other architec- 
tural details are 
rich in soft greens 
and blues, and the 
whole group of 

buildings, v i e wed 
from the hills be- 
ll i n d . resembles 
more than anything 
else a great archi- 
tectural drawing bj 
Jules Guerin made 

Into a reality. And 

that, in effect, is 

nn ha t. it is. for 

Guerin has ruled 
over everything 
that has to do with 
color, from the 
roofs which will 

have a w a r m red- 
dish tone, to the 

mural decorations and the lighting, lo 
tne Pe ader who has followed my com- 
panion and me In our peregrinations, 
now drawing to a close, It will be un- 
necessary to say that by the time we 
reached the Pacific Coasl we believed 
we bad encountered every kind 01 
"booster" that creeps, crawls, walks, 
crows, cries, hollows, barks, or brays. 

In a Few Choke Words 

BIT we had not. It remained for the 
San Francisco Exposition to show US 

a ,,ew specimen, the most amazing, the 

most appalling, the most unbelievable of 
..,n • the booster who talks like a hook. 
Tt was on the day before we left for 

home that we were delivered up to him. 

We had been keeping late hours, and 

were tired in a happy, drowsy sort of 
way, s<. that the prospect of being wafted 
through the morning sunshine to the ex- 
position grounds in an open automobile, 
and cruising about among the build 
inirs without alighting, and without 
care or worry, was particularly pleasing 
to us. The automobile came at the ap- 
pointed hour, and with it the being who 
was to he our pilot. 

We had driven in that automobile hut 
a few minutes, and had heard our guide 
speak not more than tw«» hundred and 

fifty or three hundred thousand words. 

when my first vague feeling turned into 
:i certainty that all was not for the best; 
and when l caught the eye of my com- 
panion and saw that its former drowsy 
look had given place to one of alarm, I 
knew he shared my apprehension. 

Could You Beat It ? 

BY the time we reached the fair 
-rounds I laid become so perturbed 

that 1 hardly knew where we were. 
"Stop here." 1 heard our captor s;i.\ 

to the chauffeur. 
The car drew up between two glorious 

terra COtta palaces. Directly ahead w;is 

the blue hay. and beyond it rose Mount 

Tamalpais in a gray-green haze. <>ur 



« Barbara's Marriages" is 
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reader and endears the heroine. 



// will begin in Collier's 

for December 26 



Mi 






custodian arose from his seat, stepped 

to the front of the tonneau, and. turning, 

fixed first one of us and then the Other 

with a gaze that seemed to eat. its way 

info our vitals. Through an awful mo- 
ment of portentOUS silence we stared 

hack at him like fascinated idiots. He 
raised one arm and swept if around the 

horizon. Then, of a sudden, he was off: 

"Born a drowsy Sp.-mish hamlet, fed 
on the intoxicants of man's lust for gold, 

developed by an adventurous and ;i 
baronial agriculture, isolated through- 
out its turbulent history from the home 
lands of its diverse peoples, and com- 
pelled to the outworking of its own 

ethical and social standards, the sover- 
eign City of San Francisco has developed 

within her confines an individuality and 

a versatility equaled by hut few other 

cities and surpassed by none.'' 

At that point he took a breath and 

a fresh start : 

"Tf mellowed the sternness of the Puri- 
tan and disciplined the dashing Cavalier. 

It appropriated the unrivaled song and 

pristine art of the Latin. Every good 
thing the Anglo-Saxon, Celt, Gaul, Iberi- 
an. Teuton, or almond-eyed son of Con- 
fucius had to offer it seized upon and 

made part of its life." 

Another breath, and it began again: 
"Here is no thralldom of the past, hut 

a trying of a 1 1 
things on their 
m erits, and a 
searching o f every 

proposal or estab- 
lished institution by 

the -mo test : Will it 

make life happier?" 
As he went on I 

was becoming con- 
scious of an over- 
mastering desire to 

d o something t <» 
stop him. I f el t 

that I must inter- 
rupt to sa ve my 

reason, so I pointed 
in the direction of 

.Mount Tamalpais, 

and cried : 

"What is that 

over there V" 

His eyes barely 

flickered toward the 
mountain as he an- 
swered : 

"That is Mount 
Tamalpais, w h i c h 

may he reached by 
a journey of nine- 

teen miles by ferry. 

ele.t ric train, a n d 
steam railroad. This lofty height rears 
itself a clean half mile above the spark- 
ling waters of our unrivaled hay. The 
mountain itself is a domain of delight. 
Prom its summit the visitor may see 
what might be termed the ground plan ot 

the greatest landlocked harbor on the 

Pacific < >cean, and of the region surround- 
ing it_ n region destined to play so Large 

n part in the affairs of men." 

"Good God!" I hoard my companion 

ejaculate in an agonized whisper. 

It was still going on as we entered the 
hotel, and from a window we saw that 
he was sitting alone in the tonneau. talk- 
ing to himself, as the motor drove away. 

"How Long will it take you to pack?" 
my companion asked me. 

'"About an hour." T said. 

"There's a train for New York at 
two," said he. We moved over to the 

porter's desk, and were arranging for 
tickets ami reservations when the Ex- 
position official, who ha<l assigned our 
guide to us. passed through the lobby. 

"i»i<l you enjoy your morning?" he In- 
quired. We gazed at him for a moment in 
silence. Then, in a hoarse voice. I man- 
aged to say: "We shall not go out with 
him this afternoon." 

"But he is counting on it." protested 
the Official. 

"He shall not go out with him this 

afternoon!" said my companion in a 
voice that caused heads to turn. 

"Why not?" Inquired the other. 

T was afraid that my companion might 
say something rude, so T replied. 

"We are going away from here." I de- 
clared. 

"Oh," said the official, "if you have to 
leave town, it can't he helped. But if 
you should Stay in San Francisco and 
refuse to ,^ r o out with him again, it might 

hurt his feelings." 

"Good!" returned my companion. "We 
won't go until lo -morrow." 

The Concluding chapter of Mr. Street's 

articles will be entitled 
"HOME AGAIN." 




Special to COLLIER Readers: 

PERHAPS you have been reading 
in COLLIER'S .Julian Street's 
bully good articles on American 
Cities and towns. If you have, you 

will be glad to know that they have 
just been published in a very hand- 
some hook 

ABROAD AT HOME 

By Julian Street 
Pictures by Wallace Morgan 

and if vou have not read them, you 
will he happier still. Now is your 

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est lot of pictures about America 

ever made. It contains a great deal 
which was not in COLLIER'S. 

You may not realize it now. but 
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COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



WsWf/SSSSff/fSSSStS/fSSMtMSMsssss/fSSSf/Sfff, 



""*SSS/SSSSf,S/,S,/fS//A 




27 






Safe- Deposit Annie 

{Continued from page 9) 



neutral in the fight. A worse Grand Jury 
for his case, indeed, it would be hard to 
find. The interference of the miners' 
union in county and local politics had 
been well timed and had stirred some 
deep and muddy waters. 

"No, I never did." 

"What for are they dated from your 
office and signed wit' his name, then?*' 

asked a Shea adherent. 

"IT'S not our paper." Annie shook her 

1 head gently, deprecating such careless- 
ness on anybody's part. "It's the color 

hut not the grain; and it's a lot more 
expensive quality than we can afford! 

Look at the watermark. And that was 

written on a machine like mine, only per- 
fect; mine has lost the topknot of its 

little a itch. Mr. Tierney never believes 
i'i spending the union's money for lux- 
uries when we can get along with some- 
thing cheaper. So I'm afraid that let- 
ter's an expensive imitation of :i cheap 
article. It never went out of the office 
in my time. Where's the envelope?" 
"Yes. Where's the envelopes':" said the 

Tierney jurors blithely to Shea. And 
after an interval : "There is no envelopes 
to any of them papers !" This would never 
do. Lawrence < Hidden tried again. 

'•How old are you?" It was all he 

could think of, positively! "Old enough 

to understand the letters you write?" 

"I'm over twenty." 

'•Have you ever written for Tierney 
any letters concerning elections in this 
county?" 

'*I remember one." 

'•What was it?" 

"It was urging some man in Norbect 

to vote for the same District. Attorney 

again because he was honest. Afterward 

I did two hundred of that draft. I think. 
to different addresses." 



tt 



D 



ID you write any others?" 
"Well, not whole letters about poli- 
tics. Sometimes in letters to his friends 
he'd say : 'How are the Labor Democrats in 
your town?' or something equal to that." 

"Now about money. Did you ever see 

any spent for politics?" 
"No." 

"Does the money of the United Mine 
Workers go through your office? Your 
hands?"' 

"All the treasurer's books are kept in 

duplicate in the office, though he lives at 
Norbect in the upper valley. You might 
send for him. He'll get anything you 
say." 

"Answer my question, please. Do you 

pay out money?" 

"The office expenses we pay out. Noth- 
ing else." 
"And office expenses covered payment 

of two dollars to a Westmoor man named 
Monk for voting the Tierney ticket last 
fall? You paid that?" 

•'We did not. There was no such pay- 
ment; and I never heard of such a man. 
Send for the judges of election, why don't- 
you. if you want the voters' names down 
there." 

"Yah! Send for them:" jeered the 
foreman gleefully. For the judges of 
election were all sound Tierney men. 

Babel followed. The Grand Jury by this 
time was like a runaway team with the 
reins dragging, 

SHEA, as complaining witness, took a 
hand. 

"You're under oath. Now. did you ever 
write, or know him to write, a letter say- 
ing he had had a private counting of the 
ballots after the election at Westmoor?" 

"I never." said Annie, carefully literal, 
"wrote a word about such a thing. Xor 
I don't know of him doing such a letter 
himself." 

"Was lie over in Westmoor election 

day? or the evening of it?" 

"Not that I know of." 

"Was he?" 

"He may." Annie admitted, "have the 
power of being two places at one time; 
but I'd hate to swear it." 

"Do you consider Tierney honest?" 

"Yes." 

"Would you lie for him?" This was 

Larry Glidden, a sudden sharp word. 

"I see no occasion to. to-day." returned 
the witness with composure. "Why?" 

And the Grand Inquest laughed. Prose- 
cutor Glidden lost a few more points. 

"Did you yourself pay out any cash for 
election services? Any kind at ail?" 

"Thirty cents. I paid it to Vice Presi- 
dent Shea's oldest boy to bring my lunch 



"Are 



eyes. 
never 
asked 




that day. He was loafing and snooping 
in the office all that Tuesday, and I was 
too busy to go out. Anyway. I'd not trust 

him alone in a business place if I could 
help it." 

# "And you never wrote- any letters offer- 
ing money. I suppose?" queried the prose- 
cutor, while the Grand Jury were ap- 
plauding with their boots. 

Shea in his anger intervened, 
you goin' to marry Tierney?" 

The witness opened her great 
blushing painfully. "Why, no! I 
thought of such a thing. He never 
me. He never thought of asking me. 
Hes not a bit that way." 

"Where is he now?"' 

Annie's mournful, sweet little face 
turned upon Glidden. "Do you mean what 
I know? Or what I think? On the train go- 
ing out of town nine days ag6 he left me 
working. And that's the last I know. Put 
what I'm mortal sure of is. he went up to 
the Portdale mine and went in. He must 
be dead. You know several rescuers 
were burned up, at first, so their faces— 
aren't—" Child fashion, she threw up 
an arm across her face. 

A STAP. of pain took Parry. Oh. heart, 
she wasn't being clever at all. Just 
real. Women have to serve a cause per- 
sonified. A tap on the Grand Jury room 
door relieved everybody. An officer out- 
side opened it. 

"Mr. Glidden? My name's Braithe, a 
reporter," said a ruddy young person. 
"I've come to tell you I've apprehended 
your man Tierney. He's out here now. 
I've turned him over to the sheriff." 

Hereupon— quite illegally and by ac- 
cident—the door blew partly open. In 
its space was framed a tali figure, ob- 
viously Tierney, but wearing green 
glasses, cotton pads on face, hands, and 
neck, and an elaborate skull bandage. 
A carbolic smell preceded him. The 
Grand Jury gazed and sniffed. To a 
man they recognized the approved 
method of bandaging gas burns. 

"I found him up at the Portdale. A 
woman was nursing two burned men and 
her husband. I suspected something 
when I caught her buying so much cot- 
ton at the drug store and she wouldn't 
give me her name. Tierney 'd saved fn 
men, and he was hiding out for fear of 
being caught for a hero by the news- 
papers. First he knew of these warrants 
was when I told him: he hadn't been 
reading. So we came right down to the 
courthouse." 

Shea glowered. Annie was proudly 
radiant; and a glance at her turned 

Larry sick. The foreman and two Tier- 
ney members of the Grand Jury ap- 
pealed to prance in their chairs. A Shea 
man stampeded proceedings altogether by 
shouting: 

"The daredevil! 

Say, he has got all the advertising h< 
needs already, without us finding a 
true bill !" 

IT was four days before the district 
president appeared at his office. Then 
on Saturday morning he came. Char- 
acteristically, he attended to a long 
morning's work before mentioning per- 
sonalities. At twelve he snapped the 
spring look on the door. 

"Annie, let's talk." 

"All right," smiled Miss Doran, getting 
her papers in neat piles. "There. Those 
are done. What first?" 

"I guess I owe you my election, but I 
won't go blarneying because I can't 
thank you enough. Braithe told me 
about your blocking that "Townsman" 
the Sunday before our locals voted. 'How 
the devil,' said Braithe, 'did a woman. 
even with Irish wits in her head, know 
that the lost-hero stunt was the one thing 
that would swing your men in spite of 
ten hundred crimes? You coulda can- 
nibaled a baby!' says he. Annie, you 
surely do show brains." 

The secretary flushed. "If seemed the 
only thing to do," she explained. 

"And how many lies did you have to 
tell for me under oath?" the preside.n1 
growled at her with sudden bitterness. 
"By Gad, that was a shame! Soon's r 
get rid of this cheesecloth and vaseline, 
I'm going to mention to that Parry Olid- 
den just what kind of a insect he is! 
And to think it was me recommended 
him to Old Specs! D'you know. I actu- 
ally thought he was in love with you 
and hadn't practice enough to get mar- 
ried on !" 






~™- 






"S Xv 



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OR the thousands of readers of this magazine who are inter- 
ested in the subject, we have just published one of the most 
absorbing and factfui books printed about handwriting. The 
author is William Leslie French, the celebrated Graphologist, 
whose timely articles in leading magazines have aroused a nation- 
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Handwriting Reveals/' is delineated and interpreted nearly every 
style of handwriting. You will doubtless recognize your own 
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SPENCERIAN PEN COMPANY 
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i • i • . j • I enclose ten cents for 12 different kinds 

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SPENCERIAN PEN COMPANY ( > 

349 Broadway, New York State 



28 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5. 1914 



















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<< 



"In words, I didn't tell any. In mean- 
ings, I told just one. But I had to. Don't 

let's talk about it." 

TIERNEY thrust the fingers of his 
newly healed hands in his pockets 
gingerly and stood in an attitude of 
thought, looking over the roofs. 

"Bless your decent little heart!" he 
said thickly. "Safe-Deposit Annie ! And 
never a thought did you let them turn 
on the Country Club business at last 
and all." 

"Why, no. Rut the longer it. goes, the 
worse It'll be. If that chauffeur — " 

"No danger — seeing it was the man 
that owns this building — you know who 
■ — running his own car. They dealt fair 
with me. There! I've told you what I 

wouldn't tell another soul on earth." 

Oh !" Annie gasped. 
It was sheer surprise : but in the full 
moment of silence following, Tierney in- 
terpreted it as something else. He strode 
forward into the room. His eyes, lined, 
deepset. and brilliant, stared compel- 
lingly into the girl's from beneath the 
grotesque black skull bandage which his 

burns made necessary. 

"Look me right in the face ! You ! 
Just — because — they're rich, do you mean 
you dare suspect me of going up there 
to — sell — out: — my — men? Yon? Oh, of 

all people !" 

Behind her narrow table Annie sprang 
to her feet. The tears which the dis- 
trict president had boasted his stenog- 
rapher could not shed rushed to her 
eyes. Her pretty hands reached out in 
a gesture pitiful for its very simplicity. 

"No, no, no ! I never thought of such 
a thing!" she cried in a passion of 
loyalty. "Never! Oh, don't look like 
that! Why. Mr. Tierney, I know you're 
the squarest man in the world ! That's 
why I've always been so proud to stick 
up for you." 

TWO weeks of house-bound illness up- 
set a man's poise. Tierney took the 
childish hands and bowed his head and 
rested his scarred cheeks an instant in 
their palms. Then he drew back. 

"You darling. I'm glad. Sit down. I 
can't tell you all of what went on up 
there that night. I will a little." Ho 
made some nervous steps back and forth 
the length of the rug. "Wy the Lord, 
that fellow's a man !" 

"Then d-d-don't tell me." 

"He asked me straight, and I talked 
straight business to him: and I will o 
you. I did monkey with that election in 
West moor. City and county ticket both. 
It was a pretty raw deal. I did it. and 
I'd do it again." 

"It's always been your weakest local." 
put in Annie, still weeping. "The inde- 
pendent coal company, for a wonder, 
pays the men a little higher wages, and 
they're old-fashioned and won't support 
much of a union. I guess you had to 
mix in. Mr. Tierney. You had to get 
the men : and politics was the best way." 

"Thanks to you and luck and Shea's 
being a natural fool, I'm out of it safe. 
But I'm that kind of a man." 

Annie had no comment. 

"It's not abstract justice I'm after so 
much as it is to come to the top and 
boss. And the human mint was onto 
that. 'You're Irish.' says he to me, look- 
ing me right in the eye, 'and you'd 
rather be a good citizen than not; but 
you'd never let the Constitution stand 
between friends. Is that it?' And I 
looked him right in the eye too, and 
said; Must so.' " 




""#: 



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*4 



I 



GUESS you're nobler than you make 
out." 

"Then he rubbed his chin with his 

thumb, looking at me with his X-ray 

glare you see in his pictures. 'Your 

union is poor/ he said to me. 'and your 

political business takes cash. It's dirty 
money!' And he was very offhand as if 
it didn't matter much to him either way. 

'Yes,' says I. 'Every politician in Penn- 
sylvania handles some dirty money. 
Every labor leader that goes into poli- 
tics in the United States has to do it >n 
dirty money. Mine was mostly beer. 
D'yon think we're the Tied Cross?' And 
he looked at me a minute and said, 'I ex- 
pected you to lie. Have a cigar, won't 
you?' and got out his case." 

"Was it solid gold and emeralds?" in- 
quired the girl. She had a wistful love 
of precious stones, much like the far de- 
sire that children bear the fairies. "With 

a blood ruby? Those people can afford 
anything." 

"No. leather. The whole principle's 

wrong. And yet we've got a-going so in 



^.^/^^•W/WW/^ 



this country that a man like me has to 
use the customary ways, if he gets any- 
where. And I want to get to the top." 

"It's for the cause," Annie said gravely. 

"Cause! That's second place. What 
I'm really serving, I shouldn't wonder, is 
the Big Me. I'd rather come up clean if 
I could. If I can't, I'll do it dirty. But 
I want to get up !" 

"Labor needs you." 

THE man flinched under the sweet sin- 
cerity of Annie's voice uttering the 
cant phrase. "He said to me, 'The bet- 
ter sort of labor leaders get dyspepsia of 
the conscience. They've got. up as high 
as they can, and they don't want to 
slump, and that's why they're thankful 
to be kicked up into a government job. 
Don't you do that, Tierney. Fight! 
Fight for your men. Whilst you live, 
damn your conscience and stick!' And 
we shook hands on it, seems to me." 

"Then just what," asked Annie, ex- 
ceedingly puzzled by this masculine 
brooding, "are you worrying about? 
What makes you tell me all this that I 
can't help?" 

"Because women have a sense of right 
and wrong. Because you think it's prac- 
tical to act just on that: you think I do 
act on it. Because you're a square, sen- 
sible kid and you've been more than 
white with me, every hour. It's right you 
should know T was that kind of a man 
first. And that T mean to keep on." 

"First? First to what?" 
I want you to marry me. Will you?" 
Mister Tior-ney !" 

"Can't you?" 

"Why — Why — What makes you say 
that?" 

"Because I want you to. I've been 



(< 



<« 



thinking it over all this time I was sick." 
"I don't believe it ever came into your 
head till just now." 

"That's all you know about it. But if 
you're off with that Olidden pup and I 
give my mind to ways of standing in 
with you. don't you think you might be- 
gin to care, too?" 

Annie twisted her wet handkerchief. 
He was so much a man. and he looked so 
dreadfully ridiculous in all those ban- 
dages, that a pang checked her refusal. 

"Oh, dear me! I don't mean to ever 
marry anybody !'' 

"I don't believe that, 

won't ever be rich. But 
interesting life, you bet." 



With me you 
we'd have an 





TTLS eyes were on hers; they woke a 
-i- -»- sudden answering madness of fore- 
knowledge, of zest to share his potent 
lighting world. Almost in spite of her- 
self she nodded. "I'd have to keep you on 
at the office, even if you said yes to-day. 
I've got so used to relying on your work, 
'twould take me a few weeks to pick up 
all the threads. Afterward you could 
choose for yourself about quitting." 

"I won't miss the office a single day !" 
cried she, in the hot grip of that emotion. 

"Yes, you will, too," Tierney answered 
under his breath. "That's all you know- 
about me, is it? . . . A few days, any- 
how. Just at first. For you've got to 
take into account that after the very so. 
ond we get the license I'll be feeling 
about nine feet tall." 

"That's nonsense," said she, verv red. 
She played with a pencil to hide the 
trembling of her fingers that came of 
leaping pulses. "I'm not sure we ever 
will get one. Don't talk that way. You 
only know me as part of the work. That's 
what we have in common." 

"Is it? Well, that's a good saying for 
the job! As regards business, you're 

rated as a double-A-plus secretary. Con- 
cerning me that you work for, you're just 
a blind little fool girl that I can teach a 
lot to. You've got plenty to learn about 
loving, if you do know the coal business. 
Annie. However— To keep it just to 
the job for the present, as I was saving. 
we'd fight our way up among the big 
ones, you and me. We'd know the real 
inside track of lots of movements and is- 
sues, and see the news of the whole 
United States a-hatchin' sometimes. We 
wouldn't have inore'n a slim living but 

we'd have power, and we'd know folks 

that had power. I can make good I 
guess. I've thought it over, and I'm bet- 
ting on myself to win. As for the big con- 
vent ions. I think it would be real good 
fun to appear at them with my wife." 

TTK spoke with studied quiet and 

xx placed himself in the squeaky swivel 

(hair behind his own desk; yet his calm 
had a compelling magnetism. 

There was a long silence— to Annie a 
rather pleasing, soothing, healing silence 






^=21^ — — 






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WM*M*WfifW,M,Mfi,,M„t„ f A 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 




29 



She feH herself drifting, dreaming. Of 
course ^in 1 was still heartachy; she had 
been thai over since Larrj senj back her 
note two weeks ago to-day; but 11 was 
somehow rery much t<> the point, as con 
eolation, that Mr. Tierney was an Impor 
t.-ini person whom everyone trusted who 
served the cause. 
"Time to eal something, isn't it ?" he 

s;iid :it last. "Let's slmt up the shop. 

for once, and go together to Peckham's. 
I'll pretend It's an engagement dinner 
like the stylish people have, and yon can 
pretend it isn't, ami everybody 'M be suited. 
Get your coat." 

SHE rose, laughing, "l am hungry," 
she admitted in naive wonder, as she 

made ready. "But how yon do mix up a 

person's thoughts] Here, mind that arm- 
hole, or you'll skin your hand again : Let 

me— NOW my hat — " 

He st. i. shoulders flat, against the 

door panels when she turned. Annie hum 

his eyes. In them was that look that an. 

woman reads entreaty, worship, rap- 
ture, and hidden Are. 

'•Lot's have solid silver forks three 

times a day." he suggested whimsically 
"I could manage that much luxury." 
••At Peckham's?" cried Annie, tupefled. 

"(Hi. no." 

She risked another upward glance. 

Mercy, those e\ es were more bo! And 

there was a queer look about his mouth. 

and an air <>t' ownership, of Was 

going to— actually going to kiss her? Oh, 
terrors ! He was. He would : unless he 
could he headed off in t Ime. 

-Will T do?" she enunciated with diffi- 
culty, her whole being in panic. "This is 

my old suit." 

"You?" He touched her on the shoul- 
der to fleck off a scrap of paper, iv 

Annie shrank. They si I facing each 

other a minute, his hand outstretched. 

"Oh. Matt, no!" 

•Don't he scared. I won't, T won't 

I'm a fool nut to. 1 know I am ; hut I 

won't. There, brace up, Annie. "Why, my 
;• little kid. d'you — " 

With both hands he o] 1 the door. 

bowing as she went out. "You'll do at a 
great deal sweller places than Peck 

ham's." He followed her into the hall. 

"< »h. thank yon '." she breathed. 

HE sh« '• -k Ins head with a wry smile. 
though his lips were pale. "This is 

once I don't doctor the election sheets; 
remember that. you. And I know I could 
easy. You're just a kid no man's taught 
any tiling to; and, God knows I want 
you! But you'll choose See? I say you 
hall choose !" 

"And how will I be able to if yon look 

at me tit to break my heart?" Bung back 
Annie, recovering her spirit. "Von just 

hack — and those burns, and all. Isn't it 
my own business, anyway, about mar- 
rying?" 

"I've told you I intend to make it mine. 
However, I'm all right. Don't you fret. 
I want you to have a good time. Here's 

the elevator. Ten of one now. We'll l> 
in nice season for tin- music." 

It took them an hour, that one-sided 

engagement dinner party. . They sat at 

a round table behind a hay tree away 
from other people. And Tierney talked. 

Very different he was from the matter- 
of-course employer of busy days; the 

charm of him was like the com ether she 

had seen him put on a recalcitrant con- 
vention. The matter of his words no 
convention had ever heard — living truth, 

all of it. whether -rave or gay. It was 
good talk: even Annie, young and raw. 
knew that. Her brain hummed to its 
stimulus as with a genial wine. 

Snow was beginning to fall when she 
and Tierney came out of the restaurant 

into the windy street. 

"(;o on up to the office alone : you won't 
mind, will you? I have to see a man. 



• ' 



AT twenty a girl's fancy plays easily 
. with futures. Life. Annie had begun 
to think, might be very bearable with 

Tierney — even warm with glamour — after 

one had had a decent interval t<» forget 
some <>ne els,, in. Then one would be 
very safe marrying a man one could so 

rely on. And he'd been so kind, too — 

generous, you might almost call it in 

that minute there by the office door. To- 
night after working hours, perhaps, a 

person might safely be a little kinder, 

if he— 

'•YOU mustn't stand around in the 
wind." said she. "You'll get COld in 
tho e hurts of yours. Turn up your 

collar." 

"Oh— me! They're most well now. 

For i h<- present, good by." 



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"1 enjoyed the dinner. But you must 

take can* of yourself better for— " 

"For the cause, l suppose," said the 
district president, lifting his hat. He 

strode rapidly around a corner, and 

Annie returned to the office. 

"He's ;i blamed egg noodle." grunted 
Matthew Tierney, hurrying against the 

snow. "But it gets my -oat to win on 

<'i man when his hack's turned. Manage 
menl well, i don't want to do it by 
management, she knows me. I can «i<» 
things. And he never will. He's soft 

1 want her. But I can do without her if 

1 nave to. i.ot her choose." He turned 
in at an office building largely usod by 
lawyers and read the hall board. 

"An egg Doodle," he stated solemnly to 

the "'levator boy. "resides in 40." 

"Oh, he ain't hit tin- free lunch limit 

yet," responded that youth, not to he out- 
done in delicate symbolism. 'Tie's on the 
toboggan, Larry is. ever since the Grand 

Jury summopsized his girl. She. t'roo 

him for it. But he ain't quite got dnNvn 

to noodles. Third room to your left." 

He concluded with a bang of" the eleva- 
tor door. 

Tierney strode to Room J<>. knocked. 
h< ard some kind of response, and entered. 

YOUNG Glidden, three-quarters drunk, 
>••>! ••" the table. A siphon was on fh<- 

floor by him. a cheap decanter hair hid 

den behind a book rest. He looked up 

sullen^ and nodded. "Well?" 

"Nothing. I didn't know you were 
boozing to this degree. I've no errand 
now." 

"Yes, you have." the other answered 
with owlish dignity, "Spit it out ! Sj.it 
it right out. Little hero, everybody 
knows you're a crook ! How d«> you man- 
age to pull it off time after tinieV I 
I IW it. but 1 can't prove it. But she'll 
Si ." Tierney slammed shut the door. 

"l>id you call my secretary before ti 
Grand Jury to be Insulted?" 

"1 didn't ! I wouldn't, for my heart's 

blood! it was that bu — beastly Oarty of 

yours! He did it to knife shea. They 

all got away from me. My soul, and I 

had to sit and take everything! Every- 
thing! 1 never tried to run a Grand 
Jury before !" Here the youth wept. 

Tin: district president stood in the 
middle of the floor, scornfully consid- 
ering him. "Safe-Deposit Annie: oh. 

she'll stick! Worships you. . . . Perfect 
little tin Idol ymi are. Ami your merry 
cause! oh. what's causes to a woman V 

It's the man. every time. I thought it 

was me. Come to lind out it's you.'' 

"I came bore to-day to give you my 

Office key and a chance. I don't care how 

soon you turn into bottled goods over on 

Tomb Hill, but for all I know Annie 
Doran may. If you'd been tit. I'd 'a' sent 

\nu up there right now and you'd not 
navel a interrupted for an hour, she's 

there. You'd have had your fair show." 

"Vnii don't know a thing about it !" 

wailed the besotted youth. "You ain't 

educated. And I was. i was a bright 

young lawyer only a few short week 
ago. I had a future. Say. I had!" 
"Here's where you get yours, right 

now!" snapped the labor leader, catching 

the telephone from the table. "I'm going 
to call her up and tell her how you look, 
you sickly crow! Main 22L, please. Say. 

are you sober enough to know what I'm 
doing? Eh? Hello! Bello, Annie! This 

is Tierney. Yes, listen, please." 

"It don't matter what you do!" moaned 

the shapeless figure at the table. "T was 
in hell anyway." 

"I heard it was Shea and Oarty got you 

before the Grand Jury, not Glidden. I'm 

over in his office: came to see. It wasn't 
his fault. What V" 

"Didn't you ever hit the juice yourself. 

li'l hero?" 

"Oh, he's tanked. If he'd been right, 
I'd have sent him over. Oh, T dunno 
just what for. exactly. A feeling. Some 
thing bearing on that scheme of mine 

with the solid silver forks. . . . No. Oh, 

no. not at all. But it didn't, suit me to 
sneak 1 1 1 > my ante and call when one of 
the players had got up for a minute from 
the table. A kind of luxury of my own. 
maybe you'd class it. 

"\T<>, he CanM come to the phone! 1 

X>J told you, he's tanked. Plastered. 

O Lord. no. you haven't the least idea; 
you've never interviewed one like him. 
It. isn't merely a breath on him. He's 
been at it for days. No. I certainly 

shan't. They ain't responsible for them 

selves when they're like that. 

"No, sir. I've no patience with that 
kind. It's deliberate. They can help it. 



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COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5. 1914 









too! I don't like to hear you talk as if 
.1 man was nothing bul a helpless drain- 
pipe to a washtub. It's his business to 

have sense.'' 

"Saved from 'emselves! — " 

"Whal did I mean by calling you up 
if not for that? Great thunder, Annie 
I certainly didn't !" 



o*es- 



IX his vehement, denial, Tiernev .^ 
ticulated with the transmitter. And to 
both men Annie Doran's plea came audi- 
bly: "Oh, give him some business! You 

can straighten him uj>!" 

Tiernev looked at the haggard youth: 
he had heard and understood. Still 
holding the instrument out, so that the 
answers came share and share alike be- 
tween them, he spoke on : "lie's too drunk 
to hear you or understand what I say. I >o 
you really want me to do* that, Annie?" 

"I want it most of anything in the 
world!" said the ghost voice. 

"That's a had hearing for me, isn't it? 
Do you mean you care about him? That 
it's a hopeless ease for you? Because he 
looks to me like a pretty had prospect, 
my girl." 

"But I love him!" said the ghost voice 
clearly. "1 guess he needs me so, Mr. 
Tierney, that it just gave me the finish- 
ing touch. I didn't at all, this morning. 
I don't understand, but it's so" 



The two men faced each other across 
the table. Something like sanity came to 
Larry (Jlidden. 

"Put it up!" he whispered. "Put it up! 

I'm not lit to hear. It's her voice." 

"I suppose," said the district president 
easily and conversationally to the tele- 
phone receiver, "that I could swing him 

some labor business, if I tried. Court 
sits in January: and the ironworkers 

have some trouble on. I suppose it 

wouldn't be hard to persuade folks that 
he let the case slide with the Grand Jury 
because he didn't want me indicted. 

,Friend to labor. Sounds hetter'n fizzle. 

which it was. He'll he sober by January. 
I )o you want me to?" 

TIERNEY pur the instrument to his 
ear and heard the rest alone. 
Quietly he set the machine on the table 

and looked at the other. 

"It's up to you." lie said. "You appear 

to me to be a lost cause; but she's true. 
Don't you come round my olliee this 

week, though. I hate a fool. I might 

drop you out the tenth-story window and 

kill a good citizen passing in the street.'' 

The cheap decanter levitated itself 

magically into the washbowl. Tierney 
went out and shut the door. Larry (Hidden 
was left alone with the telephone and the 
soda siphon to work out Ids salvation. 




The Master of Lumberhurst 



(Continued from page 10) 



man and wife — the silks aixl laces and 
carriages and servants I would have." 
"You were good -looking in those days. 

Mary." 

"So you used to tell me 1" 

She seemed pleased with the remi- 
niscence, poor thing: hut miserably 
enough she went on. telling in the pite- 
ously raw way of common and simple- 
hearted folk of her disastrous love affair. 

Vanani had promised to marry her in 

Providence, and failed to keep his word. 

"When I got there" — she was sobbing 

now — "T found ho never had any notion 
cf making me his wife. And as for his 
riches, it was just a cruel joke. I think 
lie was some sort of a cheap gambler, for 
he often stayed out all night and slept 
in the daytime. Soon he deserted me." 
"You were only seventeen," said Giles. 

"Almost eighteen," sighed Mary, de- 
claring that she had been too proud to go 

home or write for help. But her face 
was still admired, she went on. with a 
touch of her late childish vanity, and 
probably she might have found a place 
behind a counter in one of the big stores. 
Well, anyway, she read in a paper that 
chorus girls were wanted in a burlesque 
company, and applied for a position. The 
manager was real nice, and she was with 

the company for three seasons, barn- 
storming. Those burlesque people were 
a tough lot, and Mary had been lonely. 
so lonely — and the leading man of the 

company had asked her to marry him. 

•a;iles" — she broke off. holding him with 

tragic eye*, "(riles, he deceived me, too." 



— and. with the Lord's help, I mean to 
he a still hotter one." 

"That's noble." sighed Mary. 

"You can be the same- — just as good 
and refined as you ever were," retorted 
Giles. There were bigger tears in her 

(lark eyes as she spoke. 

"Don't say that. Giles; it hurts." 

"Land o' eodtish ! how can it?" he 
asked in amazement. 

"It brings up such sad memories." 
said Mary. "And I've lost my courage."' 

"Never too late to find it again as 
Billy Bagley used to say." Giles flung 
hack. "You remember Billy? — the fellow 



whose head was so bald you couldn't 
tell where his face began." 

"You're talking foolishness," returned 
Mary, her tone deeply mournful. 

"And so are you. Why, not long ago I 
felt just the same way — about being too 

low to get up again. But yon remember 

what the poet says : 

/ held it truth, with him who sings 
To one clear harp in divers tones. 

That men. may rise on stepping stones 
Of their dead selves to higher things. 

"And so can women. One of my 
troubles was that I didn't mix with the 
right folks. Luck sneaked my way at 
last: a kind act done me at a moment 
of hitter need put me on a new track. 
Now you need a kind friend and I mean 

to be that friend. Will you marry me, 
Mary?" Again she began to sob. "Oh, 
(iiles. how can you mock me so! You 
wouldn't marry me!" 

"I was never so serious in my life. For- 
get the old troubles, my dear. You are 
going to he the Mary of bygone days — 
and my bride. Right away, too." 

"But my clothes and my trunk." she 
protested. "Madame Zabriskie won't let 
me have them — I'm in debt to her. I've 
got some trinkets and keepsakes I'd hate 
to lose. Among them is a copy of 'Snow 
Bound' you gave me one Christmas." 

"Is that so." said Giles, flattered. 

"But where will you take me'? You 

don't mean to say you can support me?" 

"Sure I can. Why, Mary. I have a 

charming villa called Lumberhurst by 
the River. Believe me, you'll like it." 

"Quit your joshing." 

"Honor bright." laughed Giles. "My 
chateau is of the antique sort — without 
bathrooms and such luxuries: hut you'll 
find it. a better home than that Zabris- 
kie woman's. Don't worry about your 
trunk: I'll get it some time." 

It did not require any more urging to 
persuade Mary to assent. The next day 

a license and a Methodist preacher on 

Twenty-first Street made them one, and 
after the ceremony the bridal couple 

walked home as doubtless some of their 

hardy ('ape Cod ancestors had done. As 
they entered the lumberyard a fear pos- 
sessed Mary. Was Giles taking her tosome 
dark spot to revenge himself for the wrong 

she had done him? Would she he found 
with her throat cut, and Giles gone? But 

this gruesome boding was dispelled by 
her husband's happy mood. 

"This is Cedar Street." he explained 



MARY bared her soul with a touching 
simplicity, and Giles Hudders lis- 
tened helievingly. getting in a kindly word 
every now and then as to his not being 
able to throw stones. She had kept on 
with theatre work, she told him finally, 
taking little parts when she could get 

them, suping in lug spectacles, sewing 
with the wardrobe women, serving as 
dresser to luckier actresses than herself. 
Now she was out of a job, and rooming 
with a she devil named Zabriskie on Riv- 
ington Street "She's a tartar, I can tell 

you." concluded Mary. 

"I've met 'em." said (iiles. Now he 

could understand her paint and powder 
and the careless manner in which she 
had first addressed him. Poor girl, no 
wonder she had clung to the footlights. . . . 

"My mother is in her grave." resumed 
Mary, "and father is an old man. He 
has retired from the grocery business 
and is comfortably fixed. I write to 
him sometimes. He thinks I'm living on 

Fifth Avenue and am rolling in wealth. 

There. Giles, you know all my shames 
and miseries; and 1 wouldn't blame you 

if you took to your heels at once." 

(Jiles laughed, giving her hand a squeeze. 

"I'm not that kind of a friend, Mary. 

And as for feeling yourself an outcast 

I can go you a tew better. Since I quit 
Cranberryport — I left the week after 
you ran away my life has been pretty 

rough up to eight mouths ago. I've been 
a sot. and I've been in jail. But what's 
the use of telling? I'm a better man now 







If you are as hard 
to please as I am, 

in this matter of cigars, I be- 
lieve mv private "J. R. W.' 
Havana brand will delight you. 

For many years 1 have had 
these cigars made to order, 
with my own monogram band. 
The leaf comes from a moun- 
tainous district in Cuba. It is 
especiallv selected for me by 
a man who resides there— a 
connoisseur in tobaccos. 

And though I have smoked 
for 40 years, I have yet to fino 
another Havana cigar of so 
mild and exquisite a flavor 
and aroma. 



I Want Your Opinion pA« Me *s 

I believe there are legions I J^'RJ^ 1 




3»Stt 



8 



I believe there are legions 
of smokers who are seeking [ 
just such a cigar— something 
exceptional, a rare, sweet 
smoke — not too heavy and 

strong. 

With such men I am glad to 
share my discovery. For I 
know how much it means to 
get the very cigar one craves. 
It may be that this dainty 
Havana is just what you have 
been seeking. Try it. I will 
send them by Parcel Post, $5 
per hundred --$2-60 for 50 — 
charges paid. 

Write me early before I must 
limit the number I can supply. 

Five Cigars Free 

If you will send me 10 cents— to- 
wards shipping expenses- 1 will 
mail you trial cigars. Smoke five 
with me— convince yourself. The 
price is 55 per hundred. 52.60 for 50 
- all charges prepaid. Use your 
letter-head, please — stating your 
position — or your business card 
and write now for these cigars. 

J. ROGERS WARNER 

925 Lockwood Building, Buffalo, N. Y. 40, 










is the 
DIANH 
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You should Have Our 
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OVER 100,000 IN USE 

llusilv sold through rtM'om- 
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DESK or GENERAL OFFICE 

It checks mental calcu tuious 

Kuy through your Stationer 

Wiite f«»r 10-day trial offer. 

O. GAUCHER, A. A. H. Co. 
I l8DuaneStree't,NiMvYork 



/'/ /■/ u a a fj a 



i 









tfffii 



I 



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[101* CAtAL,<>G ! 

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112-PAGE POULTRY BOOK 






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If you are think ingot buying 

an insurable incubator or 1 
bni.-WT you eWiWW-ei oui big IWfi 
catalog, it tolls all about the now 

1U15 improvements on 

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.i/y.. ,™Incubators and Broo 

'/ ?5 ;:^-';-;v»Al6ocontahisnlioiit0(» pag«8ofiiouUr\ BUCOMfl ft 
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offered M; IE. Write for it TODAY. 

Prairie State Incubator Co.. 127 Main St., Homer City, Pa. 




cards, circulars, book, newspaper, &o. Press 

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samples, ,Vr. THE PRESS CO. Mortdon, Conn. 



*--s 



COLLIE R'S 



^aenJv 



yjHO 



SHOE 



Tim I' 






n -r 






,irt 






mod 



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haped 



natir 



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every 

>rdin 

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$5 to $7 

Look for Name in Shoe 

Booklet showing of 

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• ]• 



N 






The 

Eternal 

Question; 



of i/ 






Charles Dana Gibson 



f0o|7T%t> I b 7 P. F. CoIlWr * ta, lao. ) 

The mn*t popular < nntlonof A morion's memt pop. 
ular arttHt, thin HpjHuIintf ture of a beautiful 

woman's hej.I form Inn h nuturul intorrotfuf i» 
woint. Every whero b< auty lowrn iiu'I art critics 
h*ve rmred ov.r "Th« Eternal Question," bat repro- 
rlactWmsconldonly bo purchased at art stores. Now, 
for the firxttime, we nro able to off* r this stunning 
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free to ev. ry la > will embroidt-r it with Hli-h- 
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art materials to start embroidering at onr«n You u* 

1 Oibton Pillow Top with back (Ud art ticking). 

6 Skeins of Richardson's Pure 811k Flon. 

1 Bare Guide Diagram Embroidery Lesson. 

1 De Lnze Premium Art Book of 500 Embroidery 
Patterns giren FREE for tags sired from Rich- 
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All sent prepaid for SO cent* — your money refunded 
if not delighted. 




is the favorite with millions boonnso of Its rh-h 

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run. Writ** Today. ■ aolosing and vour deal- 

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postpaid by VetUFD mail. Addn-HS 

PIC H ARDSON SILK COMPANY 

I>ept. 2300 305-9 W* Adams It., < blrngo 

Makers also of Richardson's Grand Prise Spool Silk 




Stop Forgetting! 



i,, ,„l in «| ll «*' 

t f«.r memory i» power. 

THE DICKSON METHOD 

n .u" Forget Proof." \>* 

,,.. thought, 

• How to R*»mei r" . '"• ». 

\lm I no «■'»[■■■ in I Memory Te»t. 

Dif kion Memory School. 771 Auditorium Bld«. , thicafo 



FOR DECEMBER 5, 191 




31 



; ,s , , ,, " x ambled arm in arm between the 
lumber pile* « Smell lll( . w , od 

£™ Hl 7 ?ne? Over there is Balsam 
1 >vard. And here we are" 

Mt ft l ,,n J? cke 3 the little door and with 
'"' dignity of a knlghl waited for her 

y n , ; , l "" r<,, \ v him - "Step right in. Mrs. 
H *dder& Well, what do yon think of It T 
t '» a prettj small." 

'•'I'i'.-'fs what Napoleon Bald of Elh 
wome Improvements must l»o made of 
course. You'll wani a wardrobe, a oew 
broom, more towels, a Longer clothes- 
I,ll «'- and I donM know what all. 

And new f or llh . Ur( | ( | inir banquet," 
continued Giles. "We'll have pi soup 
nrst, then bacon and eggs. By the waj " 
pushing aside the little sliding door— 
,, " , '«' Is my kitchen, and there is a bang 
UP cellar for stores. Everything as handy, 
v °u » .-is h pocket in a nightie." 

jV/fAUV began t<» roll up her sleeves. 
■ LTX M Oh, in me get the meal," she n 
claimed. "You i down and smoke while 
rm getting 11 ready." 

'•I rtonl smoke any more," Giles said 
emphal illy- -"it's expensive; but i 
one* sii|.| 1( .r\ elm bark that I get for 
uotbing. Well, if you don't want me, 
Pter 1 get a pail of fresh water, I'll 
take :« stroll down < »m k Street Into 
Maple Place, and bo around home by waj 
of Walnut Avenue." 

"It v,, mi. is ms if you were going mil 
and miles," laughed Mary. "Don't I gone 
long, for the f 111 be ready soon." 

•All right, darling," answered Gile 
starting off then for the pump at the 
lower end of the yard. He whistled go- 
ing and coming; and when he reached 
flu- house li«' peeped through one of the 
windows to Bee what Mary w doing. 
She was bending over the spider, frying 
f i'«> b on and eggs and singing ill a 
nightingale] The song was th • Ifavorito 
Silver Threads Among the Gold," and 
a thrilled to it. He liked, too, to 
watch his wife getting their meal. That 
seemed like the real thing. 

They behaved like children as the meal 
l""~ d, .Mary laughing uproariously 
wheu Giles called her the "Lady of i uni- 
berhurst," and both n tiling amusing in 
ddents <»f their youthful days at Cran- 
berryiiort N'ight came and with i i 
caller- no other than John Olegg, wh< 
was much taken aback at seeing a woman 
there. 

"Come in. Mr. Clc« * was Giles's wel- 
come "Glad to Bee you. Shake hands 
with M Hudders — tli<> qruel one I told 
you about STes, sure thing! We wen 
married four hours ago — here's the 
rtlflcate t«> prove it." 

"My congratulations," stammered 
Clegg as he grasped the band of th< 
I le, who was blushing beautifully 
-Why didn't you i.-t a fellow know? ni 
have i ii your !m-m man and bought a 
bouquet J Mrs. I »i." 

"Mrs. who?" asked Mary. 

"They call me Diogenes around here," 
Giles explained and the caller declared 
before he left that he would have his 
"missis" call upon Mrs. Hudders. 



MAKY adapted herself to her new life 
with amazing tact and gnud oaturi 
sh«» was even proud t«> be the chatelaine 
of this tiny chateau. She gre^i happier 
every day. and much more like her 
former Belf both In mind and body. 

Ten months after his marriage, Giles 
(who was a street-car conductor now. 
getting two dollars a day), put a last 
ddition to l.miii'ii'hnrst. He called it 
the "Red Room," as it was lined through- 
out with building paper in that cozy 

COlor; and there, some two months aft< 

its completion, he stood looking down 

Upon the little new horn infant apou 

Mary's bosom. There was nothing un- 
usual about that Infant, beyond a tlnj 
mole behind his left ear and a fine lusti- 
ness. I le was a hoy baby. 

"Pretty good for such as as," 

Mary looking up with deep eyes. 

"Bet your life," chuckled Giles. 

And long thej spoke <>t' the good 
in Which they would bring him up, 
little BOH Of their old and new love, who 

would, of course, redeem their own fail- 
ures with a glorious career. 

"Yes, we'll have to go haek to Cran- 

berryport," declared Mary drowsily at 

last "It's better for the hoy; and this 

shack is hound to k<» for kindling wood 
snme time or other." 

"Sure," assented Giles after a pensive 
pause. "Nothing lasts in this rushing 
eity. But Tin not going to forget it. 
I can tell you. for Solomon In his temple 
couldn't have hccii any happier than I 
have been In Lumberhurst h> the River." 



said 



way 
this 



As right us a full jeweled watch 



Vest 
Pocket 



KODAK 



fitted with 



Kodak Anastigmat 

Lens f. 8 . 



$10. 



oo 



Actual Size. 



A vest pocket camera that will 
reall) go in the vest pocket- 
easily. A lens that gives micro- 
scopic definition and has speed 
to spare, a ball hearing shutter that works silently, 
accurately, without jerk or jar. 

A^k your dealer, with Christmas in mind. 
Sold also in combination with a dainty tin finish 

leather c and silk container at thirteen dollars. 

EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY, Rochester, X.Y., The Kodak City. 



r 









.4 *- 



/I 






ot a costly thing to give 
but a valued gift to receive 



£J:iMtf I rt M :£ 



No metal can touch you 

in a handsome Christmas box 

Holiday buying this year is more than 
ever practical. Ask your dealer for 
PARIS CARTERS in the beautiful gift 
box; 25 and 50 cents. 

A. Stein & Company, Maker s 

Chicago New York 



LUDEN'S 

W Cough Drops 

"Give Quick Relief" 

from coughs, colds and throat irrita- 
tion. Luden's are national "throat 
easers." 

"Luden's Have A Hundred Uses" 

Sold everywhere — 
Btores, shop.- 

stands- in till 

| . llnu OX at 

B m. ii. 1 1 m \ 

Mfp. 1'onl. <ii. 

U'lMllllfJ 

r». 






a 



screw -drivers. 



blad 



y?', V*"> 6 /i6 



// 



No. 65 saves buying and 

3/ " 

78 , in 

magazine in handle, take care of all sizes of screws 
for almost any job. Right and left ratchet ; and rigid. 

TWO SIZES ; —With sixin. shank. $1.10; With one-inch shank, Mc 

Your dealer can supply you, J.imk for "YANKEE" 

U ■< , ui ft " ' fan I'*iBmi"/»r tnt. 

ilrut niet' tht i t* % iittett 










YANKEE TOOLS 

9ha/ce 3etWt foec/ionicA, 



NOKIII BROS. MFG. CO., Philadelphia 



32 






















Play Billiards at Home 

Billiards and Pool are expensive games if 
played in a public poolroom, but almost any- 
one can afford to have at home a 




Billiard and Pool Table 

Prices are from $15 up, on easy terms of $1 or more 
down (depending on size and style), and a small amount 
each month. Sizes rang^ up to 4',> x9 feet (standard). 
Complete rhying equipment of balls, cues, etc., free. 

No special room needed. The Burrowes Table canbe 
set on dining or library table, or on its own legs or folding 
stand, and quickly set aside when not in use. Burrowes 
Tables are used by experts for home practice. The most 
delicate shots can be executed with the utmost accuracy. 

FREE TRIAL-NO RED TAPE 

On receipt of first installmeiii we will ship Table. Play oo 
it one week. If unsatisfactory return it, and on its receipt we 

will refund your d< *. This ensures you a free trial. Write 

today, or mail n Illustrated catalog: 

«^k ^^^h ^^^m ^^^^ ^^^^m ^h^v ^^"^"" ^^^" ^^^™ ^ m ^ m ^^^^" ■■■• ^^^ ■■■ ^^" .» 

E. T. BURROWES CO., 407 Center Street, Portland, Me. { 



Plea »nd Catalog of Billiard Table Offers. 

i N< imc) — — 



I Address) 



5 



Why is it 

_ __ | the nn'<li-rii 

interpretation of religion? Send for FREE literatur 
Associate Department B, 25 Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 



UNITARIANISM 



■ 



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Standard of the World. Endorsed by Government and 
Railway Officials. Harris-Goar' s Enlarged Easy 
Credit Plan now enables you to own one of these ««- 
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missing the money. Write for Fre e Ca talog. 

17- Jewel Elgin 

Now, during this Special Holiday Sale, is the 
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You do not pay a cent until we have placed the Watch 

b£Sbssk^bs ■Brassta? so: 

Harris - Goar Co., 

Dept.1450 

Kansas City, Missouri. 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



Asquith— England 



Ma 



at the Helm 



{Continued from page 6) 



E 



N,t 



" 



m 



" T 



$Z5 



* 'j** - _ J-™. » 



,''';..!/' ':'•'-" 



$75 



. . .. , ., . - , 
..... . 






$100 



• '-....'--.'■ ... 






. 



covers practically all workers oJ either 
sex, between the ages of sixteen and 
seventy, with wages riot more than £100 
a year, have born carried on to the 
statute books. Add to these accomplish- 
ments the historic trouble makers. Home 

Rule for Ireland and Welsh Church Dis- 
establishment, both of which have now 
received the royal assent ; Home Rule 

Miter twenty-eight' years of effort by a 

bill introduced and passed by the Prime 
Minister, and Disestablishment, intro- 
duced first by Mr. Asquith under Glad- 
stone, after twenty years of waiting. 
Then remember that these two momen- 
tous reforms could not have been made 
law but for the Parliamentary Act, the 
Premier's own measure that abolished 
the veto of the House of Lords, and freed 
the democratic institutions of England of 
the hist strain of feudalism. 

Nor should one forget that Mr. Asquith 

was the first Minister of England to 

recognize the right of every man and 
woman in the country to live in com- 
fort when too infirm to earn a living. 

While Chancellor of the Exchequer he 
gave old-age pensions to the poor. 

He Is not, and has never been, a law- 
yer before a public man. Always he was 
a Liberal first ; always willing to let his 
legal work in the country suffer for the 
sake of his political work in London, but 
never to permit his legal work in London 

to interfere with his political work in the 

country. Just before he became Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer he was offered 
a fee of 10,000 guineas (over $50,000) to 
argue a case in Egypt. Because Liberal- 
ism had need of him he declined. And 
he is not a man of means. 

The Choice Was Germany's 

IT is as that kind of lawyer that Mr. 
Asquith views England's case. Under 

his direction the preparation has been 
brilliant and effective, and with it he 
is satisfied. He simply refers you to the 

record— to the White Paper— at the same 
time urging you not to overlook certain 
important points. 

"There w;is nothing in the quarrel, 
such as it was. between Austria and 
Servia that could not, and would not, 

have been settled by pacific means," said 

Mr. Asquith in Dublin. "But in the judg- 
ment of these who guide and control 
German policy the hour had come to 

Strike the blow that had been long and 
deliberately prepared. In their hands 

lay the choice between peace and war, 
and their election was for war.'' 

In the dispatch of Sir M. de Bunsen, 

the British Ambassador at Vienna, 
which constitutes the third part of the 
White Taper, as the Prime Minister has 

repeatedly pointed out, the Austrian For- 
eign Office finally agreed with Russia to 

the mediation of the differences with 

Servia, and to refrain from invading 
Servian territory. Austria, in fact, had 
finally yielded— but too late. Unfortu- 
nately, the dispute had been transferred 

to the more dangerous ground of a 

direct conflict between Germany and 

Russia. Germany's ultimatum to Russia 
was presented after Austria had yielded 

and satisfied Russia. 

No Aggression on Germany 

REGARDING Sir Edward Grey's pro- 
. posed peace conference: France and 

Italy promptly accepted the proposal- 
Germany declined, on the score that the 
conference was "not practicable." Italy, 
Germany's ally, then suggested that the 
German objections to the mediation of 

the four powers, strongly favored by 

Italy, might be removed by some change 
in the form of the procedure. Sir Edward 

Grey had anticipated this by asking the 

German Government to suggest any form 
of procedure it saw tit whereby the in- 
fluence of the four powers could be used 
together to prevent European war. Not 
content with this, the next day the Brit- 
ish Foreign Secretary urged upon Ger- 
many that the one way of maintaining 
good relations between England and Ger- 
many was that they should continue to 
work together to preserve the peace of 
Europe, and offered : 

"It" the pence of Europe can be pre- 
served, and the present crisis safely 
passed, my own endeavor will be to pro- 
mote some arrangement to which Ger- 
many could be a party, by which she 

could be assured that no aggressive or 

hostile policy would be pursued against 

her or her allies by Prance, Russia, and 

ourselves, jointly or separately." 

When Sir E. Goschen, British Am- 



bassador at Berlin, subsequently asked 

for a reply to this earnest suggestion 
on the part of Great Britain, he was 

told that Germany had not Juki tunc to 

send an answer. 

Germany now blames the war on Rus- 
sia's mobilization— but France and Rus- 
sia expressed their readiness to keep 

their armies mobilized on their own 
sides of the frontier provided Germany 

would too. But here again Germany 
balked. Her Secretary of State for For- 
eign Affairs said to the British Ambassa- 
dor that Germany had the speed. Russia 

the numbers, and that Germany could 
not allow Russia to bring up the masses 

of her troops. All throughout Germany 
was the balky horse. 

The Only Answer 

ONE vitally important revelation ap- 
purtenant to the relations of England 

and Germanv - "~ »" WhU * 



A Gift 






■:•*.'.■■■ '- 



lies outside the White 
Paper The Prime Minister has divulged 
a piece of secret diplomatic history 
Which not only puts Great Britain in 
the light of seeking the best of relations 
with her present enemy, but demon- 
strates to what lengths the Liberal Gov- 
ernment went, two years ago, to safe- 
guard the peace of Europe. 

"I wish to call not only your atten- 
tion but the attention of the whole world 
to this." said Mr. Asquith, "when so 
main false legends were not being in- 
vented and circulated— in the year 1.U- 
— we laid down in terms carefully ap- 
proved by the Cabinet, and which I will 
textually quote, what our relations with 
Germany ought in our view to be. we 
said, and we communicated this to the 
German Government: 'Britain declares 
that she will neither make, nor join in, 
any unprovoked attack upon Germany. 
Aggression upon Germany is not the sub- 
ject, and forms no part, of any treaty, 
understanding, or combination to which 
Britain is now a party, nor will she be- 
come a party to anything that has such 

an object.' There is nothing ambiguous 

or equivocal about that. 

"But that was not enough for German 
statesmanship. They wanted us to go 
further. They asked us to pledge our- 
selves absolutely to neutrality in the 

(went of Germany being engaged m war. 

and this, mind you, at a time when Ger- 
many was enormously increasing both her 

aggressive and her defensive resources, 

especially upon the sea. They asked us. 
to put it quite plainly, for a free hand. 
so far as we were concerned, when they 
selected the opportunity to overbear, to 
dominate, the European world. To such 
a demand but one answer was possible, 
and that was the answer we gave." 

Might Have Saved Europe 

IN his dispatch reviewing events at 
Vienna in the crisis the British Am- 
bassador expressed the opinion that 
"a few days' delay might in all prob- 
ability have saved Europe from one of 
the greatest calamities in history." Read- 
ing this over brought to my mind Secre- 
tary Bryan's "cooling-off" treaties, which 
are" in course of ratification between the 

United States and foreign countries, one 
now constituting an international pact 
between our country and Great Britain. 
So I made reference to the opinion of 
Ambassador de Bunsen, and asked if this 
went to prove that "cooling-off" treaties 
would have prevented the war. 

Mr. Asquith smiled— the sort of kindly 
smile a wise man. rich in experience, 
would bestow upon an innocent. Then he 
Shook his head slowly but very decidedly. 

I remembered the words of Lord 

Bryce, author of "The American Com- 
monwealth" and formerly Ambassador to 
the United States: 

"No scheme for preventing future wars 
will have any chance of success unless 
it rests upon the assurance that the 
states which enter into it will loyally 
and steadfastly abide by it, and that 
each and all of them will join in coercing, 
by their overwhelming united strength, 
any state which may disregard the obli- 
gations it has undertaken"— and I felt 
thai this expressed Mr. Asquith's view. 

The Crucial Consideration 

THERE is a tone of indignation in the 
Prime Minister's voice whenever he re- 
fers to the "infamous proposal" respect- 
ing Belgium's neutrality. France un- 
hesitatingly agreed to honor it— Ger- 
many would not. agree. This, the posi- 
tion of I he small states, he considers "1 he 

crucial and governing consideration." 




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OLIIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5. 191 




33 



Aj regards Holland <. long as Ger 
maii ad\ • respocl the In 

tegt and I lit) of the Nether 

Ian i manj w to give (.real 

Br In an and taking thai she would 

do lik.-w Mi \ i;|,\ N ,,, 

Bui in the of Belgium 11 d end< 

upon the action of Prance what o| 
i [ona i lermanj would be forced i- nt< 
upon In r nn; w the war was 

over B< luu grity would be r< 

8] she had nol dried nsl < Jer- 

many. < >i rve the distinction tween 
tin- i\\<> \- . : - — iii given 

us regards the Independent ami neu 
trail tj <>r Holland, but as regards I 
Slum there i- o mention ..r ,,, 

tralitj if Mil. but an :issi; ,„., r ,,., f 
much :i- i:i|. of 1 that \s ! 

the war over bei integril will i 

i i if she has not . : a -t 

«;.-! any. 

w in were m t in return I 

issenting t«- tlii- Infamous prop for 

tb i of mi.- friend? and this dis 

honorii our obligatioi w were 

t«- gel prom otbli made bj 

i power which, 1 am 

:t ' v ' uncing it- in- 

tern \ it | t! and n 

asking us t< do the rami it had 
done th mntry \ n-i ,, 

forever dishonored. 

Mr. . Qtiith Supposes 

SUPPOSE we, the British p« i i had 
it plighted i w 

►uld then h ,r th. ost 

and by tl Ion <-r tw< of th< n 

nut' or powers. Belgium's y 

viol a I I. In Ind nd< strangled, her 
Itory n e oi is afl tlii 

' most nt r d t 

war >t unprovol 

I'ran We should h i mdii 

b bile the small and uni i 

in f her vital I inert I < 

made hen md ainst n 

Ing and oi whelming fon \\ mould 
have i Idle - - ..f the 

f 1 f th ipatlon i^ 

f the fall of Antw of the bucea 

S levie I from the unofTend 

Ing civil populat a, and, finallj >t th. 

<1 mes fiinst civilization sit, 
tl Tnii 5 War— th ack i a 

va h Ita bull din 

nn lib and then th 

i«I ruii * Ion «-f the magnifl nt < lathe 
tl ..f Rheims: a profligate hol( 
of in rable tr lit up ' wicked 

barbarian ven i'..r my part, 

r i ;t) b tine witn< thl 

triumph of brutality • ft lorn, ! 

would see m mntry blotted out of th< 
pages «»f blstorj . 

The Premier on Pacificists 

As in times <«f th< ai tways 

jii ranting rat, In war 

tin. there are led pacificist* 

crowding into print. An\ at all fa- 
r v ntimenl In England sent i 

ment both in and out of official circles - 
□Id have known l« »n^r that the 

day i »t Miii ed t«< talk tee. 

ermanj ma\ be talking of "the d 
hut not En I. The Prime m Inister 
publicly iid that, having drawn tin 
sword for a and v thj cau 

it Britain -t lay down the 

sword until, by th dicat n of that 

. t he : '" Europe Is o ssnred." 

Mr.l liurchlll, undoubted!} with thi anc- 
n of the < Cabinet, ha gone > 

• assert that the '*war must create a 
ew map of Europe, ba ed on tin- prln 
If des of nationality, the liberation -•!' tin 
eoph nd i he gin in tee of their Inde- 
lenee, and i he t r Europe from 

the onbcfi rable burdei aament " 

Although Great Britain and [reland 
present to the enemy n united front t ill 
for a neutral nation to judge ol England's 
ninth- and i niaii\ tif her Inten 

tions, partie must nol be entirely lost 
■j\\\ of ; a ' Inly not t be Liberal party, 
bI n Hi in- it doei i he backbone «-f 
the Minis! 1 3 To da the Liberal p I 3 
has m greater hold on the public imagina- 
tion than «-\ er ' Fore, for ii h.-i added to 



,,M ; Popular belief in its desire tor so 
, ' 1 ;' 1 ' terment a Conservatlv* know] 
?men< f its thorough efficient 

the I. ibex, I Achievement 

I : [a \inri lea remember, then 
., I ;' ,v - ,ll; " 'I was the Unionist pari 
ii'Mt blundered Into war with the Boer 
\ Xf time Mr. \ qulth Btated ver 
'' 1W3 what ought to be Great Brit 
•••"is attitude after victory. 

, I dissociate mj - he iid, "entir. 

'' , "" 11 those who ball the war, thl 
'"""rotable war. as a means to an alte 
n,,r end, the subordination of the Boei 
and the annexation of the Dutch Repul 
ic. Such .an intention has been emphat 
' n - v :ll "i repeated^ repudiated by he 
M eaty's Government To adopt that. 
f° coquet with it, to connive at it. would 
, ' ,, ' tlfj m hundredfold the charge 

°* Pharl mi and bypocrl which an 
n, ' in - levi d against us h writei 

of the Qtinental press." 

1 lowing the war. this rtew wa 
translated into Government policy bj 
n "' Liberal p Campbell-Bannerman 

"'■ complete self-go ram en t full 

:,v - that ei i by Canada, for exam 

Pie to the two South AtVi. Republic 

II " ag I to the maintenance on 
•-dual terms of the Dutch language The 
fruits ,>f this generous policy are 1 \ 

the spectacle of \'-<»t< who fought 
1 md iming forward to support 

her under I Irold leader, Genera Botha, 
There K too, what the Liberal Govern 
T mised to Ireland. But p« 1 

haps In the rial-justice tion 

' ained their higher 

•ir.r tying U p to the ideal ei 

1 '■ Uquith before the party 

v returned to power fa com 

•nt of Liberalism: "We bell •• 

that in the hi iry of our r: <.f on 

counti there h an Increasing pun •• 

which thi larg( bund I th( 

fail apnoi rnment of bappin 

nd. and the i i en - of bn 

man beings in e and the state an 
1 be meai 

Very English Indeed 

IF Mr. Asqulth Is ml,}, at li hlfl 

lcln( i< oon melti ith »tht 

! 1 ■ 1 si arm and natural, man 
di «'in Ion and great simplicity 1 
a with that rarest of all gifts, lm- 
i"ii not to i"- confounded with 
Cancy. n He h ery little I : bates 
11 form of precl Ity, p s«-if con- 
sciousness, un hopeful 1 mallness .«f 
mind or natui Such the Prime Mln 
ter "f England. But I am Incline 
Mip.-ith w Ith the t nd who Baid t- 
him : "1 on an [uite right to be Arm, 
but 1 1 you look so \ 1 flrm? M 

"Uneasj Iii the bead that sleeps at 
lo Downing Street," recently said 1 rd 

l \» the official 1 Idence of 
the Prime Minister, you observe, n< 
l'ii Ingham Pal act 
l.«'i-«i !.'' ebet j peaks from Irk >me 
»rienci For one year, following 
Gladstone's resignation, he was Prime 
Minister But he found his health gh 
wa under the responsibilities of the 
premiership. Uneasy laj his 1 ,1 | n 

Downing Street; and, no doubt, he \\ 
relieved t<> find the Liberal party In 
opp tltion. 

Vfter m parliament experit "f 

twenty one years, In which he served 
1 forae . v retarj under < Jladstone, and 
1 hancellor of the Exchequer under 
his last chief, Mr. Asqulth suo -d 
sir 11 Campbell Bannerman as head 1 
the Liberal Government 1 in 1908. 

For the best part <>f seven years, there 
fore, he has been Prime Mini iter. And 
what fruit ful 3 ears ! 

What He lias Done 

MM. ASQUITH h couraj msly faced 
a domestic crisis when, as said ih<' 
King, civil \ ■ was on the lips of the 

most responsible <>f British subject! 
Crowning all, he has been called upon to 
guide England through the greatest con 
did of history. 1 row could the bend at 
in 1 >«.w ning st reel b< at ease? 



>///////, 






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' •- 



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'////f///tW/Mf*MW****M*f**** 



'^■^Ww»WW WW W*MW//< M W W M^ 



WHWW 



Volume 54 

Number 12 



COLLIER'S, THE NATIONAL WEEKLY 



Dcrcmlirr 5 

1914 



P F. ' "I I IFR K SON. Inr.,r„..ratfd. Publiihert 416 Wr.l Th.rlrmth StrfH. New York Cily 
Rnbfrl I. Collier. Prrt.flrnl ; F. ( PatUrtOO, V.rr Ptr«.«tcnt and (irneral Mana«rr; J. G. Jarrett. 
Treaiurrr Art E. Minrr, Srrrelary; A. C. G. Ilammesfahr, Mannxer Adverliiinjc Drparlmcnl 

Entered n *fCOnd-da»i mailer February 16. 1905. at ihr Poit Office at New York. New York, under ihe Act of Conrreu 
of Marrb 3, 1879. CopyriKbl 1914 by I' I (oilier & Son, Inrorporaled. Rfffiitorod al Stalioacri' Mall, I ..md.ni. Fn« 
land and copyriu bl IB Gro»( Brilain and tbe BriHab Pourttion*. inrludinic Canada. LONDON: 5 Hentir tU Street. Covenl 
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34 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 





















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1878 half S. Mint: $100 for 1894 Dime s. Mint, Mnnv valu- 
able coins circulating. Get posted. Send 4c. Get our 
Illus Coin Circular. Send now. Numismatic Bank, 
Dept. C. Fort Worth, Tex. 



How to Entertain 

Plays, Vaudeville Sketches, Monologues, Dia- 
logues. Speakers, Minstrel Material, Jokes, Recitations, 

ibleaux, Drills, Musical Pieces, Make Op Goods. Large 
Catalog Free T S. Denison & Co., Dept. ;t, Chicago. 



The "Universal" Duplicator Will Reproduce 50 

perfect eopies of anything made with typewriter, pen, or 

pencil in ten minutes. No experience. Simple, clean. 
No tflue or gelatine. Letter size s:?.:>r>. Write for booklet. 
F. Reeves Duplicator Co., 419 Park lihlg., Pittsburg, Pa. 

You Can Make 50 Duplicate Copies From Every 

letter Y<m write with pen or typewriter by using our 
"Modern 1 * Duplicator. $8.60 complete. Rooklet Free. 
W. E. Durkiii. Reeves A Co., 339 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 



[iunmNUHNUB 



imnr 



Patents 






:nrnmnntHninnnnHHHHHHiitiiuiiMinMBnT"'- "■' mmmn 



lniiflinnran 



Koko Wheat Crisp— Big Profits Every Day. Make 
it yourself. A new confection, bi pop-corn. 5c pack 

•stslVgc. Can < iraples 10c. Particulars free. Machine 

$7.50 prepaid. Con i & Co., 547 No. Parkside, Chicago. 

Show Card Writing 



Free — Learn Show Card Writing. A Reliable 

•urse free if you pun >rtment of Upha Colors 

i use while pr icing. Write for particulars. Alpha 
Color Company. Inc., Dept C, I960 Broad* New York. 



Instructions — Correspo?ide?ice 

Free Tuition By Mail. Civil Service, Normal. 

Academic, business. English, drawing, engineering, and 

law courses thoroughly taught by mail. For"Fn uition 

Plan" addi negie College, Rogers, i >hio. 

Dull Razor B lades 

Dull Blades Are Worthless, Therefore You Risk 

nothing bysendingthem to us without money, \\ ••'11 re edge 
m you pay if pleased, after {rial. Or. ask for prices ami 

Free Mailing* : Parker -Warren Co., m r \V. I'M St., N.Y. 



Health Resorts 



Biggs Sanitarium, Asheville, N. C. Special Ad- 
vantages to invalids during winter. Select chronic cases — 

uo tuberculosis. Well equipped. Rational methods. No 

drugs. Horn, comforts, moderate charges. Pamphlet free. 



1 1 1 1>, it' | IM!l: I ■ ' 1 1 lIlllllllltliliJIHIilli 









Loose Leaf Books 



A Fortune To The Inventor Who Reads And 

heeds it, is the possible worth of the book we send for 
60. postage. Write us at once. R. S. & A. B. Lacey, Dept. 
C, Washington, D. 0. Established 1869. 

Patent What You Invent. It May Be Valuable. 

Write rne. No attorney's fee until patent is allowed. 
Kstab. 1882. "Invent or*s i iuide" I' Franklin H. Hough, 

tn * Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 



Cameras 



Everybody Should Carry a Loose Leaf Memo 

M.k. Why f Recalls'' il [s economic. Sample with <Jenu- 

Lne Leather covers and 50 sheets, . Name on cover in 

old 15c extra. Looseleaf Book Co., 81*^ B. 189th St., N.Y, 



Have You A Camera? Write For Samples Of 
my magasines, American Photography and Popular Pho- 
tography, which tell you how to make better pictures and 

urn money. F. R. Frapri- 870 Pope Blrig., Boston. 







HICH-CRADF SALESMEN AND AGENTS ARF IN BIG DEMAND. TO THOSK WHO CAN QUALIFY, THE FOLLOWING ADVERTISEMENTS PRESENT MONKY-MAKINC OPPORTUNITIES 



Agents Wanted 



Agents Wanted 



Agents Wanted 



High-Grade Salesmen 



Every Household On Farm— In Small Town Or 
Suburbs where Oil lamps are used, needs and will buy 
the wonderful Aladdin Mantle Lamp; burns coal oil 
(Kerosene); gives light five times as bright as electrii 
one farmer sold 275 lamps In six weeks; hundreds with 

ri^s coining money. No cash required. We furnish 

it pital, to reliable men. Write quick for wholesale 

prices, territory and sample lamp for Free trial* 

Mantle Lamp i to., 86J Maddiu Blag., Chicago, III. 

We Need Live Wire Representatives For Un- 
occupied territory to handle The Fuller sanitary Brushes, 

< >ur product is nationally advert ta d and covers every need. 

Your territory is valuable. Write tor particulars. Fuller 
Brush Co*, 87 Hoadley Place, Hartford, Conn, Western 
Branch: Rook Island, 111. 

Agents To Handle Exclusively Or As Side Line, 
New Acci it and Health Policy. $f>oi>o principal sum, 
$!<*> monthly for accident '»r sickness, All tidents and 
sicknes r*-<\. Pn^mium (lOyearlj . One-half above 

benefits f<»r $ . Barly, I rnderwriters, Newark, N. -I. 

Agents Make Big Money Selling Greatest 
razors on earth. Every man n customer- [«arge 
profits. Complete sample line special to agents, $2. iO, as 
u'r ;o(.d faith Si-nd money and application 

Kanipff Bros., WO Keade St., New "Nork. 
Agents To Handle Exclusively, Or As A Side Line 

cident and sickness polio] for f?.50 yearly. 00 

death benefit, $17.r>0 weekly benefll coident or sickness. 
Ages 16 to ?n, male or female flreal ECa*rtern Casualty Co.; 
Acme Dept., 80 Church St., N. v. City. 

Little Giant Lift And Force Pump. Saves 
plumber's hills. Removi ill stoppages In waste pipes, 
\ bsolute monopoly; 'ix you for life. Write for new agent 
plan. .1. K. Kennedy, Dept ' 10 B. 12nd St., N r . Y. 

Agents Wanted. Best Paying Agency Proposi- 
tion in U. S. If you arc making less than #200 month) 
write and let us show you how to make more. Novelty 
Cutlery Co., 10 Bar St., Canton, Ohio. ^^^ 

They Sell Themselves. Agents Reaping Rich Har- 
vest >.ii new adjustable floor and wail mops, dustless dm 

and other Ban brush spi Ities. Writ.- today. Sil- 

ver-Chamherlin Co. s Maple St. «t Boulevard, Clayton, N.J, 

Energetic Men Wanted Every Town To Manage 

local, mail salt-sand jobbing agency; repeat ordj i ; cash 
sales; samph s. premiums, si a i ioneryfree; mall capital 'Te- 
at. ■ adylife mm me. Manufacturer, 3l5W.126th St.,N."S 

Money Made Right Off Selling Wonderful 

Leswerk Laundry Tablets. A wonder for quick sales ami 

rs. Profits. Sample 10c. Money back if dissatl 
-i. Leswerk Manufacturing Co., Richmond Hill, N. ' 

What Are You Selling? If We Had Your Ad- 
dress we'd -hu .u how to sell more, ami largely Increase 
ourprofits- aol one week bul kly. Pocket samples luc 
8. BIfg. Co., SJOB Warren St., New York. 



A Golden Opportunity Offered Live Men Selling 

Pure Spun Aluminum Dtensilsand Specialties. We furnish 

free Moving Pieture Lantern Slides that sell the goods. 

Our I operative Selling Plans will unlock every door in 

our territory, every hour turned into profit. Write quick 

ure choice i rltory, American Aluminum Mfg. 
I «»., i m\ Ision x, Lemonti Ml. 

Wanted: Capable Man To Sell Manufacturer's 

line all kinds advi sing signa, thermometers, rules, nov- 
elties, calendars, fans. Attractive year around selling 

prop) ion. Liberal commission. Send references with 

application. Sales Depanmnt, Up To Date Advertising 

Co., Caniateo, N. Y. 

Agents. The Midget Vest Pocket Garment Hanger 

sells on sight. The most attractive proposition ever offered* 
\o competition* Article fully protected by U. s. and 
foreign patents, \ddress Ti siivex Company, Dept. C) 

lit Madison \ v c, New York. 

Agents Make Big Money Selling Self-Lighting 

Kits tips and tras stove TighterSJ no matches required. Just 
turn on gas, lights if; sells on Night; send lor proposi- 
tion before all territory is taken. Aut<>mati< itasAppli 
anoe Co., t Union square, Mew York, N. Y. 

Outfit Free To Agents. Best Selling Handker- 
chiefo, Dress Goods and Fancy Gtoods on the market. 
Quick sellers, big profits. Deal direct with a large manu- 
facturer. Send stamp for particulars. FreepOll >lfu r . (\»., 
, ' Main St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Men And Women Make Big Money Selling 

wonderful Polish for Pianos, Automobiles, Furniture. 
Certain "Repeater/ 1 ISxtra large profit. Introductory 

Offer! Write. Lawson Piano Company, 88tt8 Third 
Avenue, New York. 



The Fuller Dustless Mop And Furniture Duster 

are advertised in leading magazines. We need live repre- 
sentatives f<*r Unoccupied territory. These articles con- 
tain exclusive features. Write for < >ur special proposition. 

Fuller Brush Co., 52 Hoadley pi. Hartford, Conn. 

Western Branch: Kock Island, 111. 

Agents. Men Or Women, Desiring Big Income, 

to take orm for our Superior Jane of Household (feces 

sities and ( 'hristmas Packages. Big Profits Beady 
Sellers Exclusive Territory. Lessons in Salesmanship 
Free. Write for our special Get Acquainted offerToday. 

Address, Hoherts Mfg. Co., 3180 Walnut St., St. Louis, Mo, 



Salesmen: Exceptional Opportunity To Make 
big) immediate profits and bulla up permanent, profit 

able business selling Prants Premier Electric Cleaners 
now $35. 60,(HMj sold last year. $100,000 advertising 
apalgn now running. See current magazines. Heal 
co-operation and selling helps given salesmen. Big 
commissions. Fall months besl selling teon. Writ 
Immediately for full particulars. Premier Vaoutun Cleaner 

Co., Cleveland, < >hfo« 



Magazine Subscription Solicitors Earn Liberal 

commissions and extra prise money working for Scrib- 

mrV It .lues not interfere wit h your present occupation. 

a postcard will bring full particulars. Address in^k 1. 

Serihner's Magaxine, 597 Fifth Ave., New York. 



Agents— Here's A Fast Selling Article. New 
Jiow Priced self Heating Iron. Easy sales—large profits — 

demand enormous. Write Today for Money Making Flans 

and how to obtain Free Sample, <\ Brown Mfg. Co.. 

1311 Brown Bidg., Cincinnati, O. 



itlLllllllll 






Terms For Advertisers 



At Last — A Compressed Air Clothes Washer; 

cli tub of clothes In '^ min. Weighs but 2 lbs. F*rice 
only Si. 50. Agents coining monej . A sale ai ■ -\ ery hous 

Wendell Vacuum Washer | !o M tifo Oak St., LeipsiCj O. 

Live Agents Wanted To Take Orders For Our 

L f uarani<ed food flavors in tubes i saving80%)« Exceptionally 
large profits. Exclusive territory. Permanent businefi 
('. H. Stuart & Co., 27 Union, Newark, N. Y. 

New Electric Hand Lamp, Fits Standard Dry 

battery. Big opportunity; extra largo profits; quickest 

slier ever produced. Retails to everybody from farmer to 
housekeeper. Dept. < \ Metal specialties M&g.Co., Chicago. 

Guaranteed Hosiery Manufacturer Selling Direct 

to consumer, wishes agent in every oounty. Permanent 

big paying business. Protected territory. Credit. C. Parker 
MilK 3781 No. 18th St., Philadelphia, Pa, 

Agents Hurry —Something New. Sanitary Tele- 
phone device. Millions will be sold. Steel Corporation 

boughl 1200. Sells itself. Splendid profit. Write today 

for territory. Fhondate Co., 750 Spitser Uldg., Toledo, O. 



Agent— Great Opportunity To Be Permanent 

representative largest manufacturers high grade soaps 
and toilet goods. Hit, steady income; unlimited possi- 
bilities. Write for immediate appointment. E. M. Davis 
Co., K. 61, Davis Bldg , Chicago, 



Magic Ink Eraser, No Blade, No Acid. Removes 

ink like magic. 10c. sells 250, to 85c, Any man tliat can't 
sell hundrewl couldn't sell bread in a famine. Sample lOd 
S. Mfg. Co., 30 Warren St., N. Y. Dept. 3. 



Oil-Boxes Protect Springs Against Rust. Ap- 
preciated by every Motor Car user. Price moderate. 

Territory for those who prove true sales ability. 
W. H. Brown, 3818 Buolid Ave., Cleveland, O. 



No Experience Required To Make $$$$$ As 

our General or Local Agent. Household necessity, saves 

s\)%. Permanent business, free sample, credit. Pitkin, 
194 It Street, Newark, N. Y. 



Traveling Salesmen Wanted. Experience Un- 
necessary. Earn Big Pay while you learn by mail during 
spare time, only eight weeks' time required, oue or two 
hours a day. Steady position, easy work, hundreds of 
good positions to select from. Write today for free book 
"\ Knight of the Grip?, containing full particulars ami 
testimonials from hundreds of our students who are earn- 
ing Big Salaries. Address Dept. B-47 National Salesmen's 
Training Association, Chicago, New York, Kansas*City, 
San Francisco. ^ 

Salesmen Wanted. Just A Few More Openings 

left. If you can show us that you are an Al man making 
small towns in territory still open, we can show you the 
best side-line Punch Board Proposition ever offered. 
Special Territory. Big commissions,— Prompt commis- 
sions,— Repeat commissions. Answer quick. Grove Mfg. 
Co.. JV.'J Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Salesmen Wanted— To Sell, Exclusively, Or As A 

side line, a strictly high-class staple article to lumber, 
hardware, drug and paint trade. Cash commission paid 
each we- k. Sales ability and energetic work Only re- 
quirements. Address Sales Manager, 12(H) Olive St., 
St. Louis, Mo. 



Agents; Sell Tango Silk Neckties. 3 For $1.00 

Claesy Monogram Gold Killed Cuff Link & Stick Pin Set 
Free. Wins sales. Christmas orders. Big Profits. Write 
for terms. Comer Mfg. Co., 153 Bank St., Dayton, Ohio. 



This Pa K e Is One Of The Best, Quickest, And 

cheaj ' ol getting In touch with a largo number 

of people. 

Hav< B to sell? Do you want agents or 

gali Then ti» the place to tell your story. This 

Department app i :t month. 

te $8.50 per line; :: b d] tntj 16^ discount on 

tix-th ecutivi order, erlng three months. About 

ord can be Inserted In b line. Smallest copy 
d, three lines. 

'i | rmi ■ ith order unless placed by r< cognized ad- 

r j an- .fanuan 2nd, 16th; and F\ binary 

h; March 6th 20th. M have copj three we< 

of dat ue. Pot I e Januai 

Dece N b. 

D d i oni copy. ^ , ttbmli prool tnd prioei 




Agents Sell Our Attractive Cards In Every 

home for Xmas gifts Lai I Profits Outfit free. Send 
to-day. Kormun Printery, 893 W, Wni.^rhury, Conn. 

Agents To Sell "Eureka Steel Ranges" From Wag- 

ons, "ii notes or for cash. Big money maker for live men. 
i atalogue Free. Eureka steel Range Co., O'Fallon, ills. 

Advertising Stickers, Inexpensive And Effective 

advertl Ing; a universal business help; splendid Held for 
fents. St. LouisStickerCo M Dept.0, 105 Pine St., St. Louis, 



Agents For Fast Selling Patented Necessity For 

Restaurai I HotelsJHomes. Ea^ money lusive territory 

apable man. Hyde Pros. S. ,v R. Co., Pittsburgh, p 



Wanted-Representatives To Sell Elcaro. Tells 
your fortune as well as any fortune tidier. Agents are 

coining money. Write for terms. Sample 10c. Elcaro Co., 

Dept. M y Pox 15, Rochester, N. Y. 

Agents Of Ability And High Character Wanted 

on a new household article. Large profit. Special selling 

plan that pulls results. Address Merritt & Brock, 59 to 69 
Temple Place, Boston, Mass. 

Quick Sales And Big Profits Selling Our Guar- 
anteed goods. Write for att ractive sample offer. Liberal 

Credit. Wm.J.Diok,Mgr.,Dept, l> 8.80W. Lake, Chicago, 

Agents* Either Sex, Sell Ho-Ro-Co Skin And Scalp 

soap, perfumes, toilet articles. Big Profits. Wehelpeai nest 
workers. Rothoo, 208 N. Second St., St. Louis, Mo. 



Sells Like Hot Cakes. New Laundry Wax, Per- 
fumes clothes with lasting violet, perfums ; working outfit 
fie. New offer. Perfume Gloss, 18 Water St., New York. 

Free Sample— No Splash Water Strainers Sell 

themselve no talking experience unnecessary. Daily 
profits enormous. Send 'v. M. I). Seed Mitel * !o., we^ 5 oi 



Who Are You? Prove It At Banks, Etc., By 

Photo-Identifioation Credential (in fine leather pocketbook) 
furnished with 12,000 Accident Insurance Policy; pays bene- 
fits for injuries or sickness, total cost §5 per ar; double 
benefits $10. Agents wanted. Highest commissions. 
Address Underwriters, 1345 Insurance Exchange, Chicago. 

Salesmen- We Will Pay You Well. Hardenburg's 

famous line of Leather Goods, Diaries, and Other Adver- 
tising Specialties. Product of thirty years 1 experience. 
Easy sales, satisfied customers, big commissions, a serious 

Offer for hustling salesmen. No canvassers. H. B. Harden- 
burg & Co., 07 Washington St., Brooklyn, N . Y. 

Accidents Will Happen, Special Policies Are Now 

prepared. $li.lHK) Accidental Death, $12 weekly, cosl $5 a 
year. Also $5,00(1 policy paying $35 weekly. Sin a year. 

16,IMH) claims paid; collected over $1,000,000 in premiums 

to 1 WIS. Strong Siock Company. Top commission. Soldex- 
rlusivoly by Pillings&Co., 1011 Chestnut St., Philad elplua. 

High Grade Experienced Salesmen To Call On 

physicians only, dean cut, intelligent, resourceful, well 

recommended men wanted. Write for our new Commission 
and expense plan, stating your qualifications. Wm Wood 
& Co., 51 Fifth Ave., New York City. Establish ed 1804, 

Salesmen— Side Line ; Electric Sign ; Flashes 

changeable wording in radiant sparkling beams of colored 
electric light; outselling everything at $10; terms SO days. 
Big weekly profits. Flashtric Sign Works, (Mucnmi. 

1 1 1 1 Hill illlllHSIIHIMIMWIIIHIIIIIIIIlllilli IIIIIUI 



This Page 



Many Of Our Readers Doubtless Would Like 

to devote their spare hours to some profitable work. The 

advertisers on this page are looking for 1us1 Buch peoph 

To safeguard our readers against dealinga with unreli- 
able advertisers, we investigate as thoroughly as possible 
every advertiser who applies for space. 

Most of them have been regular users of Collier's for 
lone periods of time and have built up successful busi- 
nesses because they have been advocates ol ill" square 
deal. What you mav earn as their agent or representa- 
tive depends ;ihsolwtolv Upon yoUT OWU alulit\ lling- 
ness to work. 

Wlis not write to 80me Of them and find out what they 

have done for others ? What others have d^u*-. >ou should 
be able to do If you hai e the time and incline n. 



COLLIER'S FOR DECEMBER 5, 1914 



35 






I 



I 



/ 



i, 







(6 




Man Would Die in the First Alcove 



99 




"There are 850,000 volumes in the Imperial Library at 
Paris," said Emerson. "If a man were to read industriously 

from dawn to dark for sixty years, he would die in the first alcove." 

And he would not die a well-read man. 



f 



uld know what tew 



b 



k 



ooks arc 



and could read those few 



y 



w 



h-il 



e 



phies, Dramas, works of 



Fiction, Poetry, Science, Philosophy and Religion — he would become well 
read, even though he could devote to them but a few pleasure moments a day. 

Expert Advice on Your Reading — FREE 

For years Dr. Charles W. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard, has maintained that the books really essen- 
tial to the Twentieth Century idea of a cultivated man could be contained in a Five-Foot Shelf, and from 
his lifetime of reading, study and teaching — forty years of it at the head of one of the world's greatest Uni- 
versities — he has put aside those few books that he considers most worth while. 

Uniformly bound in fifty volumes, indexed and cross indexed and arranged by Dr. Eliot into fourteen 
Reading Courses, the set has been brought out at a cost for the preliminary manufacturing work alone 
of $150,000, as 

THE HARVARD CLASSICS 



THE FAMOUS FIVE-FOOT SHELF OF BOOKS 

418 masterpieces at a few cents apiece 

Any man who cares to read efficiently, instead 

of wastefully, should know what few books Dr. 
selected, and why. 

He should know why 100,000 successful men are finding in 
the Five-Foot Shelf just the mental stimulus they need. 



HH 1 






Be Guided by 
This FREE 
Booklet 



Everything you need to know about this famous set of Books 

is in a. free booklet. There is a copy for you — no obligation; 

merely clip the coupon. 




.• 



f 



/ Coll. 12-5 



P. F. Collier 

& Son,4l6 W. 

•' ijthSt M N.Y.City 

Mail me, without 
obligation on mv 
part, vour free "Guide 
Booklet to Books 11 con- 
taining the story of the 
' Five-Foot Shelf. 



f you have children mul itro Interest oil f "^ 

n wlmi they id, pnl a • In t\\\< [_ J 




Ilifa 















\ 



\ 




























A Victrola 



for 



The world 




best 



Christmas 

and 



music 



enter 



tainment for the entire family — and all 
your friends besides. 

Christmas time — and all the time. 

There are Victors and Victrolas in great variety 
of styles from $10 to $200, and there are Victor 
dealer«s in every city in the world who will gladly dem- 
onstrate them and play any music you wish to hear. 

Victor Talking Machine Co., Camden, N. J., U. S. A. 



Berliner Gramophone Co., Montreal, Canadian Distributors 



Always use Victor Machines with Victor Records and Victor Needles — 
the combination. There is no other way to get the unequaled Victor tone. 



New Victor Records demonstrated at all dealers on the 28th of each month 







J 



i 



i